Cairnese Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Cairnese so you can get to know the breed more.
Compare the Cairnese With Other Dogs |
Select at least one dog breed to make the comparsion.
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
|Cross Breed Cairn Terrier and Havanese mix|
Is a Cairnese small, medium or large dog?
How big do Cairnese get?
What is the average size of a Cairnese?
How much does the Cairnese weigh? How much should a Cairnese weight? What is the normal weight of a Cairnese? How much does a full-grown Cairnese weight?
|Male: 14-18 pounds (6-8 kg), Female: 13-17 pounds (6-8 kg)|
Average Weight |
What is the average weight of a Cairnese?
|Male: 16 pounds (7 kg), Female: 15 pounds (7 kg)|
How tall is the Cairnese? Cairnese height:
|Male: 10-13 inches (25-33 cm), Female: 9-12 inches (23-30 cm)|
Average Height |
What is the average height of a Cairnese?
|Male: 11.5 inches (29 cm), Female: 10.5 inches (26.5 cm)|
How much does the Cairnese puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Cairnese in the United States? How much money is a Cairnese?
Where to buy a Cairnese with a good pedigree?
If you choose to purchase the Cairnese, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Cairnese for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Cairnese gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Cairnese? How many Cairnese are there in the world?
Very frequent: The Cairnese is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.
Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Cairnese? Is the Cairnese breed dumb or smart?
Smart: The Cairnese dogs have great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
The Cairnese is among the smartest dogs in the intelligence ranking.
Are Cairnese dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Cairnese?
Cairnese dogs are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Cairnese good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Cairnese dogs are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Cairnese dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial |
Do Cairnese dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Cairnese dogs strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
What kind of personality does the Cairnese have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Cairnese sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Cairnese dogs don't tolerate irregular daily routines, noisy households, and frequent guest visits really well.
They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they? Is a Cairnese a good family dog?
High: Cairnese dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving, and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dogs for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Cairnese need? Cairnese social needs:
Cairnese dogs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Cairnese to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Cairnese roam?
Cairnese dogs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Cairnese have high prey drive?
Cairnese dogs have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Cairnese dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
How playful is this breed?
The Cairnese is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Do Cairnese dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Cairnese bark?
Average to High: The Cairnese is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.
Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Cairnese good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Cairnese in an apartment?
Apartment-friendly dog the Cairnese breed. It is best if you have a small garden where it can occasionally go out to do its business, but this is not important at all. You can exercise him enough with a walk or two a day, so he's comfortable in an apartment.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Cairnese dogs adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
How long can a Cairnese be left alone? How long can you leave a Cairnese alone?
Cairnese dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Bite Force PSI |
Does the Cairnese has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Cairnese? How much bite force does a Cairnese have? How strong is a Cairnese bite?
Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽
Cairnese bite force: Weak. The Cairnese bite force is considered weak when compared to other dog breeds. The bite force Cairnese measurements usually fall below 200 PSI, making them one of the breeds with the weakest bite force. The bite force of a Cairnese may be weak, but it's important to remember that any dog's bite can still be dangerous if not managed properly. Despite the bite force of Cairnese being lower, it does not make them any less lovable or enjoyable as pets.
Cairnese bite wounds might not be as severe, but it is still essential to be cautious and prevent any biting incidents.
They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals. To ensure a well-behaved dog, it's essential to learn how to train a Cairnese puppy not to bite from an early age. With proper training and socialization, a Cairnese can be a wonderful addition to any family, providing love and companionship for years to come.
Biting Potential |
Do Cairnese bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Cairnese? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Cairnese? Why do dog bites happen?
The Cairnese has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Cairnese do?
Cairnese dogs have an average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Cairnese dogs need to be taught a good attitude.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Cairnese dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Cairnese is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems |
What genetic/health problems does the Cairnese breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Cairnese breed? Most common health risks of Cairnese:
|CataractsHeart MurmursHip DysplasiaLegg-perthes DiseaseLuxating PatellaPatellar LuxationHypothyroidismProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)DeafnessChondrodysplasiaElbow DysplasiaMitral Valve DiseaseCryptorchidismGlaucomaPortosystemic Liver ShuntCraniomandibular OsteopathyGloboid Cell LeukodystrophyMicrovascular DysplasiaPortosystemic Vascular Anomaly (PSVA)|
Veterinarian Visits |
How often does the Cairnese breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Cairnese see the vet?
The Cairnese should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy |
How long do Cairnese dogs live? How old can a Cairnese be? What is the age limit of the Cairnese? How many years can the oldest Cairnese live?
What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Cairnese?
How long is the lifespan of a Cairnese?
The average lifespan of Cairnese: 15 years
Weather and Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
| Tolerates warm and cold weather |
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Cairnese have? What is the activity level of the Cairnese?
Cairnese dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need |
How much exercise does a Cairnese need? How much exercise do Cairnese dogs require per day?
Do Cairnese dogs need a lot of exercises?
Cairnese dogs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long ones on weekends.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does the Cairnese breed need?
Cairnese dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption |
How much food does a Cairnese need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Cairnese breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Cairnese? How much food should I feed my Cairnese?
|0.5 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Cairnese risk for obesity:
Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Cairnese's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.
If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Cairnese weight regularly.
Coat / Hair Types |
What type of coat does the Cairnese have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Cairnese coats?
|BlackGray Red Cream White SilverFawn Brindle WheatenReddish-BrownHavana BrownTobacco|
How to groom the Cairnese and how often? How often should I take my Cairnese to the groomer?
Average: The Cairnese requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.
Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.
Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.
Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.
If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Cairnese, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.
Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level |
How much do Cairnese dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Cairnese? Do Cairnese dogs shed a lot?
Cairnese dogs are low shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency |
How often does the Cairnese need a bath? How often should you give a Cairnese a bath? Can I bathe my Cairnese every day?
| 3-4 weeks |
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing.
Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.
Is the Cairnese breed hypoallergenic?
Cairnese dogs do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Cairnese has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency |
Does the Cairnese drool?
The Cairnese is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Cairnese could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Cairnese.
If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Cairnese dogs get along with other pets? Are Cairnese dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Cairnese dogs are usually friendly towards other pets.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Cairnese temperament with other people:
Cairnese dogs are stranger-friendly dogs.
Child Friendly |
Are Cairnese dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Cairnese temperament with children:
Cairnese dogs are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Cairnese dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Cairnese breed live with a cat?
Cairnese dogs are cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly |
Is Cairnese good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Cairnese dogs get along with other dogs?
Cairnese dogs are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Cairnese can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Cairnese breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Cairnese breed suitable for first-time owners?
Cairnese dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly |
Are Cairnese dogs good office canines? Do Cairnese dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Cairnese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Cairnese dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Cairnese temperament with senior people? Are Cairnese dogs good for elderly owners?
Cairneses are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Cairnese be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).
Cairnese is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Cairnese be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Cairnese be an emotional support animal?
This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.
Cairnese is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Cairnese be a sniffer dog?
They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Cairnese is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Cairnese be a search and rescue dog?
This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.
The Cairnese is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Cairnese be a boat dog?
Cairnese breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.
Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Cairnese be a drafting dog?
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.
Cairnese is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog |
Where Cairnese dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Gestation Length |
How long is a Cairnese pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Cairnese breed is pregnant?
Reproductive cycle of the female Cairnese: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.
During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.
The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.
The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.
The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.
The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Cairnese have in a litter? How many puppies can the Cairnese breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Cairnese have? How many puppies can a Cairnese give birth to?
AKC Group |
Is Cairnese recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.|
FCI Group |
Is Cairnese recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Not recognized by FCI.|
Cairnese Pros and Cons
- Intelligent Rank: Smart: The Cairnese dogs have great intelligence.
- Trainability: Cairnese dogs are very easy to train.
- Hypoallergenic: Cairnese dogs do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
- Apartment Friendly: Apartment-friendly dog the Cairnese breed.
- Shedding Level: Cairnese dogs are low shedders.
- Drooling Tendency: The Cairnese is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
- Watchdog Ability: Cairnese dogs are good watchdogs.
- Adaptability: Cairnese dogs adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
- Child Friendly: Cairnese dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
- Cat Friendly: Cairnese dogs are cat-friendly dogs.
- Dog Friendly: Cairnese dogs are dog-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Cairneses are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
- Good For First Time Owners: Cairnese dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
- Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Cairnese's weight, he can easily gain weight.
- Tolerates Being Left Alone: Cairnese dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
- Office Friendly: Cairnese is not the best dog breed for office environment.