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Chien - gris Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Chien - gris so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Extinct
Popularity Rank317
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Chien - gris dog profile picture
OriginFrance flagFrance
Other Names
What other names does the Chien - gris have?
Dun HoundGrey St Louis HoundGray DogGray Dog of Saint LouisGris de Saint-Louis
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?

Chien - gris Size and Weight

Is a Chien - gris small, medium or large dog?

How big do Chien - gris get?

What is the average size of a Chien - gris?

How much does the Chien - gris weigh? How much should a Chien - gris weight? What is the normal weight of a Chien - gris? How much does a full-grown Chien - gris weight?
58-88 pounds (26-40 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Chien - gris?
73 pounds (33 kg)
How tall is the Chien - gris? Chien - gris height:
20-27 inches (51-69 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Chien - gris?
23.5 inches (60 cm)

Chien - gris Price and Availability

How much does the Chien - gris puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Chien - gris in the United States? How much money is a Chien - gris?

Where to buy a Chien - gris with a good pedigree?

Unfortunately the Chien - gris is an extinct dog breed, so there isn’t any available price range or breeder in the world for purchasing this breed.
How easy is it to get a Chien - gris? How many Chien - gris are there in the world?
Unavailable: This dog breed, unfortunately, is no longer available, it may even be extinct.

Chien - gris Trainability and Intelligence

Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Chien - gris? Is the Chien - gris breed dumb or smart?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.

The Chien - gris ranks average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.

Are Chien - gris dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Chien - gris?
Chien - gris dogs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Watchdog Ability
Is Chien - gris good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Chien - gris dogs are not the best watchdogs. They aren't very territorial and protective about their property, so they probably won't alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Chien - gris dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Chien - gris dogs are not the best to protect their territory. Better to have the protection of your house and property supervised by others.

Chien - gris Personality and Temperament

What kind of personality does the Chien - gris have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Chien - gris sensitivity:
Chien - gris dogs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music.

Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally by moderate punishment.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Chien - gris a good family dog?
Average to High: Chien - gris dogs are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Dun Hound need? Chien - gris social needs:
Chien - gris dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Chien - gris to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Chien - gris roam?
The wanderlust potential of the Chien - gris is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Chien - gris have high prey drive?
Chien - gris dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Chien - gris dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.

Chien - gris Activity and Playfulness

How playful is this breed?
Average: Chien - griss, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Do Chien - gris dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Dun Hound bark?
Average: The Chien - gris barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Apartment Friendly
Is Chien - gris good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Chien - gris in an apartment?
Not an apartment-friendly dog the Chien - gris breed. If you don't have a garden, think carefully about your decision, keeping Chien - gris indoors can cause a lot of problems.

Chien - gris Adaptability and Independence

Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Chien - gris dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Chien - gris be left alone? How long can you leave a Chien - gris alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.

Chien - gris Bite Characteristics

Bite Force PSI
Does the Chien - gris has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Chien - gris? How much bite force does a Chien - gris have? How strong is a Chien - gris bite?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Chien - gris bite force: Ordinary. Bite force Chien - gris measurements typically fall within the range of 200 to 400 PSI. The bite force of a Chien - gris is considered ordinary when compared to other dog breeds, but it is still quite powerful. This Chien - gris bite force PSI can cause bite wounds. Chien - gris bite PSI is not something that should be feared if the dog is well-trained and managed. To avoid any issues, it's essential to learn how to train a Chien - gris puppy not to bite from an early age.

The Chien - gris, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

In conclusion, while the Chien - gris bite force is certainly an interesting aspect of the breed, it is important not to let it overshadow the many other reasons why these dogs are so loved and respected. With proper training and socialization, a Chien - gris can be a loyal and protective companion for your family.

Biting Potential
Do Chien - gris bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Dun Hound? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Chien - gris? Why do dog bites happen?


The Chien - gris has an average chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Chien - gris do?
Chien - gris dogs have an average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Chien - gris dogs need to be taught a good attitude.

Chien - gris Health and Lifespan

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Chien - gris dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Chien - griss are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Chien - gris breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Chien - gris breed? Most common health risks of Chien - gris:
Kneecap dislocations Hip Dysplasia Joint Problems
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Chien - gris breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Chien - gris see the vet?
The Chien - gris should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Chien - gris dogs live? How old can a Chien - gris be? What is the age limit of the Chien - gris? How many years can the oldest Chien - gris live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Chien - gris?

How long is the lifespan of a Chien - gris?

9-11 years
The average lifespan of Chien - gris: 10 years
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.

Chien - gris Energy and Activity

Energy Level
How much energy does the Chien - gris have? What is the activity level of the Chien - gris?
Chien - gris dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Chien - gris need? How much exercise do Chien - gris dogs require per day?

Do Chien - gris dogs need a lot of exercises?

Chien - gris dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Chien - gris breed need?
Chien - gris dogs don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.

Chien - gris Diet and Weight Management

Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Chien - gris need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Chien - gris breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Chien - gris? How much food should I feed my Chien - gris?
2.5 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Chien - gris risk for obesity:
Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Chien - gris's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Chien - gris weight regularly.

Chien - gris Allergies and Grooming

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Chien - gris have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Chien - gris coats?
Tan Red White
How to groom the Chien - gris and how often? How often should I take my Chien - gris to the groomer?
Average: The Chien - gris requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Chien - gris, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Chien - gris dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Dun Hound? Do Chien - gris dogs shed a lot?
Chien - gris dogs shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. Chien - gris dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Chien - gris need a bath? How often should you give a Chien - gris a bath? Can I bathe my Chien - gris every day?
8-12 weeks
Very rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.

Is the Chien - gris breed hypoallergenic?
Chien - gris dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions. Some dog breeds are even considered to higher possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?


The Chien - gris has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Chien - gris drool?
The Chien - gris is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Chien - gris Good With

Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Chien - gris dogs get along with other pets? Are Chien - gris dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Chien - gris dogs usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Chien - gris temperament with other people:
Chien - gris dogs are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Chien - gris dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Chien - gris temperament with children:
Chien - gris dogs are average friendly dogs towards children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Chien - gris dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Chien - gris breed live with a cat?
Chien - gris dogs are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Chien - gris good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Chien - gris dogs get along with other dogs?
Chien - gris dogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Chien - gris breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Chien - gris breed suitable for first-time owners?
Chien - gris dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Chien - gris dogs good office canines? Do Chien - gris dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Chien - gris is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Chien - gris dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Dun Hound temperament with senior people? Are Chien - gris dogs good for elderly owners?
Chien - griss are commonly okay with elderly people.

Chien - gris As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Chien - gris be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Chien - gris is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Chien - gris be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Chien - gris be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Chien - gris is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Chien - gris be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Chien - gris is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Chien - gris be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Chien - gris is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Chien - gris be a boat dog?

Not really

Chien - gris breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Chien - gris be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Chien - gris is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Chien - gris dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Chien - gris Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Chien - gris pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Chien - gris breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Chien - gris: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Chien - gris have in a litter? How many puppies can the Chien - gris breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Chien - gris have? How many puppies can a Chien - gris give birth to?
4-6 puppies

Chien - gris Recognition

AKC Group
Is Chien - gris recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Chien - gris recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Chien - gris breed?
Not recognized by any clubs.

Chien - gris Pros and Cons

  • Health Issues: Chien - griss are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Shedding Level: Chien - gris dogs shed none to minimal.
  • Office Friendly: Chien - gris is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
  • Good For First Time Owners: Chien - gris dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Hypoallergenic: Chien - gris dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions.
  • Apartment Friendly: Not an apartment-friendly dog the Chien - gris breed.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Chien - gris's weight, he can easily gain weight.
  • Watchdog Ability: Chien - gris dogs are not the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: The wanderlust potential of the Chien - gris is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Cat Friendly: Chien - gris dogs are not the most cat-friendly dogs.

Chien - gris History

The Chien-Gris, also known as the Grey Saint Louis Hound, is a now-extinct breed, which lived throughout all Western Europe and which is thought to be originated from the Medieval Times. Most state that the Chien-Gris was first called Canis Segusius, and bred by Gaulish tribes, who used to rule the land now known as Belgium.

Resembling the Chien de Saint-Hubert, the Chien-Gris was also a scent-hound. The breed was among the royal packs of the French monarchy, which were founded and composed from the 1250s, and it worked until the 1470s, consisting exclusively of these hound types. According to King Charles IX, the breed was introduced during the middle of the 16th century to the French through Saint Louis, who had encountered the breed while being a prisoner during the Crusades, and later received the dogs as a gift. Regarding the Chien-Gris origin story, old writers liked to describe the breed as an ancient and remote hound breed, which they claimed to be originated from Tartary. During the 16th century, Jacques du Fouilloux said that the breed was a very common one and that the dogs were ancestors of the modern French rough-coated Griffon breeds.

Nevertheless, this rough-coat exterior is only mentioned in a few records, thus its certainty is quite debatable. It is presumed that the rough coat was introduced later to the Chien-Gris, after including some indigenous French breeds into the breeding mix. The breed was considered to be one of the most successful hound breeds in its era, for the reason that the dogs were very determined in their pursuit of the quarry to the death. During King Louis’s reign, hunting became one of the most popular and influential sports in France, and frankly in all of Europe. Thanks to King Louis’s adamant for the breed, the Chien-Gris became one of the most popular and sought-after breeds at that time.

Later, breeders wanted to add extra layers to the hunting breeds’ coats in order to make them more water-repellent and to further protect the dogs from the swampy regions of the land, while also protecting their skins against animal attacks. The original theory is that the Canis Segusius was the original breed, which all the Griffon-type of breeds are descended from, just like the Chien-Gris. However, another theory stated that the Spinone Italiano was the original, less developed version of the Griffon, from which the Chien-Gris is descended, even though there is no historical evidence to boost this theory.

Later, towards the early 18th century, crossing the Chien-Gris with other breeds became very common, because Monks usually gave gifts to the royalty in the form of hunting dogs, which usually contained some Chien-Gris specimens. It was considered as a usual practice to cross the Chien-Gris with Bloodhounds, in order to make their senses keener and more perfect. Thanks to the nobility in France, the Chien-Gris became immensely popular throughout the country, which resulted in a plethora of mixed new breeds that are directly descended from the Chien-Gris, including the; Basset Fauve de Bretagne, the German Wirehaired Pointer, both Griffon Vendéens, the Otterhound, the Weimaraner, and many others.

Unfortunately, Chien-Gris’s late history is rather dark and very unsettling. The Chien-Gris’s popularity started to decline towards the late 17th century, as the gap grew in the French society’s classes. For the reason that the Chien-Gris was once a famous breed, bred by the richest classes, the poor people would slaughter them in their anger, and eat the dogs’ flesh to prove some kind of the sociological or political point, and also, to not die of hunger. Resembling many French breeds, the Chien-Gris was also a victim of the French Revolution, when hunting was considered to be self-indulgent in times of war. Moreover, as many cross breeds existed and were established at that point, the Chien-Gris’s homogeneity was not taken care of well, and breeders were only focusing on perfecting the newly developed breeds, and not preserving this majestic one. It is thought that the Chien-Gris went completely extinct by the middle of the 19th century.

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