Cirneco dell’Etna Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Cirneco dell’Etna so you can get to know the breed more.
Other Names |
What other names does the Cirneco dell’Etna have? The dog breed also known as...
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group |
Is Cirneco dell’Etna recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2015 as a Hound breed.|
FCI Group |
Is Cirneco dell’Etna recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Not recognized by FCI.|
How much does the Cirneco dell’Etna puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Cirneco dell’Etna price:
If you choose to purchase the Cirneco dell’Etna, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Cirneco dell’Etna for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Cirneco dell’Etna gets to a happy place.
The Cirneco dell'Etna is a very old breed that has been around for hundreds, if not thousands of years. The breed was created in an era before dog breeding records were preserved in writing, thus nothing is known about its ancestors. It is obvious that the Cirneco dell'Etna is an ancient breed and that has been in Sicily for long a time as coins made long ago as 500 B.C. from Segesta depict dogs that resemble the modern breed.
Moreover, the name "Cirneco" comes from a Greek word, "Kyrenakios", which means "of Cyrene", the ancient name of the Libyan city of Shahhat. Kyrenaikos was the oldest and most important of five Greek colonies in Eastern Libya, and it was so important that the region is still known as Cyrenaica, after Cyrene, the city's Roman name. It is generally believed that the Cirneco dell'Etna was originally called the Cane Cirenaico, or "dog from Cyrenaica". Some experts say that this strongly suggests that these dogs arrived in Sicily from North Africa, being brought by Greek traders operating between Cyrene and Syracuse. The second part of the breed's name, "dell'Etna", comes from Mount Etna on the island of Sicily.
Although experts are not sure how the breed arrived in Sicily, it is sure that it became highly valued by the people on the island. As I already mentioned before, the dog was regularly depicted on coins minted by a number of local powers from the 5th to 3rd centuries B.C. The dog is most commonly found on coins minted in Segesta, but it also appears on those from Erice, Piakos, Motia, Palermo, and Messina. These coins frequently depicted the Sicilian God Adranos, the personification of the volcano Etna, on one side and a Cirneco dell'Etna on the other. This suggests that the breed was associated with the Volcane that gives its modern name as early as 2500 years ago. These coins and their positions imply that the Cirneco dell'Etna had religious significance for the ancient Sicilians, which can also be found in the mythology of the region. According to the legend, Dionysus, the Greco-Roman God of wine and revelry, founded a temple on the side of Mount Etna around 400 B.C. The temple was supposedly responsible for breeding many of these dogs, who served the temple in many ways. The Cirneco acted as temple guardian and had the ability to identify thieves and non-believers, who would be attacked immediately.
Furthermore, local hunters have kept the breed in nearly the same shape for millennia, even long after the breed's religious significance had been eliminated due to the spread of Christianity. These dogs can be found on a number of Roman Era artifacts, most notably the mosaics of the Roman Villa Imperiale at Piazza Amerina. The Cirneco dell'Etna came to be found across Sicily, but it was always common in the area immediately surrounding Mount Etna. The breed has traditionally been a hunting dog, and rabbits have been its major prey for ages. Rabbit hunting was highly beneficial to Sicilian farmers are they were considered agricultural pests who consume crops. However, in most of Europe, hunting dogs were primarily kept by the nobility, but the Cirneco dell'Etna was usually owned by poor farmers. The breed remained a highly valued part of Sicilian life for millennia but fell on hard times at the beginning of the 20th century.
As a result of modern technology and social change, fewer people kept these dogs, and the quality of their breeding began to deteriorate. In 1932, Dr. Mauriyio Migneco, a veterinarian from Andrano, wrote an article for an Italian hunting journal that covered the breed's declining numbers. This motivated a group of highly influential Sicilians who decided to work together to save the much-treasured dog. These efforts were led by the Baroness Agata Paterno Castello of the Dukes of Carcaci, better known to her friends as Donna Agata. Donna Agata dedicated the next 26 years of her life to the Cirneco dell’Etna, known at the time as the Cirneco. She did her best to learn everything she could about the breed and its history before scouring the island for the best examples. She took these dogs to her kennel, Aetnensis, and began to initiate a breeding program. When she felt that she had successfully recovered the type of dog, she consulted with the renowned zoologist Professor Giuseppe Solaro. Professor Solaro studies the dog's anatomy, behavior, and working methods, and published the first Cirneco standard in 1938. The breed, which is certainly the oldest of Italy's many native dogs, was immediately recognized by the Italian Kennel Club. The first breed club was established in Catania in 1951. The Professor served as its first president. Moreover, in 1952 the first Italian Show Champion was crowned, a female named Aetnesis pupa that had been bred by Baroness herself.
The Cirneco was continued to be bred throughout Sicily, but the breed also spread across mainland in Italy as well. However, the dog was mostly unknown outside of Italy un tilt the 1980s. In 1989 the Federation Cynologique Internationale granted full recognition to the breed. Interest began to increase outside of Italy, especially in France, Finland, and the United States. The first Cirneco dell’Etna arrived in the United States in the mid-1990s and soon a club was formed, the Cirneco dell’Etna Club of America. In 2006, the United Kennel Club became the first of the two major kennel clubs to grant full recognition to the breed as a member of the Sighthound and Pariah Group. Not much later, the American Kennel Club placed the breed in its Foundation Stock Service Program, which was the first step towards full recognition with the club. Eventually, in 2012, the Cirneco dell’Etna was officially added to the AKC’s Miscellaneous Class, the final step before full recognition. Today, the breed is eligible to compete in almost all official AKC events that a member of the hound group is allowed to participate in.
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Cirneco dell’Etna size:
How much does the Cirneco dell’Etna weigh? Cirneco dell’Etna weight:
|Male: 22–26 pounds (10–12 kg), Female: 18–22 pounds (8–10 kg)|
Avg. Weight |
What is the average weight of the Cirneco dell’Etna? Cirneco dell’Etna average weight:
|Male: 24 pounds (11 kg), Female: 20 pounds (9 kg)|
How tall is the Cirneco dell’Etna? Cirneco dell’Etna height:
|Male: 18–20 inch (46–52 cm), Female: 17–20 inch (42–50 cm)|
Avg. Height |
What is the average height of this fido? Cirneco dell’Etna average height:
|Male: 19 inch (49 cm), Female: 18.5 inch (46 cm)|
What type of coat does the Cirneco dell’Etna have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Cirneco dell’Etna's coat?
How to groom the Cirneco dell’Etna and how often?
Easy to groom: The Cirneco dell’Etna doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Cirneco dell’Etna is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level |
How much do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Cirneco? Cirneco dell’Etna shedding level:
Cirneco dell’Etnas shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Cirneco dell’Etna dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
What kind of personality does the Cirneco dell’Etna have? What characteristics does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Cirneco dell’Etna? Are they intelligent?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Cirneco dell’Etna obey for the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
Are Cirneco dell’Etna dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
Cirneco dell’Etnas, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Cirneco dell’Etna sensitivity:
Cirneco dell’Etnas don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered as an aloof dog.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Cirneco need? Cirneco dell’Etna social needs:
Cirneco dell’Etnas are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs bark a lot? Why does my Cirneco bark?
Low to Average: The Cirneco dell’Etna rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Cirneco dell’Etna good as a watchdog?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are not the best to protect their territory. Better to have the protection of your house and property supervised by others.
Biting Potential |
Do Cirneco dell’Etna bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Cirneco? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Cirneco dell’Etna? Why do dog bites happen?
The Cirneco dell’Etna has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Cirneco dell’Etna do?
Cirneco dell’Etnas have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Cirneco dell’Etnas need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Cirneco dell’Etna to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Cirneco dell’Etna roam?
Cirneco dell’Etnas tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Cirneco dell’Etna have high prey drive?
Cirneco dell’Etnas have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Cirneco dell’Etna good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Cirneco dell’Etnas adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Cirneco dell’Etnas do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog |
Where Cirneco dell’Etna dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
|Not really |
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they friendly with strangers?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly |
Are Cirneco dell’Etna dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Cirneco dell’Etna and children:
Cirneco dell’Etnas are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly |
Is Cirneco dell’Etna good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Cirneco dell’Etna can be a great choice.
Office Friendly |
Are Cirneco dell’Etnas good office dogs? Do Cirneco dell’Etnas make good office friendly dogs? Can Cirneco dell’Etnas be office dogs?
Cirneco dell’Etna is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Cirneco temperament with senior people? Are Cirneco dell’Etna dogs good for elderly owners?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs get along with other pets? Are Cirneco dell’Etna dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Cirneco dell’Etna breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Cirneco dell’Etna be a service dog?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Cirneco dell’Etna is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Cirneco dell’Etna be a therapy dog?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Cirneco dell’Etna is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Cirneco dell’Etna be a sniffer dog?
|Not really |
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Cirneco dell’Etna is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Cirneco dell’Etna be a search and rescue dog?
|Not really |
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Cirneco dell’Etna is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Cirneco dell’Etna be a boat dog?
|Not really |
Cirneco dell’Etna breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Cirneco dell’Etna be a drafting dog?
|Not really |
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Cirneco dell’Etna is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy breed? Do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs have health problems?
Cirneco dell’Etnas tend to have a lot and frequent health issues. Regular vet check-ups are essential with this breed.
Life Expectancy |
How long do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Cirneco dell’Etna be?
Is the Cirneco dell’Etna breed hypoallergenic?
Cirneco dell’Etnas don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Cirneco dell’Etna have?
Cirneco dell’Etnas have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Exercise Need |
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Cirneco dell’Etna dogs require per day?
Cirneco dell’Etnas need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does this fido need?
Cirneco dell’Etnas are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption |
How much food does the Cirneco dell’Etna need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
|1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Cirneco dell’Etna risk for obesity:
Low to Average. The Cirneco dell’Etna has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight change, consult your veterinarian to make a meal plan, and measure the Cirneco dell’Etna's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
|Prefers average to warm weather conditions|
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Cirneco dell’Etna has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency |
Does the Cirneco dell’Etna drool?
The Cirneco dell’Etna is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Gestation Length |
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
Reproductive cycle of the female Cirneco dell’Etna: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
|How often can the Cirneco dell’Etna have a litter?||Once a year.|
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Cirneco dell’Etna have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
Pros & Cons of Cirneco dell’Etna
- Trainability: Cirneco dell’Etnas are easy to train.
- Apartment Friendly: Cirneco dell’Etnas are very apartment-friendly dogs.
- Grooming: Easy to groom: The Cirneco dell’Etna doesn't require a lot of grooming.
- Shedding Level: Cirneco dell’Etnas shed none to minimal.
- Weight Gain Potential: Low to Average.
- Mouthiness: Cirneco dell’Etnas have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Impulse to Wander or Roam: Cirneco dell’Etnas tend to escape less than other breeds.
- Adaptability: Cirneco dell’Etnas adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
- Child Friendly: Cirneco dell’Etnas are kid-friendly dogs.
- Dog Friendly: Cirneco dell’Etnas are very dog-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Cirneco dell’Etnas are usually recommended for elderly people.
- Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
- Health Issues: Cirneco dell’Etnas tend to have a lot and frequent health issues.
- Hypoallergenic: Cirneco dell’Etnas don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
- Tolerates Being Left Alone: Cirneco dell’Etnas do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
- Office Friendly: Cirneco dell’Etna is not the best dog breed for office environment.
- Good For First Time Owners: Cirneco dell’Etnas are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.