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Combai Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Combai so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank276
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OriginIndia flagIndia
Other Names
What other names does the Combai have?
Indian Boar HoundIndian BoardogKombai
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?

Combai Size and Weight

Is a Combai small, medium or large dog?

How big do Combai get?

What is the average size of a Combai?

How much does the Combai weigh? How much should a Combai weight? What is the normal weight of a Combai? How much does a full-grown Combai weight?
Male: 66 - 77 pounds (30-35 kg), Female: 62-73 pounds (28-33 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Combai?
Male: 70.5 pounds (32.5 kg), Female: 67.5 pounds (30.5 kg)
How tall is the Combai? Combai height:
Male: 23-26 inches (58-66 cm), 21 - 24 inches (53-61 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Combai?
Male: 24.5 inches (62 cm), 22.5 inches (57 cm)

Combai Price and Availability

How much does the Combai puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Combai in the United States? How much money is a Combai?

Where to buy a Combai with a good pedigree?

If you choose to purchase the Combai, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Combai for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Combai gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Combai? How many Combai are there in the world?
Average: The Combai is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.

Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.

Combai Trainability and Intelligence

Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Combai? Is the Combai breed dumb or smart?
Smart: The Combai dogs have great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.

The Combai is among the smartest dogs in the intelligence ranking.

Are Combai dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Combai?
Combai dogs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Watchdog Ability
Is Combai good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Combai dogs are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Combai dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Combai dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Combai dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Combai can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Combai will take care of unwanted people or animals.

Combai Personality and Temperament

What kind of personality does the Combai have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Combai sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Combai dogs don't tolerate irregular daily routines, noisy households, and frequent guest visits really well.

They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Combai a good family dog?
Slightly Below Average: Combai dogs may seem unfriendly sometimes due to their independence. Their happiness doesn't depend on their owner's emotional level.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Indian Boar Hound need? Combai social needs:
Combai dogs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Combai to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Combai roam?
Combai dogs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Combai have high prey drive?
Combai dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Combai dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.

Combai Activity and Playfulness

How playful is this breed?
Combais are not the most playful dog breed. Sometimes they do like playing, but that's not their favorite activity.
Do Combai dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Indian Boar Hound bark?
A lot: Combai is a particularly loud breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. If you want a quiet dog, not the best choice.

The main triggers for barking are fear, attention, alarm, boredom, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking, and defense.

Apartment Friendly
Is Combai good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Combai in an apartment?
Not an apartment-friendly dog the Combai breed. If you don't have a garden, think carefully about your decision, keeping Combai indoors can cause a lot of problems.

Combai Adaptability and Independence

Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Combai dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Combai be left alone? How long can you leave a Combai alone?
Combai dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

Combai Bite Characteristics

Bite Force PSI
Does the Combai has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Combai? How much bite force does a Combai have? How strong is a Combai bite?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Combai bite force: Ordinary. Bite force Combai measurements typically fall within the range of 200 to 400 PSI. The bite force of a Combai is considered ordinary when compared to other dog breeds, but it is still quite powerful. This Combai bite force PSI can cause bite wounds. Combai bite PSI is not something that should be feared if the dog is well-trained and managed. To avoid any issues, it's essential to learn how to train a Combai puppy not to bite from an early age.

The Combai, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

In conclusion, while the Combai bite force is certainly an interesting aspect of the breed, it is important not to let it overshadow the many other reasons why these dogs are so loved and respected. With proper training and socialization, a Combai can be a loyal and protective companion for your family.

Biting Potential
Do Combai bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Indian Boar Hound? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Combai? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Combai has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Combai do?
Combai dogs have an average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Combai dogs need to be taught a good attitude.

Combai Health and Lifespan

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Combai dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Very healthy dog breed. The Combai rarely meets with the veterinarian.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Combai breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Combai breed? Most common health risks of Combai:
Dermatitis Hip Dysplasia
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Combai breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Combai see the vet?
The Combai should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Combai dogs live? How old can a Combai be? What is the age limit of the Combai? How many years can the oldest Combai live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Combai?

How long is the lifespan of a Combai?

11-15 years
The average lifespan of Combai: 13 years
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Different dogs have different preferences when it comes to weather conditions. However, in general, most dogs prefer average to warm weather conditions, as they typically find hot weather conditions to be uncomfortable and taxing.

Combai Energy and Activity

Energy Level
How much energy does the Combai have? What is the activity level of the Combai?
Combai dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Combai need? How much exercise do Combai dogs require per day?

Do Combai dogs need a lot of exercises?

Combai dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Combai breed need?
Combai dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.

Combai Diet and Weight Management

Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Combai need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Combai breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Combai? How much food should I feed my Combai?
4 to 5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Combai risk for obesity:
Low to Average: The Combai has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Combai weight regularly.

Combai Allergies and Grooming

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Combai have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Combai coats?
Tan & Reddish Brown
How to groom the Combai and how often? How often should I take my Combai to the groomer?
Easy to groom: The Combai doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Combai is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Combai dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Indian Boar Hound? Do Combai dogs shed a lot?
Combai dogs are low shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Combai need a bath? How often should you give a Combai a bath? Can I bathe my Combai every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time.

Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Is the Combai breed hypoallergenic?
Combai dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions. Some dog breeds are even considered to higher possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?


The Combai has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Combai drool?
The Combai is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Combai could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Combai.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Combai Good With

Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Combai dogs get along with other pets? Are Combai dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Combai dogs do best when they’re the only pet at the family.
Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Combai temperament with other people:
Combai dogs are not stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Combai dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Combai temperament with children:
Combai dogs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Combai dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Combai breed live with a cat?
Combai dogs are not cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Combai good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Combai dogs get along with other dogs?
Combai dogs are not dog-friendly. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Combai is not the best choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Combai breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Combai breed suitable for first-time owners?
Combai dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Combai dogs good office canines? Do Combai dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Combai is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Combai dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Indian Boar Hound temperament with senior people? Are Combai dogs good for elderly owners?
Combais are usually recommended for elderly people.

Combai As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Combai be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Combai is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Combai be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Combai be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Combai is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Combai be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Combai is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Combai be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Combai is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Combai be a boat dog?

Not really

Combai breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Combai be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Combai is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Combai dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Combai Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Combai pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Combai breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Combai: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Combai have in a litter? How many puppies can the Combai breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Combai have? How many puppies can a Combai give birth to?
3-8 puppies

Combai Recognition

AKC Group
Is Combai recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Combai recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Combai breed?
Dog Registry of America Inc.

Combai Pros and Cons

  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: The Combai dogs have great intelligence.
  • Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Combai doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Combai dogs are low shedders.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Combai is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Low to Average: The Combai has a low to the average risk for obesity.
  • Watchdog Ability: Combai dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Combai dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Combai dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Combais are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Combai dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Hypoallergenic: Combai dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions.
  • Apartment Friendly: Not an apartment-friendly dog the Combai breed.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Combai dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Cat Friendly: Combai dogs are not cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Combai dogs are not dog-friendly.
  • Office Friendly: Combai is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Combai History

The Combai, often mistaken for the Dingo, is an ancient sighthound breed, that is thought to have been originated from the 15th century, or even from earlier. The breed can find its origins in Tamil Nadu, India, where it was first intentionally bred. The Combai, or in its other name the Kombai, was always greatly valued for their strengths and eagerness to please and employed them to hunt larger game like wild boar, deer, bears, and even more dangerous larger animals such as leopards, lions, and tigers.

According to some popular beliefs, the Combai was used by the army of the Marudhu brothers, who were also known as the Marudhu Pandiars. They headed the revolt against the British subjugation of the Kalaiar Koil of the Sivakasi Kingdom at the beginning of the 19th century. Throughout the centuries the dogs were kept mostly by the nobility of Southern India who used them mainly for hunting. The Combai was thought to be extremely talented at bear hunting and was commonly known as Bear Hound or Bear Dog. It was said that Indian people valued the Combai so much, that they often traded a horse for it during the transaction of products, or wealth. As the centuries passed by, the Indian nobility slowly lost a great deal of their power, thus the Combai’s role transformed to being a guard dog for rural farmers and ranchers. In India, the population explosion and the change of needs and habits pushed the remaining larger prey to their limits, thus, suddenly the Combai was left with no specific purpose. As there was nothing to hunt, the dogs became guards of people and property. During these dramatic changes, the Combai’s population numbers began to decrease, and they have never recovered since then.

Nowadays, the Combai is considered to be a rare breed, and many experts are stating that the breed is already on the verge of extinction, due to neglect, and lack of use. Many Indian dog breeds are being dominated by the European and American breeds, that many people see as more fashionable or valuable than their indigenous breeds. However, there are conflicting documents and records existing about the status of the breed. Some records recovered from the 1960s state that the breed was popular, and their numbers were increasing, meanwhile, other documents are depicting a rather sad image of the breed’s population status, and its prospective. Fortunately, the Tamil Nadu-state-run facility responsible for dog-breeding took up the responsibility of trying to recover and re-establish the breed’s original population pool. Nevertheless, it was reported that the organization suspended their Combai breeding program, when owners who purchased dogs, have returned them for the reason of finding their behavioral traits and overall character ill-suited to as keeping pets.

All in all, the Combai is among the rarest dog breeds in the world, and the fact that they are not recognized by any of the major kennel clubs does not help their cause. Nowadays, the remaining specimens are mostly kept in Asia and in the United States of America, where people tend to keep them as family companions. Today, the Combai is still known and renowned for their fierce behavior towards their enemies, and intense loyalty to their families.

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Combai Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Sumangal shenoy

    Mar 12, 2023, 11:56:18 AM:

    I too had combai dog ,, i love combai,,