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Greenland Dog Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Greenland Dog so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Sled Dogs
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Greenland Dog
OriginGreenland
Other Names
What other names does the Greenland Dog have? The dog breed also known as...
Gronlandshunden, Greenland Husky
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Greenland Dog recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Greenland Dog recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Nordic Sledge Dogs section.
Price
How much does the Greenland Dog puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Greenland Dog price:
$500-$800
If you choose to purchase the Greenland Dog, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Greenland Dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Greenland Dog gets to a happy place.

Greenland Dog History

Origins

12000 years ago, the first dogs arrived in America. However, people and their canines did not settle in the Arctic until the Paleo-Eskimo people 4500 years ago and then the Thule people 1000 years ago, both originating from Siberia. Around 4000 years ago, dogs first appeared in Greenland. Inuit dogs from Canada (Canadian Eskimo Dog) and Greenland (Greenland Dog) are descendants of Thule dogs, who relied on them for transportation. In 2015, a study using a number of genetic markers found that these dogs were the same dog and should not be treated as separate breeds, that they have an indigenous heritage that predates colonization and the timing corresponds with the arrival of the Thule people, and they were distinct from Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Huskies, and Malamutes. The Inuit dogs’ maternal mitochondrial DNA sequences were classed as haplotype A31, which implies a common female ancestor. This haplotype was not discovered in other modern dogs, but the closest match was a 1000 years old dog from Florida. According to a DNA study published in 2020, Greenland sled dogs have been kept isolated from other breeds since their arrival in Greenland with the Inuit people. Their lineage traces more genomic history than other arctic breeds to their ancestor’s remains which were found on Zhokhov Island, arctic northern-eastern Siberia, and dated to be 9500 years old.

Today

The Greenland Dog is a large-breed of husky-type dog kept as a sled dog today. It is considered nationally and culturally important to Greenland and efforts are constantly in the making to safeguard its purity. It is unlawful to import any dog from outside, except for police and assistance dogs with a special permit, and all dogs must be microchipped and registered in the Greenland dog database since 2017. Such limitations do not exist in the southwest, and dog purity is not maintained. As the population has declined, a variety of projects have been launched in an attempt to preserve the tradition, knowledge, and use of dog sledding in Greenland, as well as the breed itself.

Furthermore, as we already know, for years the Greenland Dog has been used as a draught animal, and as a result, the breed has acquired a robust body and thick coat, as well as a natural capacity for load pulling and endurance in a difficult working environment. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer of polar regions, used Greenland Dogs to great success on his 1912 expedition to the Antarctic, where he became the first person to reach the South Pole. However, throughout the expedition, several dogs died as he started with more than they technically needed to pull the sleds, so he killed them along the way to use as food for the other dogs.

Recognition

Currently, these dogs are not recognized by the American Kennel Club. However, the United Kennel Club recognized the breed as a working breed and classifies the breed as a Northern Breed. The FCI and the Canadian Club also recognized the breed. While they are gradually becoming popular outside of its homeland, it is still not common, only in Greenland.

Greenland Dog General Appearance & Basic Info

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Greenland Dog size:
Large
Weight
How much does the Greenland Dog weigh? Greenland Dog weight:
66-70 pounds (30-32 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Greenland Dog? Greenland Dog average weight:
68 pounds (31 kg)
Height
How tall is the Greenland Dog? Greenland Dog height:
22-25 inches (56-64 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Greenland Dog average height:
23.5 inches (60 cm)

Greenland Dog Hair & Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Greenland Dog have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
ThickDouble
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Greenland Dog's coat?
WhiteGrayBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Greenland Dog and how often?
Effortless: The Greenland Dog requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Greenland Dog is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Greenland Dog dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Gronlandshunden? Greenland Dog shedding level:
Greenland Dogs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Greenland Dog Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Greenland Dog have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
EnergeticIndependentFriendlyBoldLoyal
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Greenland Dog? Are they intelligent?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Greenland Dog obey for the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
Trainability
Are Greenland Dog dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Greenland Dogs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Greenland Dogs, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Greenland Dog sensitivity:
Greenland Dogs are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well. They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, noisy or office environment and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Greenland Dogs are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely to their owners.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Gronlandshunden need? Greenland Dog social needs:
Greenland Dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Greenland Dog dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Greenland Husky bark?
Average to high: The Greenland Dog is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Greenland Dog good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Greenland Dogs are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Greenland Dog dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Greenland Dogs strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Greenland Dog bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Gronlandshunden? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Greenland Dog? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Greenland Dog has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Greenland Dog do?
Greenland Dogs have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Greenland Dogs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Greenland Dog to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Greenland Dog roam?
Wanderlust potential of the Greenland Dog is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Greenland Dog have high prey drive?
Greenland Dogs have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
Apartment Friendly
Is Greenland Dog good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Greenland Dog kutyafajtát. Kertben érzi magát a legjobban, ha mégis lakásban szeretnéd tartani, akkor napi szinten hosszabb sétákkal alaposan le kell mozgatni, így a napi rutinok beiktatásával megoldható Greenland Dog tartása lakásban.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Greenland Dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where Greenland Dog dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Greenland Dog Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Greenland Dog temperament with other people:
Greenland Dogs are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Greenland Dog dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Greenland Dog temperament with children:
Greenland Dogs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Greenland Dog dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Greenland Dogs are cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Greenland Dog good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Greenland Dog dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Greenland Dogs are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Greenland Dog can be a great choice.
Office Friendly
Are Greenland Dogs good office dogs? Do Greenland Dogs make good office friendly dogs? Can Greenland Dogs be office dogs?
No
Greenland Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Greenland Dog dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Gronlandshunden temperament with senior people? Are Greenland Dog dogs good for elderly owners?
Greenland Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Greenland Dog dogs get along with other pets? Are Greenland Dog dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Greenland Dogs are usually friendly towards other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Greenland Dog breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Greenland Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Greenland Dog be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Greenland Dog is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Greenland Dog be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Greenland Dog be an emotional support animal?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Greenland Dog is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Greenland Dog be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Greenland Dog is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Greenland Dog be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Greenland Dog is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Greenland Dog be a boat dog?
Not really
Greenland Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Greenland Dog be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Greenland Dog is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Greenland Dog Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Greenland Dog dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Greenland Dog is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Greenland Dog breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Greenland Dog breed? Most common health risks of Greenland Dog:
BloatEar InfectionsElbow DysplasiaGlaucomaHip DysplasiaPrimary Lens LuxationProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Life Expectancy
How long do Greenland Dog dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Greenland Dog be?
12-14 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Greenland Dog breed hypoallergenic?
No
Greenland Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Greenland Dog have? What is the activity level of the Greenland Dog?
Greenland Dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Greenland Dog dogs require per day?
Greenland Dogs need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Greenland Dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Greenland Dog need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
4 to 5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Greenland Dog risk for obesity:
Average. The Greenland Dog has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Greenland Dog's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Greenland Dog can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Greenland Dog has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Greenland Dog drool?
The Greenland Dog is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Greenland Dog Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Greenland Dog: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Greenland Dog have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Greenland Dog have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Greenland Dog Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Greenland Dog requires minimal grooming.
  • Mouthiness: Greenland Dogs have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Child Friendly: Greenland Dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Greenland Dogs are cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Greenland Dogs are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Greenland Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Greenland Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
  • Hypoallergenic: Greenland Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Greenland Dog kutyafajtát.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Greenland Dog is strong enough to escape from home.
  • Office Friendly: Greenland Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.

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