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Jämthund Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Jämthund so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank301
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Jämthund dog profile picture
OriginSweden flagSweden
Other Names
What other names does the Jämthund have?
Swedish Elkhound
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?

Jämthund Size and Weight

Is a Jämthund small, medium or large dog?

How big do Jämthund get?

What is the average size of a Jämthund?

How much does the Jämthund weigh? How much should a Jämthund weight? What is the normal weight of a Jämthund? How much does a full-grown Jämthund weight?
Male: 50-65 pounds (23-30 kg), Female: 50-65 pounds (23-30 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Jämthund?
Male: 57.5 pounds (26.5 kg), Female: 57.5 pounds (26.5 kg)
How tall is the Jämthund? Jämthund height:
22–26 inches (57–65 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Jämthund?
24 inches (61 cm)

Jämthund Price and Availability

How much does the Jämthund puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Jämthund in the United States? How much money is a Jämthund?

Where to buy a Jämthund with a good pedigree?

If you choose to purchase the Jämthund, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Jämthund for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Jämthund gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Jämthund? How many Jämthund are there in the world?
Average: The Jämthund is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.

Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.

Jämthund Trainability and Intelligence

Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Jämthund? Is the Jämthund breed dumb or smart?
Very smart: Jämthund is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 85% of the time or better.

The Jämthund is one of the top breeds in the dog intelligence ranking.

Are Jämthund dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Jämthund?
Jämthund dogs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Watchdog Ability
Is Jämthund good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Jämthund dogs are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Jämthund dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Jämthund dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Jämthund dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Jämthund can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Jämthund will take care of unwanted people or animals.

Jämthund Personality and Temperament

What kind of personality does the Jämthund have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Jämthund sensitivity:
Jämthund dogs are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well.

They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, a noisy or office environment, and frequent guest visits.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Jämthund a good family dog?
Average to High: Jämthund dogs are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Swedish Elkhound need? Jämthund social needs:
Jämthund dogs are kinda antisocial. This breed doesn't like being around people all the time, they tolerate being left alone.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Jämthund to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Jämthund roam?
Jämthund dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Jämthund have high prey drive?
Jämthund dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Jämthund dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.

Jämthund Activity and Playfulness

How playful is this breed?
The Jämthund is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Do Jämthund dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Swedish Elkhound bark?
A lot: Jämthund is a particularly loud breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. If you want a quiet dog, not the best choice.

The main triggers for barking are fear, attention, alarm, boredom, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking, and defense.

Apartment Friendly
Is Jämthund good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Jämthund in an apartment?
Not an apartment-friendly dog the Jämthund breed. If you don't have a garden, think carefully about your decision, keeping Jämthund indoors can cause a lot of problems.

Jämthund Adaptability and Independence

Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Jämthund dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Jämthund be left alone? How long can you leave a Jämthund alone?
Jämthund dogs handle alone time quite well. They are not prone to have separation anxiety.

Jämthund Bite Characteristics

Bite Force PSI
Does the Jämthund has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Jämthund? How much bite force does a Jämthund have? How strong is a Jämthund bite?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Jämthund bite force: Ordinary. Bite force Jämthund measurements typically fall within the range of 200 to 400 PSI. The bite force of a Jämthund is considered ordinary when compared to other dog breeds, but it is still quite powerful. This Jämthund bite force PSI can cause bite wounds. Jämthund bite PSI is not something that should be feared if the dog is well-trained and managed. To avoid any issues, it's essential to learn how to train a Jämthund puppy not to bite from an early age.

The Jämthund, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

In conclusion, while the Jämthund bite force is certainly an interesting aspect of the breed, it is important not to let it overshadow the many other reasons why these dogs are so loved and respected. With proper training and socialization, a Jämthund can be a loyal and protective companion for your family.

Biting Potential
Do Jämthund bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Swedish Elkhound? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Jämthund? Why do dog bites happen?


The Jämthund has an average chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Jämthund do?
Jämthund dogs have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Jämthund dogs need to be taught a good attitude.

Jämthund Health and Lifespan

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Jämthund dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Jämthunds are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Jämthund breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Jämthund breed? Most common health risks of Jämthund:
Hip Dysplasia DiabetesHeart DiseaseSkin AllergiesObesityLiver IssuesHearing Issues
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Jämthund breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Jämthund see the vet?
The Jämthund should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Jämthund dogs live? How old can a Jämthund be? What is the age limit of the Jämthund? How many years can the oldest Jämthund live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Jämthund?

How long is the lifespan of a Jämthund?

12-14 years
The average lifespan of Jämthund: 13 years
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers cold weather
The Jämthund can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog. Dogs can suffer from frostbite and hypothermia in extremely cold weather, so it is important to take precautions to keep your dog safe and comfortable during the winter months.

Jämthund Energy and Activity

Energy Level
How much energy does the Jämthund have? What is the activity level of the Jämthund?
Jämthund dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Jämthund need? How much exercise do Jämthund dogs require per day?

Do Jämthund dogs need a lot of exercises?

Jämthund dogs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long ones on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Jämthund breed need?
Jämthund dogs don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.

Jämthund Diet and Weight Management

Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Jämthund need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Jämthund breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Jämthund? How much food should I feed my Jämthund?
2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Jämthund risk for obesity:
Average: The Jämthund has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Jämthund weight regularly.

Jämthund Allergies and Grooming

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Jämthund have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Jämthund coats?
Grey Dark GreyLight Grey
How to groom the Jämthund and how often? How often should I take my Jämthund to the groomer?
Average: The Jämthund requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Jämthund, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do Jämthund dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Swedish Elkhound? Do Jämthund dogs shed a lot?
Jämthund dogs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Jämthund need a bath? How often should you give a Jämthund a bath? Can I bathe my Jämthund every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing.

Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Is the Jämthund breed hypoallergenic?
Jämthund dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions. Some dog breeds are even considered to higher possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?


The Jämthund has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Jämthund drool?
The Jämthund drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool more than others, just like the Jämthund.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Jämthund Good With

Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Jämthund dogs get along with other pets? Are Jämthund dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Jämthund dogs are generally with other pets.
Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Jämthund temperament with other people:
Jämthund dogs are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Jämthund dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Jämthund temperament with children:
Jämthund dogs are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Jämthund dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Jämthund breed live with a cat?
Jämthund dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Jämthund good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Jämthund dogs get along with other dogs?
Jämthund dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Jämthund is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Jämthund breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Jämthund breed suitable for first-time owners?
Jämthund dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Jämthund dogs good office canines? Do Jämthund dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Jämthund is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Jämthund dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Swedish Elkhound temperament with senior people? Are Jämthund dogs good for elderly owners?
Jämthunds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

Jämthund As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Jämthund be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Jämthund is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Jämthund be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Jämthund be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Jämthund is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Jämthund be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Jämthund is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Jämthund be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Jämthund is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Jämthund be a boat dog?

Not really

Jämthund breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Jämthund be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Jämthund is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Jämthund dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Jämthund Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Jämthund pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Jämthund breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Jämthund: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Jämthund have in a litter? How many puppies can the Jämthund breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Jämthund have? How many puppies can a Jämthund give birth to?
4-6 puppies

Jämthund Recognition

AKC Group
Is Jämthund recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Jämthund recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.

Jämthund Pros and Cons

  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Jämthund is an excellent dog breed.
  • Health Issues: Jämthunds are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Watchdog Ability: Jämthund dogs are good watchdogs.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Jämthund dogs handle alone time quite well.
  • Child Friendly: Jämthund dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Jämthunds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Jämthund dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Hypoallergenic: Jämthund dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions.
  • Apartment Friendly: Not an apartment-friendly dog the Jämthund breed.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Jämthund drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
  • Mouthiness: Jämthund dogs have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Jämthund dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Dog Friendly: Jämthund dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Jämthund is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Jämthund History

Although, Jamthund’s ancestry date back to prehistoric times when northern Sweden was colonized from the west (Norwegian coast) and from the east (Finland) it was only officially recognized as its own separate breed in 1946. Before that, they were grouped in the same categories as Norwegian Elkhounds and Grahunds.

The breed is named after a region in Sweden, Jamtland. It is an approximately 50,000 square kilometer district situated in the middle of Sweden near to the Sweden-Norwegian border. Although Jämtland has a temperate climate and belongs to the temperate zone's northernmost area it is one of the coldest regions in Sweden with an average daily high temperature of only 7 degrees centigrade.

Jamthunds are members of the Spitz family, dogs from this family are rare, gorgeous and only found in the harshest of Arctic climates around the world, like Scandinavia, Russia, and Canada. Because of their natural climate, as a product of their environment they build warm and thick coats, which is also waterproof, designed to send heavy snowfalls effortlessly rolling off their backs. Jamthund heads are wedged shaped to withstand harsh and high-speed winds, and their flexible and enduring gait permits them to run over rugged terrain for miles on end. The perfect, hardy wilderness dog, Jamthunds are built to conquer the impassable wildernesses of the Nordic world.

It is important to note there are little differences between the Jamthund and the Norwegian Elkhounds. Both undoubtedly share the same ancestry in their early history. It is hard for historians to pinpoint the exact time when the two breeds deviated from one another.

In the timeframe around 1942, a man named Aksel Lindstrom discovered his favorite Nordic dog breed, the Swedish Elkhound, which later became the Jamthund, was almost extinct as only a few of his countrymen were making an effort to distinguish the different Elkhound breeds.

Rate The Jämthund Breed

Jämthund Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Pharaoh Hound

    Mar 29, 2021, 11:53:39 PM:

    Adaptable and affectionate, these pups are majestic and beautiful.

  • Golden Retriever

    Mar 29, 2021, 11:36:04 PM:

    Beautiful and majestic creatures. Very loyal but if you want a guard dog this is not the dog for you! There jus TO FRIENDLY!!!!!!!!!!