Smooth Collie Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Smooth Collie so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Pastoral / Herding Dogs
Popularity Rank354
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Smooth Collie dog profile picture
OriginScotland flagScotland
Other Names
What other names does the Smooth Collie have?
Short-Haired Collie
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Photo Gallery of the Smooth Collie Breed

Smooth Collie Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Smooth Collie puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Smooth Collie in the United States? How much money is a Smooth Collie?

Where to buy a Smooth Collie with a good pedigree?

$400-$600
If you choose to purchase the Smooth Collie, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Smooth Collie for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Smooth Collie gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Smooth Collie? How many Smooth Collie are there in the world?
Average: The Smooth Collie is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.

Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.

Smooth Collie Size

Size
Is a Smooth Collie small, medium or large dog?

How big do Smooth Collie get?

What is the average size of a Smooth Collie?

Large
Weight
How much does the Smooth Collie weigh? How much should a Smooth Collie weight? What is the normal weight of a Smooth Collie? How much does a full-grown Smooth Collie weight?
Male: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg), Female: 53-65 pounds (24-29 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Smooth Collie?
Male: 67.5 pounds (30.5 kg), Female: 57.5 pounds (26 kg)
Height
How tall is the Smooth Collie? Smooth Collie height:
Male: 24–26 inch (60–66 cm), Female: 22–24 inch (55–61 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Smooth Collie?
Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm)

Smooth Collie Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Smooth Collie have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
DenseThickFlat
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Smooth Collie's coat?
Black & White & TanBlue & MerleBlue & Merle & WhiteSableSable & WhiteWhiteWhite & MerleMerle
Grooming
How to groom the Smooth Collie and how often? How often should I take my Smooth Collie to the groomer?
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition. The Smooth Collie requires grooming on a daily basis.

Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer is essential. Everyday brushing of the dog's coat is necessary to reduce shedding.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath should be on a weekly schedule.

Taking good care of your Smooth Collie is time-consuming and requires excellent grooming skills. If you don't have the time and skill search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Smooth Collie dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Short-Haired Collie? Do Smooth Collie dogs shed a lot?
Smooth Collies are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Smooth Collie need a bath? How often should you give a Smooth Collie a bath? Can I bathe my Smooth Collie every day?
6-8 weeks
Rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.

Smooth Collie Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Smooth Collie have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
FriendlyGentleIntelligentLoyalProtectiveResponsiveSocial
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Smooth Collie? Is the Smooth Collie breed dumb or smart?
Very smart: Smooth Collie is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 85% of the time or better.

The Smooth Collie is one of the top breeds in the dog intelligence ranking.

Trainability
Are Smooth Collie dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Smooth Collie?
Smooth Collies are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Smooth Collie is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Smooth Collie sensitivity:
Sensitive: Smooth Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits.

This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Smooth Collie a good family dog?
High: Smooth Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Short-Haired Collie need? Smooth Collie social needs:
Smooth Collies need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Smooth Collie dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Short-Haired Collie bark?
Average to High: The Smooth Collie is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Watchdog Ability
Is Smooth Collie good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Smooth Collies are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Smooth Collie dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Smooth Collie dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Smooth Collies are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Smooth Collie can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Smooth Collie will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Smooth Collie bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Short-Haired Collie? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Smooth Collie? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Smooth Collie has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Smooth Collie has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Smooth Collie? How much bite force does a Smooth Collie have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Smooth Collie bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Smooth Collie, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Smooth Collie do?
Smooth Collies have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Smooth Collies need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Smooth Collie to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Smooth Collie roam?
Smooth Collies are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance of escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Smooth Collie have high prey drive?
Smooth Collies have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Smooth Collies are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Smooth Collie good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Smooth Collie in an apartment?
It is not the best choice if you want to keep them indoors, however, with careful exercise and several walks a day, they will tolerate the indoor environment, so it is possible to keep Smooth Collie indoors.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Smooth Collies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Smooth Collie be left alone? How long can you leave a Smooth Collie alone?
Smooth Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

Smooth Collie Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Smooth Collie temperament with other people:
Smooth Collies are stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Smooth Collie dogs get along with other pets? Are Smooth Collie dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Smooth Collies are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Child Friendly
Are Smooth Collie dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Smooth Collie temperament with children:
Smooth Collies are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Smooth Collie dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Smooth Collie breed live with a cat?
Smooth Collies are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Smooth Collie good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Smooth Collie dogs get along with other dogs?
Smooth Collies are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Smooth Collie can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Smooth Collie breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Smooth Collie breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
Smooth Collies are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Smooth Collies good office dogs? Do Smooth Collies make good office friendly dogs? Can Smooth Collies be office dogs?
No
Smooth Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Smooth Collie dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Short-Haired Collie temperament with senior people? Are Smooth Collie dogs good for elderly owners?
Smooth Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

Smooth Collie Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Smooth Collie dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Smooth Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Smooth Collie breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Smooth Collie breed? Most common health risks of Smooth Collie:
Collie Eye AnomalyDrug SensitivityGray Collie SyndromeHip DysplasiaProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Smooth Collie breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Smooth Collie see the vet?
Average
The Smooth Collie should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Smooth Collie dogs live? How old can a Smooth Collie be? What is the age limit of the Smooth Collie? How many years can the oldest Smooth Collie live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Smooth Collie?

How long is the lifespan of a Smooth Collie?

14-16 years
The average lifespan of Smooth Collie: 15 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Smooth Collie breed hypoallergenic?
No
Smooth Collies don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Smooth Collie have? What is the activity level of the Smooth Collie?
Smooth Collies have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Smooth Collie need? How much exercise do Smooth Collie dogs require per day?

Do Smooth Collie dogs need a lot of exercises?

Smooth Collies need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Smooth Collie breed need?
Smooth Collies sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered a lazy breed.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Smooth Collie need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Smooth Collie breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Smooth Collie? How much food should I feed my Smooth Collie?
2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Smooth Collie risk for obesity:
Average: The Smooth Collie has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Smooth Collie's weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Different dogs have different preferences when it comes to weather conditions. However, in general, most dogs prefer average to warm weather conditions, as they typically find hot weather conditions to be uncomfortable and taxing.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Smooth Collie has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Smooth Collie drool?
The Smooth Collie is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Smooth Collie could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Smooth Collie.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Smooth Collie As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Smooth Collie be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Yes

This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Smooth Collie breed is a good choice for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Smooth Collie be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Smooth Collie be an emotional support animal?

Yes

This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Smooth Collie breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Smooth Collie be a sniffer dog?

Yes

After proper training, they can excel at this kind of work. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Smooth Collie breed is a good choice for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Smooth Collie be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Smooth Collie is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Smooth Collie be a boat dog?

Not really

Smooth Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Smooth Collie be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Smooth Collie is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Smooth Collie dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Smooth Collie Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Smooth Collie pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Smooth Collie breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Smooth Collie: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Smooth Collie have in a litter? How many puppies can the Smooth Collie breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Smooth Collie have? How many puppies can a Smooth Collie give birth to?
4-8 puppies

Smooth Collie Recognition

AKC Group
Is Smooth Collie recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Is Smooth Collie recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Smooth Collie breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club

Smooth Collie Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Smooth Collie is an excellent dog breed.
  • Trainability: Smooth Collies are very easy to train.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Smooth Collie is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Smooth Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Smooth Collies are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Smooth Collies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Smooth Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Smooth Collies are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Smooth Collies are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Smooth Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Smooth Collies are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
  • Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog: After proper training, they can excel at this kind of work.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Smooth Collies don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Grooming: Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
  • Shedding Level: Smooth Collies are heavy shedders.
  • Mouthiness: Smooth Collies have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Smooth Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Smooth Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Smooth Collie History

The Smooth Collie’s origins can be traced back to Wales and Scotland. Experts suggest that the Romans brought herding dogs with them to Scotland during their conquest of Britain as early as the 5th century. These dogs are thought to be bred over the centuries for function, as they were mostly working and herding dogs. Later on, as the appearance of a dog started to gain more attention, breeders began to put more emphasis on their looks. The Scottish variety was a strong and large dog, with aggressive traits and it was created to herd highland sheep. On the other hand, in Wales, the Collie was a lot smaller, and more agile, friendly breed, which was bred to herd goats too. English breeders started to cross-bred these two, and eventually achieved a nice balance between the two breeds’ characteristics, traits. This mix led to the Collie varieties we know today, the Rough and the Smooth Collie. Although, the origin of their name is not that clear. Some believe that it comes from the Anglo-Saxon word “coll” which means black, for the reason that the first Collies used to be black. According to another theory, the name derives from the word “Colley” which was the breed of sheep that the breed first started to herd officially.

The Collie’s deep and rich history was created under the reign of Queen Victoria, who had abiding love and devotion for Scotland and its creatures. In the second half of the 19th century, during many of Queen Victoria’s extended stays at the Balmoral Castle on the Scottish Highlands, she managed to popularize the local herding breed among her class and the nobility. Her devotion and enthusiasm for the breed started their transformation from being a humble shepherd dog to a world-known canine breed. The earliest illustrations of the breed were found from around 1800, in woodcuts in the history of quadrupeds by Thomas Beswick.

After the first wave of the Industrial Revolution in Britain, it became fashionable to keep dogs as companions. Collies were crossbred with the Borzoi, which gave them the signature long muzzle, that nowadays we recognize as an important feature of the Collie. In 1860, in Birmingham, because their popularity grew, the breed started being shown in dog shows and exhibitions. In 1879, the first Collie was brought to the United States, and consequently, the Collie Club was formed in 1886. Meanwhile, in the United Kingdom, the first Collie Club was founded in 1881. The breed got recognized by the AKC (American Kennel Club) in 1885.

The Smooth Collie has always lived in the shadows of its more popular cousin, yet the two breeds were considered to be the same for a long time. Moreover, until 1994, it was possible for breeders to interbred Rough and Smooth Collies, thus the two types could be born in the same litter. Contrary to popular belief, Queen Victoria herself, enjoyed more the Smooth-coated version. Amongst the dogs taken from Balmoral to Windsor by Queen Victoria was her absolute favorite dog, named Sharp, who was a Smooth Collie. Another popular owner of the Smooth Collie was the 23rd President of the United States, Benjamin Harrison. Today, the Smooth and the Rough Collies are considered to be distinct breeds in the UK and in Australia, nevertheless, in most of the countries, like the US or Canada, they are still considered to be the same breed, with different coats.

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Smooth Collie Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Satan

    Aug 17, 2021, 8:51:45 PM:

    Many of your facts are totally wrong. Smooth collies are recognized by the FCI, their life expectancy is lower than 14 to 16 years, they are perfect for first time owners and are very good search and rescue dogs, also they do prefer the colder climate.