Taiwan Dog Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Taiwan Dog so you can get to know the breed more.

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Taiwan Dog dog profile picture
OriginTaiwan flagTaiwan
Other Names
What other names does the Taiwan Dog have?
Taiwan CanisTaiwanse CanisTakasago DogFormosan Mountain Dog
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Taiwan Dog Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Taiwan Dog puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$600-$1700
If you choose to purchase the Taiwan Dog, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Taiwan Dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Taiwan Dog gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Taiwan Dog?
Average: The Taiwan Dog is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.

Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.

Taiwan Dog Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Medium
Weight
How much does the Taiwan Dog weigh? Taiwan Dog weight:
Male: 31-40 pounds (14-18 kg), Female: 26.5-35.5 pounds (12-16 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Taiwan Dog? Taiwan Dog average weight:
Male: 35 pounds (16 kg), Female: 31 pounds (14 kg)
Height
How tall is the Taiwan Dog? Taiwan Dog height:
Male: 19-23 inches (48-58 cm), Female: 15-19 inches (38-48 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Taiwan Dog average height:
Male: 21 inches (53 cm), Female: 17 inches (43 cm)

Taiwan Dog Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Taiwan Dog have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Fine
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Taiwan Dog's coat?
BlackYellowBrown
Grooming
How to groom the Taiwan Dog and how often?
Easy to groom: The Taiwan Dog doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Taiwan Dog is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Taiwan Dog dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Taiwan Canis?
Taiwan Dogs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Taiwan Dog need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Taiwan Dog every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing. Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Taiwan Dog Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Taiwan Dog have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
LoyalVersatileIntelligentEnthusiasticCourageousFearlessProtective
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Taiwan Dog? Are they intelligent?
Very smart: Taiwan Dog is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 85% of the time or better.
Trainability
Are Taiwan Dog dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Taiwan Dogs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Taiwan Dog is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Taiwan Dog sensitivity:
Taiwan Dogs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music. Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally by moderate punishment.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Average to High: Taiwan Dogs are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Taiwan Canis need? Taiwan Dog social needs:
Taiwan Dogs are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Taiwan Dog dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Taiwan Canis bark?
Average to High: The Taiwan Dog is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have a different meanings. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Taiwan Dog good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Taiwan Dogs are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Taiwan Dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Taiwan Dog dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Taiwan Dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Taiwan Dog can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Taiwan Dog will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Taiwan Dog bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Taiwan Canis? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Taiwan Dog? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Taiwan Dog has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Taiwan Dog has a hard bite?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Taiwan Dog bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI. The Taiwan Dog, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained. However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Taiwan Dog do?
Taiwan Dogs have a lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Taiwan Dogs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Taiwan Dog to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Taiwan Dog roam?
Taiwan Dogs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Taiwan Dog have high prey drive?
Taiwan Dogs have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Taiwan Dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Taiwan Dog good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Not an apartment-friendly dog the Taiwan Dog breed. If you don't have a garden, think carefully about your decision, keeping Taiwan Dog indoors can cause a lot of problems.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Taiwan Dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Taiwan Dogs do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Taiwan Dog Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Taiwan Dog temperament with other people:
Taiwan Dogs are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Taiwan Dog dogs get along with other pets? Are Taiwan Dog dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Taiwan Dogs are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Taiwan Dog dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Taiwan Dog temperament with children:
Taiwan Dogs are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Taiwan Dog dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Taiwan Dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Taiwan Dog good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Taiwan Dog dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Taiwan Dogs are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Taiwan Dog can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Taiwan Dog breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Taiwan Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Taiwan Dogs good office dogs? Do Taiwan Dogs make good office friendly dogs? Can Taiwan Dogs be office dogs?
No
Taiwan Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Taiwan Dog dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Taiwan Canis temperament with senior people? Are Taiwan Dog dogs good for elderly owners?
Taiwan Dogs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

Taiwan Dog Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Taiwan Dog dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Very healthy dog breed. The Taiwan Dog rarely meets with the veterinarian.
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Taiwan Dog breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Taiwan Dog see the vet?
Rare
The Taiwan Dog should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Taiwan Dog dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Taiwan Dog be? What is the age limit of the Taiwan Dog? How many years can the oldest Taiwan Dog live?
9-13 years
The average lifespan of Taiwan Dog: 11 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Taiwan Dog breed hypoallergenic?
No
Taiwan Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Taiwan Dog have? What is the activity level of the Taiwan Dog?
Taiwan Dogs have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Taiwan Dog dogs require per day?
Taiwan Dogs need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Taiwan Dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Taiwan Dog need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Taiwan Dog risk for obesity:
Average: The Taiwan Dog has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Taiwan Dog's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Different dogs have different preferences when it comes to weather conditions. However, in general, most dogs prefer average to warm weather conditions, as they typically find hot weather conditions to be uncomfortable and taxing.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Taiwan Dog has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Taiwan Dog drool?
The Taiwan Dog is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Taiwan Dog As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Taiwan Dog be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Taiwan Dog is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Taiwan Dog be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Taiwan Dog be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Taiwan Dog is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Taiwan Dog be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Taiwan Dog is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Taiwan Dog be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Taiwan Dog is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Taiwan Dog be a boat dog?

Not really

Taiwan Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Taiwan Dog be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Taiwan Dog is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Taiwan Dog dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Taiwan Dog Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Taiwan Dog: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Taiwan Dog have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
10-12 puppies

Taiwan Dog Recognition

AKC Group
Is Taiwan Dog recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Taiwan Dog recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Primitive type - Hunting Dogs section.

Taiwan Dog Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Taiwan Dog is an excellent dog breed.
  • Health Issues: Very healthy dog breed.
  • Grooming: Easy to groom: The Taiwan Dog doesn't require a lot of grooming.
  • Watchdog Ability: Taiwan Dogs are good watchdogs.
  • Mouthiness: Taiwan Dogs have a lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Adaptability: Taiwan Dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Taiwan Dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Taiwan Dogs are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Taiwan Dogs are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Taiwan Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Taiwan Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Not an apartment-friendly dog the Taiwan Dog breed.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Taiwan Dogs do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Taiwan Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Taiwan Dog History

The Taiwan Dog is considered to be the descendant of ancient breeds who are also referred to as ‘semi-wild dogs’ that accompanied Taiwan’s aboriginals across the Taiwan Strait from mainland Asia thousands of years ago and is now regarded as a rare breed. Some experts even claim that the dogs existed on the island before humans, maybe even as far as 10,000 to 20,000 years ago. However, besides the mixes of the ancient breed, more contemporary breeds such as the German Shepherd, the Akita, and the Pit Bull also played an important role at various points in Taiwan’s history.

Furthermore, these dogs were not completely domesticated by humans, but they did live among them and worked with them in regards to hunting. A man called Chen Ming-Nan is perhaps the dog’s greatest advocate in Taiwan, his fascination with the dogs goes back decades. He spent years combing Taiwan’s aboriginal villages in search of the purest Formosan Mountain dogs. Chen claims that these dogs evolved to have superior physicality, athleticism, loyalty, and empathy because of how they survived in the harsh mountain wilderness of Taiwan’s interior and worked side by side with aboriginal hunters. He sees these dogs as being an extremely useful part of society, for example, their work in the mountain rescue team, but more importantly, in his view, these native dogs are their natural treasure which is why he expresses gratitude to his ancestors for leaving them with this very good breed. Moreover, for thirty years Chen owned the Formosan Mountain Dog Conservation Centre, which housed and bred such dogs. He has been sought out by researchers from around the world for his expertise, and his standards have formed the basis of what is now known as the Taiwan Dog.

However, to go back in time a little bit, in the late 19th-century cross-breeding was very frequent during the Japanese rule of the island as they imported a few of their native breeds, such as the Akita Inu, Shiba Inu, and Shikoku Inu, as well as some European breed, including the German Shepherd, which altogether greatly affected the population of the Taiwan Dogs. Also, during WWII, Taiwanese Aborigines were in constant conflict with the Japanese who invaded their lands, so they were conducting attacks on Japanese military bases, during which they killed many of their military dogs, mostly German Shepherds. For revenge, the Japanese slaughtered every Taiwan Dog they saw. In this long period of time, for the first time, the population of purebred Taiwan dogs dwindled to the point to which it was outnumbered by foreign dog breeds. Like that wasn’t enough, another disaster struck the breed’s population with the arrival of the Chinese after the Chinese government, led by the Nationalist Party occupied Taiwan. Soon afterward, at the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War, the government officials and members of this party all retreated with their families to Taiwan and other democratic enclaves after the loss to the Soviet-supported Communist Party of China. Unfortunately, they brought with them their traditional dog eating culture, which further reduced the already crippled population of the Taiwan Dog. In fact, according to Dr. Sung Yung-yi, this was the most devastating blow to the population of Taiwanese Native Dogs that has almost led to their extinction. Although, in the 1970s, it was Dr. Sung Yung-yi, who worked very hard to bring the breed back. A group of breed admires from the National Taiwan University helped him and begun an impressive task of saving the breed. At the same time, Dr. Sung Yung-yi also organized efforts to save the ‘Formosan Sika deer’, a traditional source of food for these dogs, but due to difficulties in finding a purebred the project was almost canceled. However, they found out that the purebred dogs can still be found only in the mountainous regions of Taiwan. They’ve mounted a four years long search operation throughout 29 aboriginal villages in the mountains and they found 160 Taiwan Dogs, of which only 46 they believed to be purebreds. Dr. Sung Yung-yi gave one of the dogs he found to his son, Chen (mentioned above), who eventually continued his work of saving the Taiwan Dog breed. In 1986, Chen acquired a few purebred dogs from Taiwanese mountain villages and started a national breeding program, which helped in growing the awareness of these dogs and saved them from extinction.

Inspired by the hard work of these people, many others on the island showed a renewed interest in the breed and some of them even became breeders. In recent years a lot more new breeders appeared in Taiwan and today the breed’s numbers are growing and becoming increasingly popular not just in Taiwan, but in other parts of the world as well. The Taiwan Dog is recognized by several clubs, including the FCI and AKC, as a stock breed in order to continue the breed conservation.

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Taiwan Dog Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Taiwan dog

    Sep 8, 2019, 3:31:55 PM:

    I wünsche taiwan Dog Welpe bitte. Wo gibt für Taiwan Dog kaufen in europa?. Mein email : stefaniesc100@gmail.com But i am full deaf