Xoloitzcuintli Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Xoloitzcuintli so you can get to know the breed more.
Other Names |
What other names does the Xoloitzcuintli have? The dog breed also known as...
|Mexican Hairless, Xoloitzcuintli, Xoloitzcuintle, Xoloitzquintle, Xoloescuincle, Xolo, Xolito|
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group |
Is Xoloitzcuintli recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2011 as a Non-Sporting breed.|
FCI Group |
Is Xoloitzcuintli recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Primitive type section.|
How much does the Xoloitzcuintli puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Xoloitzcuintli price:
If you choose to purchase the Xoloitzcuintli, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Xoloitzcuintli for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Xoloitzcuintli gets to a happy place.
The Xoloitzcuintli, or in their other name, the Mexican Hairless Dog is considered to be a naturally developed breed, most likely the result of a spontaneous genetic mutation. As their more casual name suggests, the breed finds its origins in Mexico, dating back a minimum of 3,000 years. Their conventional name is derived from the Aztec dog-headed god named Xolotl and from the Aztec word "itzcuintli", which translates to the dog. According to Aztec mythology, the breed was believed to be sacred by the gods, and the dogs were often sacrificed and buried alongside their owners, in order to serve them as protective guides in the afterlife. Moreover, the dogs were thought to possess healing powers, which were especially effective in cases of insomnia, rheumatism, and asthma.
For centuries the breed developed naturally without any interference by humans, with natural selection. The first mentions of the Xoloitzcuintli can be found in the travel journals of Columbus and other European discoverers. Later, archaeological evidence in form of representations on pottery, other artworks, and skeletons proved that the breed arrived in America over 3,000 years ago, with migratory humans. In the 16th century, Conquistadors documented and reported that they were being served dog meat at banquets, so it is presumable that the Xoloitzcuintli was also served nutritional needs. Later, at the beginning of the 1880s, the breed got a huge popularity boost, thanks to the recognition the AKC (American Kennel Club) gave them. At that time, the kennel registered the breed under the name, Mexican Hairless. The first specimen recognized by the AKC was named Mee Too.
After the Xoloitzcuintli’s popularity peaked at the beginning of the 1900s, the breed stepped out of the spotlight. However, in 1940, a dog named Chinito Jr. became the first of its breed, to earn an AKC Championship. Their popularity skyrocketed again after that competition. The breed was even portrayed next to Frida Khalo and also alongside Diego Rivera, who owned a specimen of the breed named Mr. Xoloti. Interestingly, over the course of the 20th century, the Xoloitzcuintli had gone through periods of insane popularity and periods when it was thought to be on the brink of extinction. Surprisingly, in 1959 the AKC de-registered the breed, due to the lack of interest around the breed. The breed might have gone to extinction, nevertheless, fortunately, the breed’s fanciers had brought it back from being endangered.
The AKC recognized the Xoloitzcuintli again in 2011. Today, the breed is considered a national treasure in its native country, Mexico. Moreover, the dogs were named breed of the year in 2010. Nowadays, the breed’s population number is approximately 30,000 worldwide, which makes them reside in the intersection of popularity and rarity. In sum, over the course of history, the Xoloitzcuintli had a very interesting and exciting life, and it served several very different rules throughout its whole existence including the source of food, healer, and hunter. Nowadays, the breed is mostly kept as a companion.
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Xoloitzcuintli size:
How much does the Xoloitzcuintli weigh? Xoloitzcuintli weight:
|15-30 pounds (7-14 kg)|
Avg. Weight |
What is the average weight of the Xoloitzcuintli? Xoloitzcuintli average weight:
|22.5 pounds (10.5 kg)|
How tall is the Xoloitzcuintli? Xoloitzcuintli height:
|15-20 inches (38-51 cm)|
Avg. Height |
What is the average height of this fido? Xoloitzcuintli average height:
|17.5 inches (44.5 cm)|
What type of coat does the Xoloitzcuintli have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Xoloitzcuintli's coat?
How to groom the Xoloitzcuintli and how often?
Easy to groom: The Xoloitzcuintli doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Xoloitzcuintli is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of a high maintenance dog. Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level |
How much do Xoloitzcuintli dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Mexican Hairless? Xoloitzcuintli shedding level:
Xoloitzcuintlis shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Xoloitzcuintli dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
What kind of personality does the Xoloitzcuintli have? What characteristics does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Xoloitzcuintli? Are they intelligent?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Xoloitzcuintli obey for the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
Are Xoloitzcuintli dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Xoloitzcuintlis are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
How playful is this breed?
Xoloitzcuintlis, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Xoloitzcuintli sensitivity:
Xoloitzcuintlis don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they?
Xoloitzcuintlis are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Mexican Hairless need? Xoloitzcuintli social needs:
Xoloitzcuintlis need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Xoloitzcuintli dogs bark a lot? Why does my Xoloitzcuintli bark?
Low: The Xoloitzcuintli barks none to minimal. Perfect choice if you prefer a quiet breed. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Xoloitzcuintli good as a watchdog?
Xoloitzcuintlis are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Do Xoloitzcuintli dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Xoloitzcuintlis are not the best to protect their territory. Better to have the protection of your house and property supervised by others.
Biting Potential |
Do Xoloitzcuintli bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Mexican Hairless? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Xoloitzcuintli? Why do dog bites happen?
The Xoloitzcuintli has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Xoloitzcuintli do?
Xoloitzcuintlis have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Xoloitzcuintlis need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Xoloitzcuintli to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Xoloitzcuintli roam?
Wanderlust potential of the Xoloitzcuintli is strong enough to escape from home. They have a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Xoloitzcuintli have high prey drive?
Xoloitzcuintlis have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Xoloitzcuintlis are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Xoloitzcuintli good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Xoloitzcuintlis are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Xoloitzcuintlis adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Xoloitzcuintlis tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog |
Where Xoloitzcuintli dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
|Not really |
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they friendly with strangers?
Xoloitzcuintlis are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly |
Are Xoloitzcuintli dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Xoloitzcuintli and children:
Xoloitzcuintlis are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Xoloitzcuintli dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Xoloitzcuintlis are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly |
Is Xoloitzcuintli good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Xoloitzcuintli dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Xoloitzcuintlis are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Xoloitzcuintli can be a great choice.
Office Friendly |
Are Xoloitzcuintlis good office dogs? Do Xoloitzcuintlis make good office friendly dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintlis be office dogs?
Xoloitzcuintli is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Xoloitzcuintli dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Mexican Hairless temperament with senior people? Are Xoloitzcuintli dogs good for elderly owners?
Xoloitzcuintlis are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Xoloitzcuintli dogs get along with other pets? Are Xoloitzcuintli dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Xoloitzcuintlis are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Xoloitzcuintli breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Xoloitzcuintlis are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a service dog?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a therapy dog?
|Not really |
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a sniffer dog?
|Not really |
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a search and rescue dog?
|Not really |
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a boat dog?
|Not really |
Xoloitzcuintli breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Xoloitzcuintli be a drafting dog?
|Not really |
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Xoloitzcuintli is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy breed? Do Xoloitzcuintli dogs have health problems?
Xoloitzcuintlis tend to have a lot and frequent health issues. Regular vet check-ups are essential with this breed.
Health Problems |
What health problems does the Xoloitzcuintli breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Xoloitzcuintli breed? Health risks of Xoloitzcuintli:
|AcneDry SkinSkin Irritation|
Life Expectancy |
How long do Xoloitzcuintli dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Xoloitzcuintli be?
Is the Xoloitzcuintli breed hypoallergenic?
Xoloitzcuintlis do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Xoloitzcuintli have?
Xoloitzcuintlis have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need |
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Xoloitzcuintli dogs require per day?
Xoloitzcuintlis have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does this fido need?
Xoloitzcuintlis sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption |
How much food does the Xoloitzcuintli need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
|1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Xoloitzcuintli risk for obesity:
Average. The Xoloitzcuintli has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Xoloitzcuintli's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
|Prefers average to warm weather conditions|
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Xoloitzcuintli has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency |
Does the Xoloitzcuintli drool?
The Xoloitzcuintli is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Xoloitzcuintli could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Xoloitzcuintli. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Gestation Length |
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Xoloitzcuintli pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Xoloitzcuintli pregnancy time period:
Reproductive cycle of the female Xoloitzcuintli: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
|How often can the Xoloitzcuintli have a litter?||Once a year.|
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Xoloitzcuintli have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
Pros & Cons of Xoloitzcuintli
- Hypoallergenic: Xoloitzcuintlis do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
- Apartment Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are very apartment-friendly dogs.
- Grooming: Easy to groom: The Xoloitzcuintli doesn't require a lot of grooming.
- Shedding Level: Xoloitzcuintlis shed none to minimal.
- Drooling tendency: The Xoloitzcuintli is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
- Adaptability: Xoloitzcuintlis adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
- Child Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are kid-friendly dogs.
- Cat Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are very cat-friendly dogs.
- Dog Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are very dog-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Xoloitzcuintlis are usually recommended for elderly people.
- Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
- Health Issues: Xoloitzcuintlis tend to have a lot and frequent health issues.
- Mouthiness: Xoloitzcuintlis have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wanderlust potential of the Xoloitzcuintli is strong enough to escape from home.
- Tolerates Being Left Alone: Xoloitzcuintlis tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
- Office Friendly: Xoloitzcuintli is not the best dog breed for office environment.
- Good For First Time Owners: Xoloitzcuintlis are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
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Sep 28, 2020, 12:40:28 AM:
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