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American Bulldog vs Norwegian Elkhound vs Dogue de Bordeaux – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between American Bulldog vs Norwegian Elkhound vs Dogue de Bordeaux" Compare American Bulldog and Norwegian Elkhound. Which is better: American Bulldog or Norwegian Elkhound or Dogue de Bordeaux?
Name American Bulldog Norwegian Elkhound Dogue de Bordeaux
OriginsUnited States Norway France
Group Guard Dogs Hunting Dogs Working Dogs
Popularity Rank2729167
Reviews101
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Other Names AmBulldog, AM Bulldog, American Bulldogge, American Bulldoggee, Old Country Bulldog Elkhound, Norsk Elghund, Grå Norsk Elghund, Gray Norwegian Elkhound, Small Grey Elk Dog, Norwegian Moose Dog, Harmaa Norjanhirvikoira French Mastiff, Bordeaux Mastiff, Bordeauxdog
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Not recognized by the American Kennel Club. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1913 as a Hound breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2008 as a Working breed.
FCI Group Not recognized by FCI. Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the Nordic Hunting Dogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
America's Pet Registry
Dog Registry of America Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Backwoods Bulldog Club
Animal Research Foundation
American Rare Breed Association
American Bulldog Association
National American Bulldog Association
John D Johnson Bulldog Registry
American Bulldog Club Of Canada
All American Bulldog Club
No set No set
Price $500-$600 $500-$700 $1000-$1300

General Appearance - American Bulldog vs Norwegian Elkhound vs Dogue de Bordeaux

Size Large Large Large
Giant
Weight Male: 70-120 pounds (32-54 kg), Female: 60-100 pounds (27-45 kg) Male: 50-60 pounds (23-27 kg), Female: 40-55 pounds (18-25 kg) 120-145 pounds (54.4-65.2 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 95 pounds (43 kg), Female: 80 pounds (36 kg) Male: 55 pounds (25 kg), Female: 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg) 132.5 pounds (54.4-65.2 kg)
Height Male: 22-28 inches (55-70 cm), Female: 20-26 inches (52-65 cm) Male: 19-21 inches (48-53 cm), Female: 18-20 inches (46-51 cm) 23-30 inches (58-75 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm) Male: 20 inches (50.5 cm), Female: 19 inches (48.5 cm) 26.5 inches (66.5 cm)

Hair & Care - American Bulldog vs Norwegian Elkhound vs Dogue de Bordeaux

Coat Fine Dense Fine
Colors Fawn
Brown
White
Black
Gray
White
Silver
Black
Fawn
Mahogany
Isabella
Red
Grooming
Effortless: The American Bulldog requires minimal grooming.
Average: The Norwegian Elkhound requires average grooming effort.
Easy to groom: The Dogue de Bordeaux doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Shedding Level
American Bulldogs shed moderately.
Norwegian Elkhounds shed above average.
Dogue de Bordeauxs shed moderately.

Characteristics - American Bulldog vs Norwegian Elkhound vs Dogue de Bordeaux

Temperament Affectionate
Courageous
Gentle
Going
Alert
Energetic
Loving
Social
Alert
Playful
Intelligent
Bold
Loyal
Strong
Willed
Companionable
Devoted
Loyal
Courageous
Outright
Tempered
Vigilant
Intelligent Rank
Average: American Bulldog's has average obedience intelligence.
Smart: Norwegian Elkhound's has great intelligence.
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
Trainability
American Bulldogs are quite easy to train.
Norwegian Elkhounds are easy to train.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
The American Bulldog is a playful breed.
Norwegian Elkhounds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
American Bulldogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Norwegian Elkhounds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
American Bulldogs are a social breed.
Norwegian Elkhounds need for social interaction is average.
Dogue de Bordeauxs need for social interaction is average.
Barking
Low to Average: The American Bulldog rarely barks.
High: The Norwegian Elkhound is a very vocal breed.
Low to Average: The Dogue de Bordeaux rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
American Bulldogs are one of the best watchdogs.
Norwegian Elkhounds are one of the best watchdogs.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
American Bulldogs are extremely protective guard dogs.
Norwegian Elkhounds are average defenders.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Moderate
The American Bulldog has an average chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Norwegian Elkhound has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Dogue de Bordeaux has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
American Bulldogs have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Norwegian Elkhounds have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Dogue de Bordeauxs have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
American Bulldogs tend to escape less than other breeds.
Wanderlust potential of the Norwegian Elkhound is strong enough to escape from home.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
American Bulldogs have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Norwegian Elkhounds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Dogue de Bordeauxs have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
American Bulldogs are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Norwegian Elkhounds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are not apartment-friendly dogs.
Adaptability
American Bulldogs adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Norwegian Elkhounds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Dogue de Bordeauxs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
American Bulldogs do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Fighting Dog Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - American Bulldog vs Norwegian Elkhound vs Dogue de Bordeaux

Stranger Friendly
American Bulldogs are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Norwegian Elkhounds are average friendly towards strangers.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
American Bulldogs are kid-friendly dogs.
Norwegian Elkhounds are kid-friendly dogs.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
American Bulldogs are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Norwegian Elkhounds are average friendly towards cats.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
American Bulldogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Norwegian Elkhounds are average friendly towards other dogs.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
American Bulldog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Norwegian Elkhound is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Dogue de Bordeaux is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
American Bulldogs are usually recommended for elderly people.
Norwegian Elkhounds are usually recommended for elderly people.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
American Bulldogs usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Norwegian Elkhounds are generally with other pets.
Dogue de Bordeauxs are usually friendly towards other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
American Bulldogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Norwegian Elkhounds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Dogue de Bordeauxs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
American Bulldog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Norwegian Elkhound breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Dogue de Bordeaux breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - American Bulldog vs Norwegian Elkhound vs Dogue de Bordeaux

Health Issues
American Bulldogs tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
The Norwegian Elkhound is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Very healthy dog breed.
Health Problems Allergies
Cancer
Cherry Eye
Ectropion
Elbow Dysplasia
Entropion
Hip Dysplasia
No set No set
Life Expectancy 10-12 years 10-12 years 10-12 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
American Bulldogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Norwegian Elkhounds are high energy dogs.
Dogue de Bordeauxs have a lower energy level than other dogs.
Exercise Need
American Bulldogs have an average exercise need.
Norwegian Elkhounds need quite a lot of exercise.
Dogue de Bordeauxs exercise need is minimal.
Sleeping Need
American Bulldogs like sleeping so they do sleep a lot.
Norwegian Elkhounds don't need too much sleep.
Dogue de Bordeauxs like sleeping so they do sleep a lot.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 5 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals. 2.5 to 3.5 cups of a high-quality dog food daily, divided into two meals. 6 to 8 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Average to High.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to warm weather conditions Prefers cold weather
The Norwegian Elkhound can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The American Bulldog has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Norwegian Elkhound has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Dogue de Bordeaux has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The American Bulldog drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The Norwegian Elkhound is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Dogue de Bordeaux is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.

Reproducibility - American Bulldog vs Norwegian Elkhound vs Dogue de Bordeaux

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 7-14 puppies 5-10 puppies 4-6 puppies

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