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Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog" Compare Belgian Malinois and German Shepherd. Which is better: Belgian Malinois or German Shepherd or Dutch Shepherd Dog?
Name Belgian Malinois German Shepherd Dutch Shepherd Dog
OriginsBelgium Germany Netherlands
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank442525
Reviews130
Rate

Other Names Malinois Alsatian, Berger Allemand, Alsatian wolf dog (UK), Deutscher Schäferhund, Schäferhund Dutch Shepherd Dog, Hollandse Herder
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1959 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1908 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club as a Miscellaneous breed.
FCI Group Not recognized by FCI. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club German Shepherd Dog Club Of America American Canine Registry America's Pet Registry Continental Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Foundation Stock Service National Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Association, Inc.
Price $1200-$1400 $800-$2000 $1000-$1200

General Appearance - Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog

Size Large Large Large
Weight Male: 65-75 pounds (29-34 kg), Female: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg) Male: 66-88 pounds (30-40 kg), Female: 49-71 pounds (22-32 kg) Male: 61-70 pounds (27-31 kg) Female: 52-61 pounds (23-27 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 65 pounds (29.5 kg) Male: 77 pounds (35 kg), Female: 60 pounds (27 kg) Male: 65.5 pounds (29 kg) Female: 56.5 pounds (25 kg)
Height Male: 24-26 inches (61-66 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (56-61 cm) Male: 24-26 inches (60-65 cm), Female: 22-24 inches (55-60 cm) Male: 22-25 inches (56-63 cm), Female: 21-24 inches (53-61 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 25 inches (63.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (57.5 cm) Male: 23.5 inches (60 cm), Female: 22.5 inches (57 cm)

Hair & Care - Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog

Coat Weather-resistant Straight Fuzzy Wiry
Colors Brindle Cream Fawn Black Silver Tan Red Black Blue Brindle Golden Grey Silver Yellow Salt & Pepper
Grooming
Average: The Belgian Malinois requires average grooming effort.
Average: The German Shepherd requires average grooming effort.
Easy to groom: The Dutch Shepherd Dog doesn't require a lot of grooming.
Shedding Level
Belgian Malinoiss shed moderately.
German Shepherds are heavy shedders.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs shed moderately.

Characteristics - Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog

Temperament Active Alert Confident Friendly Hard working Protective Stubborn Watchful Alert Courageous Intelligent Obedient Confident Curious Loyal Watchful Affectionate Alert Loyal Obedient Reliable Trainable
Intelligent Rank
Very smart: Belgian Malinois is an excellent dog breed.
Outstanding: German Shepherd is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Smart: Dutch Shepherd Dog's has great intelligence.
Trainability
Belgian Malinoiss are very easy to train.
German Shepherds are easy to train.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are quite easy to train.
Playfulness
The Belgian Malinois is a highly playful breed.
German Shepherds, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Dutch Shepherd Dog is a playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
German Shepherds don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Affection Level
Belgian Malinoiss may seem unfriendly sometimes due to their independence.
German Shepherds are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are highly affectionate dogs.
Social Needs
Belgian Malinoiss are a social breed.
German Shepherds need for social interaction is average.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are a social breed.
Barking
Average to high: The Belgian Malinois is a vocal breed.
Low to Average: The German Shepherd rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Dutch Shepherd Dog rarely barks.
Watchdog Ability
Belgian Malinoiss are one of the best watchdogs.
German Shepherds are one of the best watchdogs.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Belgian Malinoiss strongly protect their territory.
German Shepherds are extremely protective guard dogs.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Belgian Malinois has a low chance of biting somebody.
High
The German Shepherd has a high chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Dutch Shepherd Dog has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Belgian Malinoiss have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
German Shepherds have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Wanderlust potential of the Belgian Malinois is strong enough to escape from home.
German Shepherds are not the biggest explorers.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs tend to escape less than other breeds.
Prey Drive
Belgian Malinoiss have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
German Shepherds have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
Belgian Malinoiss are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
German Shepherds are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Belgian Malinoiss adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
German Shepherds adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Belgian Malinoiss do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog

Stranger Friendly
Belgian Malinoiss are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are stranger friendly dogs.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Belgian Malinoiss are kid-friendly dogs.
German Shepherds are very kid-friendly dogs.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are average friendly dogs towards children.
Cat Friendly
Belgian Malinoiss are average friendly towards cats.
German Shepherds are average friendly towards cats.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are not the most cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Belgian Malinoiss are average friendly towards other dogs.
German Shepherds are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly No
Belgian Malinois is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
German Shepherd is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Dutch Shepherd Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Belgian Malinoiss are usually recommended for elderly people.
German Shepherds are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are commonly okay with elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Belgian Malinoiss are generally with other pets.
German Shepherds are generally with other pets.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs usually don’t get on well with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Belgian Malinoiss are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
German Shepherds are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Yes
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Belgian Malinois breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
German Shepherd breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Dutch Shepherd Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog

Health Issues
The Belgian Malinois is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
German Shepherds are commonly healthy dogs.
The Dutch Shepherd Dog is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Eye Problems Hip Dysplasia Allergies Blindness Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Chronic Diarrhea Cruciate Ligament Rupture Cushing's Syndrome Degenerative Myelopathy Demodectic Mange Diabetes Digestive Problems Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency Heart Disease Hemophilia A Hemophilia B Hip Dysplasia Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy Lens Luxation Lupus Megaesophagus Myasthenia Gravis Nail Bed Disease Osteochondrosis Pannus Panosteitis Paralysis Perianal Fistula Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Retinal Dysplasia Seborrhea Vitiligo Von Willebrand's Disease Wobbler's Syndrome No set
Life Expectancy 12-14 years 10-13 years 12-15 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Belgian Malinoiss are high energy dogs.
German Shepherds are high energy dogs.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Exercise Need
Belgian Malinoiss need a lot of exercises.
German Shepherds need quite a lot of exercise.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs have an average exercise need.
Sleeping Need
Belgian Malinoiss don't need too much sleep.
German Shepherds don't need too much sleep.
Dutch Shepherd Dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping.
Avg. daily food consumption 2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 3 to 4.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Low to Average.
Low to Average.
Low to Average.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The Belgian Malinois has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The German Shepherd has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Dutch Shepherd Dog has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Belgian Malinois is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The German Shepherd is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Dutch Shepherd Dog is a perfect example for low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 6-10 puppies 6-10 puppies 6-10 puppies

Rate This Comparsion - Belgian Malinois vs German Shepherd vs Dutch Shepherd Dog

Reviews

  • J.T

    Feb 19, 2020, 4:20:56 AM:

    I Have owned both a Dutch Shepherd and several German Shepherds (never a Malinois) and I strongly disagree with many of the comparisons!!!

  • C.K.

    May 29, 2020, 9:03:00 PM:

    I have a Malinois and our family has a German shepherd and a friend with a Dutchie, I do not agree with some of these comparisons. My Malinois, along with the other's I've met have had very high prey drives, and a strong tendency to nip, chew etc.

  • Em

    Sep 7, 2020, 2:15:12 PM:

    Most of the comparisons are incorrect, I would know: I grew up with and owned a GSD, I now own a Dutch Herder and my sister owns a Belgian Malinois.