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Border Collie vs Rough Collie vs Smooth Collie – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Border Collie vs Rough Collie vs Smooth Collie" Compare Border Collie and Rough Collie. Which is better: Border Collie or Rough Collie or Smooth Collie?
Name Border Collie Rough Collie Smooth Collie
OriginsEngland Scotland Wales Scotland Scotland
Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank3840354
Reviews440
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Other Names Scotch Sheep Dog, Sheepdog Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, Lassie Dog Short-Haired Collie
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1995 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club The American Int. Border Collie Registry The American Border Collie Association American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club
Price $600-$800 $400-$600 $400-$600

General Appearance - Border Collie vs Rough Collie vs Smooth Collie

Size Large Large Large
Weight Male: 30-45 pounds (14-20 kg), Female: 27-42 pounds (12-19 kg) Male: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg), Female: 53-65 pounds (24-29 kg) Male: 60-70 pounds (27-32 kg), Female: 53-65 pounds (24-29 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 37.5 pounds (17 kg), Female: 34.5 pounds (15.5 kg) Male: 67.5 pounds (30.5 kg), Female: 57.5 pounds (26 kg) Male: 67.5 pounds (30.5 kg), Female: 57.5 pounds (26 kg)
Height Male: 19-22 inches (48-56 cm), Female: 18-21 inches (46-53 cm) Male: 24–26 inch (60–66 cm), Female: 22–24 inch (55–61 cm) Male: 24–26 inch (60–66 cm), Female: 22–24 inch (55–61 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 20.5 inches (52 cm), Female: 19.5 inches (49.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm) Male: 25 inches (62.5 cm), Female: 23 inches (58.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Border Collie vs Rough Collie vs Smooth Collie

Coat Dense Feathered Straight Short Moderately Long Rough Soft Thick Straight Harsh Furry Dense Thick Flat
Colors Black & White Tricolor Tan Blue merle Blue merle-tricolor Slate merle Red merle Black Brindle Gold Lilac Red Sable Sable Merle Saddleback Sable White & Blue White & Blue Merle White & Red White & Red Merle White Ticked Seal Slate White & Gold White & Sable White & Seal Black & White & Tan Blue & Merle Blue & Merle & White Sable Sable & White White White & Merle Merle Black & White & Tan Blue & Merle Blue & Merle & White Sable Sable & White White White & Merle Merle
Grooming
Average: The Border Collie requires average grooming effort.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Shedding Level
Border Collies shed moderately.
Rough Collies are heavy shedders.
Smooth Collies are heavy shedders.

Characteristics - Border Collie vs Rough Collie vs Smooth Collie

Temperament Intelligent Alert Tenacious Protective Energetic Responsive Loyal Friendly Gentle Intelligent Loyal Protective Responsive Social Hard working Docile Obedient Elegant Herding Friendly Gentle Intelligent Loyal Protective Responsive Social
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: Border Collie is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Very smart: Rough Collie is an excellent dog breed.
Very smart: Smooth Collie is an excellent dog breed.
Trainability
Border Collies are easy to train.
Rough Collies are very easy to train.
Smooth Collies are very easy to train.
Playfulness
The Border Collie is a highly playful breed.
The Rough Collie is a playful breed.
The Smooth Collie is a playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Border Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Rough Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Smooth Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
Border Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Rough Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Smooth Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Border Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Rough Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Smooth Collies need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Low to Average: The Border Collie rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Rough Collie rarely barks.
Average to high: The Smooth Collie is a vocal breed.
Watchdog Ability
Border Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Rough Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Smooth Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Border Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Rough Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Smooth Collies are extremely protective guard dogs.
Biting Potential Low
The Border Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Rough Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Smooth Collie has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Border Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Rough Collies have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Smooth Collies have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Border Collies have average wanderlust potential.
Rough Collies are not the biggest explorers.
Smooth Collies are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
Border Collies have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Rough Collies have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Smooth Collies have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Border Collies are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Rough Collies are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Smooth Collies are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Border Collies adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Rough Collies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Smooth Collies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Border Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Rough Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Smooth Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Border Collie vs Rough Collie vs Smooth Collie

Stranger Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards strangers.
Rough Collies are stranger friendly dogs.
Smooth Collies are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Border Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Rough Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Smooth Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards cats.
Rough Collies are very cat-friendly dogs.
Smooth Collies are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Border Collies are average friendly towards other dogs.
Rough Collies are dog-friendly dogs.
Smooth Collies are dog-friendly dogs.
Office Friendly No
Border Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Rough Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Smooth Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Border Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Rough Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Smooth Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Border Collies are generally with other pets.
Rough Collies are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Smooth Collies are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners No
Border Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Rough Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Smooth Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Border Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Rough Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Smooth Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Border Collie vs Rough Collie vs Smooth Collie

Health Issues
The Border Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Rough Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Smooth Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems Allergies Collie Eye Anomaly Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Osteochondrosis Dissecans Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Collie Eye Anomaly Gray Collie Syndrome Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Drug Sensitivity Hip Dysplasia Collie Eye Anomaly Drug Sensitivity Gray Collie Syndrome Hip Dysplasia Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Life Expectancy 12-15 years 14-16 years 14-16 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Border Collies are high energy dogs.
Rough Collies have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Smooth Collies have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
Border Collies need a lot of exercises.
Rough Collies need quite a lot of exercise.
Smooth Collies need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Border Collies don't need too much sleep.
Rough Collies sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Smooth Collies sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption 1.5 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two or three meals. 2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
Average.
Average.
Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Border Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Rough Collie can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness Medium
The Border Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Rough Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Smooth Collie has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Border Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Rough Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Smooth Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Reproducibility - Border Collie vs Rough Collie vs Smooth Collie

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 4-8 puppies 4-8 puppies 4-8 puppies

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