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Golden Retriever vs Newfoundland vs St. Bernard – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Golden Retriever vs Newfoundland vs St. Bernard" Compare Golden Retriever and Newfoundland. Which is better: Golden Retriever or Newfoundland or St. Bernard?
Name Golden Retriever Newfoundland St. Bernard
OriginsScotland Canada Switzerland Italy
Group Gun Dog Working Dogs Working Dogs
Popularity Rank33648
Reviews311
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Other Names Yellow Retriever, Golden Flat Coat Newf, Newfie, The Gentle Giant, Blackbear St. Hubert Hound, Chien St. Hubert, Sleuth Hound, St. Bernhardshund, Bernhardiner
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925 as a Sporting breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1886 as a Working breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Working breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs group, in the Retrievers section. Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section. Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club American Canine Registry American Kennel Club America's Pet Registry Canadian Kennel Club Dog Registry of America Inc. Federation Cynologique Internationale Kennel Club of Great Britain North American Purebred Registry, Inc. American Canine Association, Inc. Australian National Kennel Council Continental Kennel Club National Kennel Club New Zealand Kennel Club United Kennel Club
Price $1000-$2000 $1500-$2000 $1500-$1800

General Appearance - Golden Retriever vs Newfoundland vs St. Bernard

Size Large Giant Giant
Weight Male: 60-80 pounds (27-36 kg), Female: 55-70 pounds (25-32 kg) Male: 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg), Female: 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg) 110-200 pounds (50-91 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 70 pounds (31.5 kg), Female: 62.5 pounds (28.5 kg) Male: 140 pounds (63.5 kg), Female: 110 pounds (49.5 kg) 155 pounds (70.5 kg)
Height Male: 22-24 inches (56-61cm), Female: 20-22 inches (51-56 cm) Male: 27-29 inches (69-74 cm), Female: 25-27 inches (63-69 cm) 25.5-27.5 inches (61-70 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 23 inches (58.5 cm), Female: 21 inches (53.5 cm) Male: 28 inches (71.5 cm), Female: 26 inches (66 cm) 25.5-27.5 inches (65.5 cm)

Hair & Care - Golden Retriever vs Newfoundland vs St. Bernard

Coat Silky Wavy Shiny Straight Fluffy Waterproof Thick Dense Rough Smooth
Colors Golden Light Gray Brown White Black Brown Red White Brindle Tricolor Black
Grooming
Average: The Golden Retriever requires average grooming effort.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Average: The St.
Shedding Level
Golden Retrievers shed moderately.
Newfoundlands are heavy shedders.
St.

Characteristics - Golden Retriever vs Newfoundland vs St. Bernard

Temperament Confident Intelligent Reliable Friendly Kind Trustworthy Cheerful Intelligent Social Gentle Courageous Loyal Sweet Friendly Independent Going Social Gentle Happy Quiet
Intelligent Rank
Outstanding: Golden Retriever is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Smart: Newfoundland's has great intelligence.
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
Trainability
Golden Retrievers are easy to train.
Newfoundlands are easy to train.
St.
Playfulness
The Golden Retriever is a highly playful breed.
Newfoundlands, like any other dog breed, like playing.
St.
Sensitivity Level
Golden Retrievers have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
St.
Affection Level
Golden Retrievers are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Newfoundlands are highly affectionate dogs.
St.
Social Needs
Golden Retrievers need a lot of social interaction.
Newfoundlands are a social breed.
St.
Barking
Low to Average: The Golden Retriever rarely barks.
Low to Average: The Newfoundland rarely barks.
Low: The St.
Watchdog Ability
Golden Retrievers are average watchdogs.
Newfoundlands are one of the best watchdogs.
St.
Territorial
Golden Retrievers are average defenders.
Newfoundlands are extremely protective guard dogs.
St.
Biting Potential Moderate
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Newfoundland has a low chance of biting somebody.
Moderate
The St.
Mouthiness
Golden Retrievers have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Newfoundlands have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
St.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Golden Retrievers tend to escape less than other breeds.
Newfoundlands have average wanderlust potential.
St.
Prey Drive
Golden Retrievers have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Newfoundlands have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
St.
Apartment Friendly
Golden Retrievers are not recommended for an apartment lifestyle.
Newfoundlands are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
St.
Adaptability
Golden Retrievers adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Newfoundlands adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
St.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Golden Retrievers tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Newfoundlands do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
St.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Yes
In history, this breed was unfortunately used for combat dog.

Good With - Golden Retriever vs Newfoundland vs St. Bernard

Stranger Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very stranger friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are stranger friendly dogs.
St.
Child Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very kid-friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are very kid-friendly dogs.
St.
Cat Friendly
Golden Retrievers are cat-friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are very cat-friendly dogs.
St.
Dog Friendly
Golden Retrievers are very dog-friendly dogs.
Newfoundlands are dog-friendly dogs.
St.
Office Friendly Yes
Golden Retriever is one of the best dog breeds for office environment
No
Newfoundland is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
St.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Golden Retrievers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Newfoundlands are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
St.
Pet Friendly
Golden Retrievers are usually friendly towards other pets.
Newfoundlands are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
St.
Good For First Time Owners Yes
Golden Retrievers are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
No
Newfoundlands are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
St.
Service Dog Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Yes
This breed makes good as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Yes
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Yes
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Yes
Golden Retriever breed usually likes being on a boat.
Yes
Newfoundland breed usually likes being on a boat.
Not really
St.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Golden Retriever vs Newfoundland vs St. Bernard

Health Issues
Golden Retrievers are commonly healthy dogs.
Very healthy dog breed.
Very healthy dog breed.
Health Problems Allergies Bloat Cataracts Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Hemangiosarcoma Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Osteochondrosis Dissecans Osteosarcoma Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Von Willebrand's Disease Addison's Disease Bloat Cancer Cataracts Cherry Eye Cystinuria Elbow Dysplasia Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia Hypothyroidism Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis Allergies Bloat Cataracts Dilated Cardiomyopathy Elbow Dysplasia Entropion Epilepsy Hip Dysplasia
Life Expectancy 10-12 years 9-12 years 8-10 years
Hypoallergenic No No No
Energy Level
Golden Retrievers are high energy dogs.
Newfoundlands have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
St.
Exercise Need
Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercises.
Newfoundlands have an average exercise need.
St.
Sleeping Need
Golden Retrievers don't need too much sleep.
Newfoundlands sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
St.
Avg. daily food consumption 3 to 4 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 5 to 6 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 6 to 8 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
High: The Golden Retriever breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Average to High.
Average to High.
Weather & Climate Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers cold weather
The Newfoundland can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness Medium
The Golden Retriever has an average chance of bad smell.
High
The Newfoundland has a high chance of bad smell.
High
The St.
Drooling tendency
The Golden Retriever drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
The Newfoundland is a big drooler, so if you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, you should choose a dog from another breed.
The St.

Reproducibility - Golden Retriever vs Newfoundland vs St. Bernard

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 5-10 puppies 4-12 puppies 6-8 puppies

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