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Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon Comparison - Dog breed selector: Maltese Dog or Chinese Lion Dog or Butterfly Dog? Find the right dog for you

"Find similarities and differences between Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon" Compare Maltese and Shih Tzu. Which is better: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Name Maltese Shih Tzu Papillon
OriginsItaly China Spain France Belgium
Group Companion Dogs Companion Dogs Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank332053
Reviews3114
User Ratings

Other Names
What other names do they have?
Maltese Dog, Maltese lion dog Chinese Lion Dog, Chrysanthemum Dog Butterfly Dog, Squirrel Dog, Phalène, Epagneul Nain, Phalène (Drop Ear Type), Continental Toy Spaniel, Epagneul Nain Continental
Breed Type
Which dog is purebred or crossbreed? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon breed type comparison:
Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group
Which dog is recognized by the AKC?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888 as a Toy breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1969 as a Toy breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1915 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Which dog is recognized by the FCI?
Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Bichons and related breeds section. Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Tibetan breeds section. Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Continental Toy Spaniel and Russian Toy section.
Breed Recognition
What other organizations and kennel clubs recognize these dog breeds?
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Canadian Canine Registry
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Price
Which is cheaper, Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Which is more expensive?
$600-$800 $800-$1200 $400-$600
Availability
Very frequent
Very frequent
Very frequent

Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon General Appearance & Basic Info Comparison

Size
Which is bigger, Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon size comparison:
Small Small Small
Weight
Which is heavier, Maltese or Shih Tzu or Shih Tzu? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon weight comparison:
6.5-9 pounds (3-4 kg) 9–16 pounds (4-7 kg) Male: 8-10 pounds (4-5 kg), Female: 7-9 pounds (3-4 kg)
Avg. Weight
Which dog has a smaller / higher average weight?
6.7 pounds (3.5 kg) 9–16 pounds (5.5 kg) Male: 9 pounds (4.5 kg), Female: 8 pounds (3.5 kg)
Height
Which is taller, Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon height comparison:
Male: 8-10 inches (21-25 cm), Female: 8-9 inches (20-23 cm) 8-11 inches (20-28 cm) Male: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm), Female: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm)
Avg. Height
Which dog has a smaller / higher average height?
Male: 9 inches (23 cm), Female: 8.5 inches (21.5 cm) 9.5 inches (24 cm) Male: 9.5 inches (24 cm), Female: 9.5 inches (24 cm)

Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon Hair & Care Comparison

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat/fur do they have? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon coat comparison:
Feathered Dense Feathered
Colors
What are the original Maltese, Shih Tzu and Papillon color?
White Brindle
Liver
Silver
Blue
Gold
Red
Black
White
Red
Tan
Lemon
Sable
Black
Grooming
Which is easy to maintain, Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon grooming comparison:
Average: The Maltese requires average grooming effort.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Average: The Papillon requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Who sheds more Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Maltese or Shih Tzu or {name3 shedding:
Malteses shed none to minimal.
Shih Tzus shed none to minimal.
Papillons shed none to minimal.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
Which dog should be bathed more: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
6-8 weeks
Rarely.
4-6 weeks
Average.
6-8 weeks
Rarely.

Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon Characteristics Comparison

Temperament
Which one has a better personality? Which is a better family dog, Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon behavior/temperament comparison:
Active
Easygoing
Intelligent
Responsive
Docile
Gentle
Playful
Sweet
Tempered
Active
Friendly
Happy
Lively
Playful
Courageous
Gentle
Intelligent
Outgoing
Alert
Friendly
Energetic
Happy
Intelligent
Intelligent Rank
Which is the smarter dog? Which is best? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon intelligence:
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
Low: The Shih Tzu if one of the dog breeds that have the lowest degree of obedience intelligence.
Outstanding: Papillon is one of the brightest dog breeds.
Trainability
Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon trainability comparison.
Malteses are quite easy to train.
Shih Tzus are quite easy to train.
Papillons are easy to train.
Playfulness
Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon playfulness comparison:
Malteses, like any other dog breed, like playing.
Shih Tzus are not the most playful dog breed.
The Papillon is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Which dog is more sensitive? What's the difference?
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Shih Tzus have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Papillons have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
Affection Level
Which is the more affectionate dog breed: Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon?
Malteses are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Shih Tzus are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Papillons are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon social needs comparison:
Malteses need a lot of social interaction.
Shih Tzus need a lot of social interaction.
Papillons need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Which dog barks more/less: Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon?
Nagyon sokat: Maltese kimondottan hangos fajta.
Nagyon sokat: Shih Tzu kimondottan hangos fajta.
Nagyon sokat: Papillon kimondottan hangos fajta.
Watchdog Ability
Which is the better watchdog: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Malteses are average watchdogs.
Shih Tzus are average watchdogs.
Papillons are average watchdogs.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Which dog is most likely to protect its owner? Which is the best dog to use for protection?
Malteses strongly protect their territory.
Shih Tzus strongly protect their territory.
Papillons strongly protect their territory.
Biting Potential
Which breed of dog is most likely to bite? Biting potential comparison:
Low
The Maltese has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Shih Tzu has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Papillon has a low chance of biting somebody.
Bite Force
Which bite is stronger: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Between 100 and 200 PSI
The weakest: Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI.
Between 100 and 200 PSI
The weakest: Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI.
Between 100 and 200 PSI
The weakest: Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI.
Mouthiness
Which is the better dog? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon mouthiness comparison:
Malteses have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Shih Tzus have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Papillons have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Which dog has a greater roaming instinct?
Malteses are not the biggest explorers.
Shih Tzus tend to escape less than other breeds.
Papillons are not the biggest explorers.
Prey Drive
Which dog has a higher prey drive? Which can be better for hunting?
Malteses have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Shih Tzus have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Papillons have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Apartment Friendly
Which dog is more apartment friendly Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Kimondottan lakásbarát kutya Maltese fajta.
Kimondottan lakásbarát kutya Shih Tzu fajta.
Nem a legjobb választás Papillon, ha lakásban szeretnéd tartani, ugyanakkor alapos lemozgatással, napi többszöri sétával tolerálják a benti körülményeket is, így megoldható Papillon tartása lakásban.
Adaptability
Which dog has a higher adaptability potential? Which is the better dog?
Malteses adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Shih Tzus adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Papillons adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Which dog can be left alone: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Malteses tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Shih Tzus tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Papillons tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon Good With Comparison

Stranger Friendly
Which dog is more stranger friendly Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Which dog is more friendly?
Malteses are very stranger friendly dogs.
Shih Tzus are average friendly towards strangers.
Papillons are very stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Which dog is more child/kid friendly Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Malteses are kid-friendly dogs.
Shih Tzus are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
Papillons are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Which dog is more cat friendly Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Malteses are very cat-friendly dogs.
Shih Tzus are very cat-friendly dogs.
Papillons are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Which dog is more dog friendly Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Malteses are very dog-friendly dogs.
Shih Tzus are very dog-friendly dogs.
Papillons are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Which dog is good for the first-time owners: Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon?
No
Malteses are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Yes
Shih Tzus are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Yes
Papillons are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Which one could be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog
Which one could be a therapy dog: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Which is better for autism?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Which one could be a detection/sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Office Friendly
Which one fits better in the office?
No
Maltese is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Shih Tzu is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Papillon is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Which one could be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Which dog is good for elderly people?
Malteses are usually recommended for elderly people.
Shih Tzus are not the best breed for elderly people.
Papillons are usually recommended for elderly people.
Boat Dog
Which one could be a boat dog: Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon?
Not really
Maltese breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Shih Tzu breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Papillon breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Pet Friendly
Which dog breeds get along well with other animals/pets?
Malteses are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Shih Tzus are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Papillons are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Which one could be a cart pulling or drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon Health Factors Comparison

Health Issues
Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon health comparison. Which is the healthier: Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon?
The Maltese is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Shih Tzu is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The Papillon is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
Which one has more or less genetic/health problems: Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon? What are the allergies, genetic diseases and concerns for them? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon health problems comparison:
Collapsed Trachea
Hypoglycemia
Patellar Luxation
Portosystemic Liver Shunt
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Reverse Sneezing
White Dog Shaker Syndrome
Allergies
Bladder Stones
Distichiasis
Dry Eye
Ear Infections
Ectopic Cilia
Hip Dysplasia
Juvenile Renal Dysplasia
Keratitis
Patellar Luxation
Portosystemic Liver Shunt
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Proptosis
Retained Baby Teeth
Reverse Sneezing
Snuffles
Umbilical Hernias
Collapsed Trachea
Hypoglycemia
Open Fontanel
Patellar Luxation
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Veterinarian Visits
Which one may need more or less veterinary visits?
Average
The Maltese should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year.
Average
The Shih Tzu should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year.
Average
The Papillon should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year.
Life Expectancy
Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon lifespan comparison. How long do Maltese, Shih Tzu and Papillon breeds live? Which one has a longer lifespan/life expectancy?
15-18 years 10-16 years 13-16 years
Hypoallergenic
Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon hypoallergenic comparison. Which dog is hypoallergenic or not?
Yes Yes No
Energy Level
Who has more energy a Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon energy level comparison:
Malteses have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Shih Tzus have a lower energy level than other dogs.
Papillons have a higher energy level than other dog breeds.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon exercise need comparison. Which dog needs more activity? Which dog needs the most exercise: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon? Which dog needs the most walking? Which dog is the laziest?
Malteses exercise need is very minimal.
Shih Tzus exercise need is minimal.
Papillons need a lot of exercises.
Sleeping Need
Which one sleeps the least/most: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Malteses sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Shih Tzus like sleeping so they do sleep a lot.
Papillons are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping.
Avg. daily food consumption
Which dog eats more: Maltese or Shih Tzu or Papillon?
Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. Recommended daily amount: 1/2 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day. 1/4 to 1 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
Which dog breed is more prone to obesity? Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon weight gain potential comparison:
Average.
Average to High.
Average.
Weather & Climate
Which dog is best for hot or cold weather: Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon?
Prefers warm weather Tolerates warm and cold weather. Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness
Which dog breed smells least? Which dog smells most? Which is best, Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon?
Medium
The Maltese has an average chance of bad smell.
Low
The Shih Tzu has a low chance of bad smell.
Low
The Papillon has a low chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
Which dog drools the most? Which dog drools the least?
The Maltese is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Shih Tzu is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Papillon is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.

Maltese vs Shih Tzu vs Papillon Reproducibility Comparison

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
Litter Frequency Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size
How many puppies can Maltese and Shih Tzu and Papillon have?
3-5 puppies 2-5 puppies 2-4 puppies

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