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Pug vs Puli vs Pumi – Which one is a better dog breed for you?

"Find similarities and differences between Pug vs Puli vs Pumi" Compare Pug and Puli. Which is better: Pug or Puli or Pumi?
Name Pug Puli Pumi
OriginsChina Hungary Hungary
Group Companion Dogs Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs) Working Dogs
Popularity Rank31142162
Reviews621
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Other Names Mops, Carlin, Chinese Pug, Dutch Bulldog, Dutch Mastiff, Mini Mastiff Hungarian Puli, Hungarian Water Dog, Puli Dog, Puli Kutya, Pulik Hungarian Pumi, Hungarian Herding Terrier
Breed Type Purebred Purebred Purebred
AKC Group Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Toy breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1936 as a Herding breed. Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2016 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Small Molossian type Dogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section. Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
American Kennel Club
America's Pet Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Australian National Kennel Council
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
American Canine Registry
America's Pet Registry
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Federation Cynologique Internationale
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Canine Association, Inc.
Continental Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
Foundation Stock Service
Price $300-$500 $1000-$1200 $500-$1200

General Appearance - Pug vs Puli vs Pumi

Size Small Medium Medium
Weight Male: 13-20 pounds (6-9 kg), Female: 13-18 pounds (6-8 kg) Male: 25-35 pounds (11-16 kg), Female: 20-30 pounds (9-14 kg) Male: 22–33 pounds (10-15 kg), Female: 18–29 pounds (8-13 kg)
Avg. Weight Male: 16.5 pounds (7.5 kg), Female: 15.5 pounds (7 kg) Male: 30 pounds (13.5 kg), Female: 25 pounds (11.5 kg) Male: 22–33 pounds (12.5 kg), Female: 18–29 pounds (10.5 kg)
Height Male: 12-14 inches (30-36 cm), Female: 10-12 inches (25-30 cm) Male: 16-17½ inches (41-46 cm), Female: 14½-16 inches (36-41 cm) Male: 16-19 inches (41-47 cm), Female : 14-17 inches (38-44 cm)
Avg. Height Male: 13 inches (33 cm), Female: 11 inches (27.5 cm) Male: 16-17.5 inches (43.5 cm), Female: 14.5-16 inches (38.5 cm) Male: 17.5 inches (44 cm), Female : 15.5 inches (41 cm)

Hair & Care - Pug vs Puli vs Pumi

Coat Fine Dense
Curly
Wavy
Thick
Double
Woolly
Ribbon
Tangled
Heavy
Corded
Wiry
Dense
Curly
Wavy
Colors Fawn
Black
White
Cream
Silver
Brown
Black
White
Black
Grey in various shades (normally, the colour at birth is black, turning grey with time)
Fawn. Primary colours: red, yellow, cream (a trace of black or grey and a distinct mask are desirable).
Grooming
Effortless: The Pug requires minimal grooming.
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
Average: The Pumi requires average grooming effort.
Shedding Level
Pugs shed above average.
Pulis shed none to minimal.
Pumis shed moderately.

Characteristics - Pug vs Puli vs Pumi

Temperament Affectionate
Courageous
Intelligent
Going
Loyal
Cheerful
Gentle
Friendly
Playful
Agile
Faithful
Loyal
Energetic
Intelligent
Obedient
Smart
Home-Loving
Active
Lively
Reserved
Intelligent
Protective
Vocal
Alert
Restless
Extremely Bold
Suspicious Towards Strangers
Sensitive
Noisy
Intelligent Rank
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
Smart: Puli's has great intelligence.
Average: Pumi's has average obedience intelligence.
Trainability
Pugs aren't famous for their trainability.
Pulis are easy to train.
Pumis are easy to train.
Playfulness
Pugs, like any other dog breed, like playing.
The Puli is a playful breed.
The Pumi is a highly playful breed.
Sensitivity Level
Pugs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed.
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds.
Pumis are less sensitive than other dog breeds.
Affection Level
Pugs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Pulis are highly affectionate dogs.
Pumis are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers.
Social Needs
Pugs need a lot of social interaction.
Pulis need for social interaction is average.
Pumis need a lot of social interaction.
Barking
Average: The Pug barks occasionally.
Average to high: The Puli is a vocal breed.
High: The Pumi is a very vocal breed.
Watchdog Ability
Pugs are average watchdogs.
Pulis are one of the best watchdogs.
Pumis are one of the best watchdogs.
Territorial
Pugs strongly protect their territory.
Pulis are extremely protective guard dogs.
Pumis strongly protect their territory.
Biting Potential Low
The Pug has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Puli has a low chance of biting somebody.
Low
The Pumi has a low chance of biting somebody.
Mouthiness
Pugs have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Pulis have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Pumis have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
Pugs tend to escape less than other breeds.
Pulis have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
Pumis have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
Prey Drive
Pugs have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Pulis have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds.
Pumis have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen.
Apartment Friendly
Pugs are very apartment-friendly dogs.
Pulis are not apartment-friendly dogs.
Pumis are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Pugs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Pulis adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
Pumis adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Pugs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner.
Pumis tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With - Pug vs Puli vs Pumi

Stranger Friendly
Pugs are very stranger friendly dogs.
Pulis are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Pumis are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Pugs are kid-friendly dogs.
Pulis are kid-friendly dogs.
Pumis are kid-friendly dogs.
Cat Friendly
Pugs are very cat-friendly dogs.
Pulis are average friendly towards cats.
Pumis are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Pugs are very dog-friendly dogs.
Pulis are average friendly towards other dogs.
Pumis are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly No
Pug is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Puli is not the best dog breed for office environment.
No
Pumi is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Pugs are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pulis are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pumis are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Pugs are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Pulis are generally with other pets.
Pumis are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners No
Pugs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
No
Pulis are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Yes
Pumis are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog.
Therapy Dog Yes
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people.
Boat Dog Not really
Pug breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Puli breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Not really
Pumi breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.

Health Factors - Pug vs Puli vs Pumi

Health Issues
Very healthy dog breed.
The Puli is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Pumis tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
Health Problems Allergies
Cheyletiella Dermatitis
Corneal Ulcers
Demodectic Mange
Distichiasis
Dry Eye
Entropion
Epilepsy
Hemi-vertebrae
Hip Dysplasia
Legg-perthes Disease
Nerve Degeneration
Patellar Luxation
Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Proptosis
Pug Dog Encephalitis
Staphylococcus Infection
Vaccination Sensitivity
Yeast Infection
No set Degenerative Myelopathy
Elbow Dysplasia
Hip Dysplasia
Patellar Luxation
Primary Lens Luxation
Life Expectancy 12-15 years 12-16 years 12-15 years
Hypoallergenic No Yes Yes
Energy Level
Pugs have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Pulis are high energy dogs.
Pumis are high energy dogs.
Exercise Need
Pugs exercise need is minimal.
Pulis need quite a lot of exercise.
Pumis need quite a lot of exercise.
Sleeping Need
Pugs sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Pulis don't need too much sleep.
Pumis don't need too much sleep.
Avg. daily food consumption 1/2 to 1 cup dry food a day. 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals. 1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
High: The Pug breed has a strong tendency to overweight.
Average.
Average.
Weather & Climate Prefers average to warm weather conditions Tolerates warm and cold weather. Tolerates warm and cold weather.
Stinkiness High
The Pug has a high chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Puli has an average chance of bad smell.
Medium
The Pumi has an average chance of bad smell.
Drooling tendency
The Pug is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Puli is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
The Pumi is an average drooler.

Reproducibility - Pug vs Puli vs Pumi

Gestation Length 60-64 days 60-64 days 60-64 days
How often can the have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy.
Litter Size 2-4 puppies 4-6 puppies 4-6 puppies

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