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Pumi Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Pumi so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Working Dogs
Popularity Rank162
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Other Names
What other names does the Pumi have? The dog breed also known as...
Hungarian Pumi, Hungarian Herding Terrier
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group
Is Pumi recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2016 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Is Pumi recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Pumi breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerica's Pet RegistryDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Continental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubFoundation Stock Service
How much does the Pumi puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Pumi price:
If you choose to purchase the Pumi, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Pumi for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Pumi gets to a happy place.

Pumi History

Pumi is a sheepdog from the herding breed closely related to the long-haired, but more well-known Puli, both originating from the Central-European country, Hungary. Pumis were bred to guard and to shepherd the cattle and the sheep. The development of the breed is probably can be traced back to the Tsang Apso (the Tibetan Terrier). The breed is an ancient one, regarding the fact that it was introduced during the migration of the Hungarian people from Central Asia more than 1100 years ago. The ancestral Hungarian sheepdog appears to have been brought to the west during the migration from the Ural-Altay regions around 800 AD.

Others suggest that the Pumi is a result of a later crossbreeding of French and German sheepdogs, such as the Briard, Pomeranians, the Spitz, and several other varieties of terriers during the 17th and the 18th century. The breed evolved spontaneously and was not the result of a well-planned breeding process. In the 18th century, a lot of Merino sheep were imported to Hungary, with small Pyrenean Mountain Dogs that was also a major contribution to the development of the Pumi with their signature short and curly coats.

The first drawing representing a Pumi is from 1815, from Hungary, where the dog was portrayed while working on the fields with sheep. The founder of the Hungarian Academy of Science (MTA), Count István Széchenyi was the first to initiate the breeding of pedigree dogs in Hungary. During the late 19th century, within the Austro-Hungarian empire, breeding of native Hungarian dogs was discouraged. In spite of that, in the early 20th century, more precisely in 1902, the first distinction between the Puli and the Pumi was published because Hungarians started to separate their herding dogs into various breeds. In the 1910s controlled and well-planned breeding began, yet many large herds and their dogs were lost during the First World War, and later the subsequent division of Hungary. Later the geographic separation of Hungarian breeds became clearer within borders, the Puli was common on the east Hungarian plains, the Pumi in the hills of West Hungary.

In 1921, a breed standard was created for the Pumi by Dr. Emil Raitsits, who referred to the Pumi as a “sheepdog terrier”. The breed's population rose between the two world wars, with 130 dogs registered in 1924. Also, around that time, the breed entered into both national and international dog shows as working dogs. Being a fancier of the breed, Dr. Raitsits was determined to preserve the breed’s typical terrier qualities and behaviors. In 1927 the breed Puli and Pumi were officially separated and the Pumi standard drawn by Dr. Raitsits was approved by the FCI in 1935. The FCI also gave the Pumi its official scientific name in Latin after Dr. Raitsits.

After the Second World War breeding became possible again. The Pumi was first introduced to the Scandinavian region in 1972 when the breed was exported to Finland, where even to this day the Pumi is one of the most popular herding dogs. They also conquered Sweden, the Netherlands, Italy, and in the early 1990s even the United States.

The Hungarian government named the Pumi as one of its eight indigenous dog breeds in 2016 and also created a gene bank to preserve the breed’s true and unique characteristics.

Photo Gallery of the Pumi Breed

Pumi General Appearance & Basic Info

What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Pumi size:
How much does the Pumi weigh? Pumi weight:
Male: 22–33 pounds (10-15 kg), Female: 18–29 pounds (8-13 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Pumi? Pumi average weight:
Male: 22–33 pounds (12.5 kg), Female: 18–29 pounds (10.5 kg)
How tall is the Pumi? Pumi height:
Male: 16-19 inches (41-47 cm), Female : 14-17 inches (38-44 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Pumi average height:
Male: 17.5 inches (44 cm), Female : 15.5 inches (41 cm)

Pumi Hair & Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Pumi have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Pumi's coat?
WhiteBlackGrey in various shades (normally, the colour at birth is black, turning grey with time)Fawn. Primary colours: red, yellow, cream (a trace of black or grey and a distinct mask are desirable).A white mark on the chest less than 3 cm in diameter and/or a white line on the toes are not faulty. The coat colour must always be intense and solid.
How to groom the Pumi and how often?
Average: The Pumi requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Pumi, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Pumi dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Hungarian Pumi? Pumi shedding level:
Pumis shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Pumi Characteristics

What kind of personality does the Pumi have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
ActiveLivelyReservedIntelligentProtectiveVocalAlertRestlessExtremely BoldSuspicious Towards StrangersSensitiveNoisy
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Pumi? Are they intelligent?
Átlagos: Átlagos intelligenciájú Pumi. Türelemre van szükség ahhoz, hogy ezt a fajtát bármilyen trükkre és parancsra megtanítsd, ám az erőfeszítés megéri. Megértik és megjegyzik az új parancsokat átlagosan 25–40 ismétlés után.
Are Pumi dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Pumis are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
The Pumi is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Pumi sensitivity:
Pumis are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well. They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, noisy or office environment and frequent guest visits.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Pumis are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Hungarian Pumi need? Pumi social needs:
Pumis need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Pumi dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Hungarian Herding Terrier bark?
Nagyon sokat: Pumi kimondottan hangos fajta. Gyakran élvezik az ugatást és a hangos vonyítást. Ha csendes kutyát szeretnél, nem a legjobb választás. Az ugatás legfontosabb kiváltó okai: félelem, figyelemfelkeltés, riasztás, unalom, üdvözlés, szeparációs szorongás, kényszeres ugatás és védekezés.
Watchdog Ability
Is Pumi good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Pumis are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Pumi dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Pumi dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Pumis strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Pumi bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Hungarian Pumi? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Pumi? Why do dog bites happen?
The Pumi has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Pumi do?
Pumis have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pumis need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Pumi to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Pumi roam?
Pumis have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Pumi have high prey drive?
Pumis have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is Pumi good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem a legjobb választás Pumi, ha lakásban szeretnéd tartani, ugyanakkor alapos lemozgatással, napi többszöri sétával tolerálják a benti körülményeket is, így megoldható Pumi tartása lakásban.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pumis adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Pumis tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Pumi dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Pumi Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Pumi temperament with other people:
Pumis are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Pumi dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Pumi temperament with children:
Pumis are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Pumi dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Pumis are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Pumi good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Pumi dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Pumis are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly
Are Pumis good office dogs? Do Pumis make good office friendly dogs? Can Pumis be office dogs?
Pumi is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Pumi dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Hungarian Pumi temperament with senior people? Are Pumi dogs good for elderly owners?
Pumis are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Pumi dogs get along with other pets? Are Pumi dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pumis are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Pumi breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Pumis are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Pumi be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Pumi is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Pumi be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Pumi be an emotional support animal?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Pumi is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Pumi be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Pumi is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Pumi be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Pumi is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Pumi be a boat dog?
Not really
Pumi breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Pumi be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Pumi is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Pumi Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Pumi dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Pumis tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds. Regular vet check-ups are needed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Pumi breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Pumi breed? Most common health risks of Pumi:
Degenerative MyelopathyElbow DysplasiaHip DysplasiaPatellar LuxationPrimary Lens Luxation
Life Expectancy
How long do Pumi dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Pumi be?
12-15 years
Is the Pumi breed hypoallergenic?
Pumis do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Pumi have? What is the activity level of the Pumi?
Pumis are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Pumi dogs require per day?
Pumis need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Pumis don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Pumi need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Pumi risk for obesity:
Average. The Pumi has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Pumi's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Pumi has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Pumi drool?
The Pumi is an average drooler. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Pumi Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Pumi: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Pumi have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
If you want to contact a reputed breeder, here are our suggestions: Pumi Club of Hungary
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Pumi have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Pumi Pros & Cons

  • Trainability: Pumis are easy to train.
  • Hypoallergenic: Pumis do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Watchdog Ability: Pumis are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Pumis adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Pumis are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pumis are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pumis are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Health Issues: Pumis tend to have more and frequent health issues than other breeds.
  • Mouthiness: Pumis have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Pumis have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Pumis tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Pumi is not the best dog breed for office environment.

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Pumi Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • Pumi Owner

    Jan 26, 2021, 12:10:31 AM:

    Who wrote this article? Do you actually own a Pumi? No one in their right mind who owns a Pumi would call it "easy going." Or "good for first time owners." This is a high-drive sheep herding dog that needs regular (and constant) exercise.