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Puli Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Puli so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank142
Reviews1
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OriginHungary
Other Names
What other names does the Puli have? The dog breed also known as...
Hungarian Puli, Hungarian Water Dog, Puli Dog, Puli Kutya, Pulik
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Puli recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1936 as a Herding breed.
FCI Group
Is Puli recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Sheepdogs and Cattledogs (except Swiss Cattledogs) group, in the Sheepdogs section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Puli breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club
Price
How much does the Puli puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Puli price:
$1000-$1200
If you choose to purchase the Puli, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Puli for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Puli gets to a happy place.

Overview

The Hungarian Puli is a cattle dog breed. Their trademark is the unique ribbon and tangled outer coat. A proper Puli coat might seem like a mop, as The New York Times once wrote. The Hungarian Water dog breed standard is the rounded head with a thick outer coat that is hardly separate from its body because its neck is virtually invisible due to its long hair. The soft wooly outer coat eventually cords after puppyhood. The long dense coat is heavy, but it doesn't decrease the dog's high energy level. A proper Puli coat consists of a coarse top coat and a finer undercoat. The breed standard is the advanced jaw and strong teeth. As the breed standard, their intersecting teeth are closed like scissors. His eyes are dark brown, looking intelligent, but the dense hair of the head covers the eyes as a shield. As a herding dog and a cattle dog, their sight is excellent. The Hungarian Water dog breed has wide hanging ears that are almost unnoticed from the ribbons of their coat. His back is straight and tight. As the breed standard, his tail is bent over his back, so it melts to his hair. The chest of this dog is long and deep, his belly is slightly raised. The Puli breed's limbs are well muscled, straight and parallel. The hind limbs also have good muscles. This makes the Puli a tireless and very high energy level herding dog. His paws are strong, round, black or grey.

In this Dogs 101 video, you can find a brief summary of the Puli breed information. 

 

History

Is the Puli dog breed originated in Hungary?

It's impossible to find out exactly where it came from, but the drawings of a corded coat dog from the 1700s and written memories make it clear that this ancient dog breed of the Hungarians was this ribbon coated dog, probably the Puli. The name itself can easily come from the word poodle. The Hungarian Water dog can be a relative of the poodle, although the poodle wasn't a shepherd dog, it was a hunting dog. It's certain that the Hungarian ancestors had once come to Asia during their migration and the canine was brought to Hungary because they were the main helper of the people by being excellent herding dogs and cattle dogs. Their double coat makes them an ideal mountain dog as well. In the 1900s there was a turning point in the breed's life since the Puli was re-discovered, but not as a sheepdog. As the structure of agriculture changed, the tasks and the job opportunity of the Hungarian Puli decreased. Of course, this doesn't mean that they have completely lost their herding dog skills as a cattle dog, but the possibilities of their usage have been enlarged, as they became guard dogs and watchdogs.

After the World Wars, the Puli became unpopular. In the 1960s, Imre Ócsag started breeding the pooch again. There was a lot of debate about the color and size of the Puli breed, but ultimately the hues of today's colors and the breed standards set by the final breed standard were formed. The Puli coat varies mostly at white and black fur color. His popularity fell, which was good for him, as he wasn't an over-grown fashion dog.

The United States Department of Agriculture imported four purebred Hungarian Puli dog in 1935 to help American agriculturists concerned with the problem of shepherd dogs which often killed the animals so they started to lose control over them. The Puli was bred among themselves and crossed with the German Shepherd, the Chow Chow and perhaps with two Turkish herding breeds which were quartered there at the time. On the experiments and tests given by researchers there, Puli dogs scored between 75 and 85, where the other herding group scored in the range of 12 to 14. Because tests were inconclusive, they were never published. When World War II broke out, the Puli breed was sold off to professional breeders, and it's thought that it's from these four dogs and their descendants that history of the Puli in the USA began. This breed was accepted by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1936 and the Puli Club of America was founded in 1951. In 1972 it was an international exhibition where nearly a hundred Puli took part. It has become increasingly popular abroad. In the countries of Europe, America, Canada, and Australia, there are separate Puli clubs. The Hungarian government declared the breed as a national treasure in 2004 (including other Hungarian dog breeds like Komondor, Kuvasz, Mudi, Pumi, Hungarian Greyhound, Wirehaired Vizsla, Vizsla, and Transylvanian Hound).

Nowadays only a couple of hundred Puli puppies are registered each year in the USA. Although thanks to the Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, this herding dog becoming more and more popular today both in the United States and in Hungary, and hopefully in the whole world.

With Puli's popularity, it has become a protagonist for TV commercials in America.

 

And one more video:

 

Photo Gallery of the Puli Breed

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Puli size:
Medium
Weight
How much does the Puli weigh? Puli weight:
Male: 25-35 pounds (11-16 kg), Female: 20-30 pounds (9-14 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Puli? Puli average weight:
Male: 30 pounds (13.5 kg), Female: 25 pounds (11.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Puli? Puli height:
Male: 16-17½ inches (41-46 cm), Female: 14½-16 inches (36-41 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Puli average height:
Male: 16-17.5 inches (43.5 cm), Female: 14.5-16 inches (38.5 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Puli have? What does this canine coat look like?
DenseCurlyWavyThickDoubleWoollyRibbonTangledHeavyCorded These are the most typical, but never silky.
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Puli's coat?
WhiteCreamSilverBrownBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Puli and how often?
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition. The Puli requires grooming on a daily basis. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer is essential. Everyday brushing of the dog's coat is necessary to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath should be on a weekly schedule. Taking good care of your Puli is time consuming and requires excellent grooming skills. If you don't have the time and skill search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Grooming of the tangled coat is advanced. The corded coat protects them from the tough winters, so the Puli can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Shedding Level
How much do Puli dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Hungarian Puli? Puli shedding level:
Pulis shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car covered by dog hair. Puli dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Puli have? What characteristics does the breed have?
AgileFaithfulLoyalEnergeticIntelligentObedientSmartHome-Loving
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Puli? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Puli's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Puli dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Pulis are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Puli is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Puli sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Pulis don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Pulis are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered as an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Hungarian Puli need? Puli social needs:
Pulis need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Puli dogs bark a lot? Why does my Hungarian Water Dog bark?
Average to high: The Puli is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Puli good as a watchdog?
Pulis are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Puli dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do Puli dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Pulis are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Puli can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Puli will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Puli bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Hungarian Puli? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Puli? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Puli has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Puli do?
Pulis have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pulis need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Puli to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Puli roam?
Pulis have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Puli have high prey drive?
Pulis have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Pulis are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Puli good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Pulis are not apartment-friendly dogs. If you don't have a garden, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pulis adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
The adaptability of Puli was formulated by many classical Hungarian writers in novels and books.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Fighting Dog
Where Puli dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Pulis are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
They can be distrustful with strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Puli dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Puli and children:
Pulis are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
There are lots of positive and touching stories about Puli dogs who have changed the lives of people and families. In families where Puli dog kept, they share positive experiences. Pulik are very friendly with the kids, they are reliably behaving with them and they become excellent playmates and companions.
Cat Friendly
How well do Puli dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Pulis are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Puli good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Puli dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Pulis are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly
Are Pulis good office dogs? Do Pulis make good office friendly dogs? Can Pulis be office dogs?
No
Puli is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Puli dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Hungarian Puli temperament with senior people? Are Puli dogs good for elderly owners?
Pulis are usually recommended for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Puli dogs get along with other pets? Are Puli dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pulis are generally with other pets.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Puli breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Pulis are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Puli be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Puli is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Puli be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Puli is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Puli be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Puli is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Puli be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Puli is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Puli be a boat dog?
Not really
Puli breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Puli be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Puli is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Puli dogs have health problems?
The Puli is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
The most typical diseases are Hip Dysplasia, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) and Cataracts.
Life Expectancy
How long do Puli dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Puli be?
12-16 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Puli breed hypoallergenic?
Yes
Pulis do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Puli have?
Pulis are high energy dogs. Active lifestyle makes them happy.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Puli dogs require per day?
Pulis need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Pulis don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Puli need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Puli risk for obesity:
Average. The Puli has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Puli's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather.Weather-resistant, because the raging heat, the chilly cold, the harsh, hard herding work resisted the breed from the extreme weather conditions.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Puli has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Puli drool?
The Puli is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Puli could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Puli. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Puli pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Puli pregnancy time period:
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Puli: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Puli have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Puli have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Pros & Cons of Puli

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Puli's has great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Pulis are easy to train.
  • Hypoallergenic: Pulis do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Shedding Level: Pulis shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling tendency: The Puli is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Pulis are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: Pulis adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Pulis are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pulis are usually recommended for elderly people.
Cons
  • Apartment Friendly: Pulis are not apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Grooming: Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Pulis have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Office Friendly: Puli is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pulis are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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Reviews

  • Reed Keltner

    Dec 13, 2020, 6:28:05 PM:

    Great article I love my puli Lou!

  • Petra

    Sep 28, 2018, 9:32:05 PM: