American Eskimo Dog Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about American Eskimo Dog so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
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American Eskimo Dog dog profile picture
OriginUnited States flagUnited States Germany flagGermany
Other Names
What other names does the American Eskimo Dog have?
American SpitzEskieEskimo Spitz
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

American Eskimo Dog Price and Availability

Price
How much does the American Eskimo Dog puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is {name_prefix}?
$600-$800
If you choose to purchase the American Eskimo Dog, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a American Eskimo Dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the American Eskimo Dog gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a American Eskimo Dog? How many American Eskimo Dog are there in the world?
Frequent: The American Eskimo Dog is easier than average to get. Maybe there is some risk of overbreeding, as it is a popular breed.

Due to its popularity, inbreeding may occur. A new study shows that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful and seek the help of an experienced person or a professional, in making your decision.

American Eskimo Dog Size

Size
Is {name_prefix} small, medium or large dog?

How big do American Eskimo Dog get?

Medium
Weight
How much does the American Eskimo Dog weigh? How much should the American Eskimo Dog breed weight?
Toy: 6-10 pounds (3-5 kg)Standard: 18-35 pounds (8-16 kg), Miniature: 10-17 pounds (5-8 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of {name_prefix}?
Toy: 8 pounds (4 kg)Standard: 26.5 pounds (12 kg), Miniature: 13.5 pounds (6.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the American Eskimo Dog? American Eskimo Dog height:
Toy: 9-12 inches (22-30 cm)Standard: 15-20 inches (49-50 cm), Miniature: 12-15 inches (30-40 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of {name_prefix}?
Toy: 10.5 inches (26 cm)Standard: 17.5 inches (49.5 cm), Miniature: 13.5 inches (35 cm)

American Eskimo Dog Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the American Eskimo Dog have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Fluffy
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper American Eskimo Dog's coat?
WhiteBiscuit
Grooming
How to groom the American Eskimo Dog and how often?
Average: The American Eskimo Dog requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your American Eskimo Dog, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do American Eskimo Dog dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the American Spitz?
American Eskimo Dogs are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the American Eskimo Dog need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my American Eskimo Dog every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing. Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

American Eskimo Dog Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the American Eskimo Dog have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AlertFriendlyIntelligentEnergeticIndependentProtective
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the American Eskimo Dog? Is the American Eskimo Dog breed dumb or smart?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. American Eskimo Dog obey the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.

The American Eskimo Dog ranks below average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.

Trainability
Are American Eskimo Dog dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
American Eskimo Dogs are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The American Eskimo Dog is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? American Eskimo Dog sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. American Eskimo Dogs don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is {name_prefix} a good family dog?
High: American Eskimo Dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the American Spitz need? American Eskimo Dog social needs:
American Eskimo Dogs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do American Eskimo Dog dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my American Spitz bark?
A lot: American Eskimo Dog is a particularly loud breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. If you want a quiet dog, not the best choice. The main triggers for barking are fear, attention, alarm, boredom, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking, and defense.
Watchdog Ability
Is American Eskimo Dog good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
American Eskimo Dogs are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the American Eskimo Dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do American Eskimo Dog dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
American Eskimo Dogs are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend its territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do American Eskimo Dog bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the American Spitz? What are the odds of getting bitten by a American Eskimo Dog? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The American Eskimo Dog has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the American Eskimo Dog has a hard bite? What is the bite force of {name_prefix}?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

American Eskimo Dog bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The American Eskimo Dog, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained. However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the American Eskimo Dog do?
American Eskimo Dogs have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but American Eskimo Dogs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the American Eskimo Dog to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does American Eskimo Dog roam?
American Eskimo Dogs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does American Eskimo Dog have high prey drive?
American Eskimo Dogs have an average prey drive, which means that they don't have a high impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals, but it might happen. Training can help to achieve good behavior.
Apartment Friendly
Is American Eskimo Dog good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Very house-friendly dog the American Eskimo Dog breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: American Eskimo Dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can you leave the American Eskimo Dog alone?
American Eskimo Dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

American Eskimo Dog Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? American Eskimo Dog temperament with other people:
American Eskimo Dogs are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do American Eskimo Dog dogs get along with other pets? Are American Eskimo Dog dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
American Eskimo Dogs are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are American Eskimo Dog dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? American Eskimo Dog temperament with children:
American Eskimo Dogs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do American Eskimo Dog dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the American Eskimo Dog breed live with a cat?
American Eskimo Dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is American Eskimo Dog good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do American Eskimo Dog dogs get along with other dogs?
American Eskimo Dogs are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the American Eskimo Dog can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is American Eskimo Dog breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is American Eskimo Dog breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
American Eskimo Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are American Eskimo Dogs good office dogs? Do American Eskimo Dogs make good office friendly dogs? Can American Eskimo Dogs be office dogs?
No
American Eskimo Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do American Eskimo Dog dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the American Spitz temperament with senior people? Are American Eskimo Dog dogs good for elderly owners?
American Eskimo Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.

American Eskimo Dog Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do American Eskimo Dog dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The American Eskimo Dog is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the American Eskimo Dog breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the American Eskimo Dog breed? Most common health risks of American Eskimo Dog:
CataractsDiabetesHip DysplasiaLegg-perthes DiseasePatellar LuxationProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the American Eskimo Dog breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the American Eskimo Dog see the vet?
Average
The American Eskimo Dog should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do American Eskimo Dog dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a American Eskimo Dog be? What is the age limit of the American Eskimo Dog? How many years can the oldest American Eskimo Dog live?
11-15 years
The average lifespan of American Eskimo Dog: 13 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the American Eskimo Dog breed hypoallergenic?
No
American Eskimo Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the American Eskimo Dog have? What is the activity level of the American Eskimo Dog?
American Eskimo Dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does {name_prefix} need? How much exercise do American Eskimo Dog dogs require per day?
American Eskimo Dogs need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the American Eskimo Dog breed need?
American Eskimo Dogs don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does {name_prefix} need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does {name_prefix} breed eat per day? What is good dog food for American Eskimo Dog? How much food should I feed my American Eskimo Dog?
1/2 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? American Eskimo Dog risk for obesity:
Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the American Eskimo Dog's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the American Eskimo Dog's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers cold weather
The American Eskimo Dog can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog. Dogs can suffer from frostbite and hypothermia in extremely cold weather, so it is important to take precautions to keep your dog safe and comfortable during the winter months.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The American Eskimo Dog has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the American Eskimo Dog drool?
The American Eskimo Dog is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the American Eskimo Dog could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the American Eskimo Dog. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

American Eskimo Dog As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can American Eskimo Dog be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). American Eskimo Dog is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can American Eskimo Dog be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a American Eskimo Dog be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. American Eskimo Dog is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can American Eskimo Dog be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. American Eskimo Dog is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can American Eskimo Dog be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The American Eskimo Dog is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can American Eskimo Dog be a boat dog?

Not really

American Eskimo Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can American Eskimo Dog be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. American Eskimo Dog is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where American Eskimo Dog dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

American Eskimo Dog Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is {name_prefix} pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the American Eskimo Dog breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female American Eskimo Dog: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the American Eskimo Dog have in a litter? How many puppies can the American Eskimo Dog breed have for the first time? How many puppies does {name_prefix} have?
4-6 puppies

American Eskimo Dog Recognition

AKC Group
Is American Eskimo Dog recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1994 as a Non-Sporting breed.
FCI Group
Is American Eskimo Dog recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the American Eskimo Dog breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryContinental Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.National Kennel ClubNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.United Kennel Club

American Eskimo Dog Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Trainability: American Eskimo Dogs are easy to train.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the American Eskimo Dog breed.
  • Drooling Tendency: The American Eskimo Dog is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: American Eskimo Dogs are good watchdogs.
  • Child Friendly: American Eskimo Dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: American Eskimo Dogs are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: American Eskimo Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: American Eskimo Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
  • Hypoallergenic: American Eskimo Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Shedding Level: American Eskimo Dogs are heavy shedders.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the American Eskimo Dog's weight, he can easily gain weight.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: American Eskimo Dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: American Eskimo Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.

American Eskimo Dog History

The American Eskimo Dog, also known as the Eskie, is a Spitz-type of dog, which finds its origins in Germany. However, the breed’s true ancestry and development are quite unclear. Regarding their Spitz heritage, they are Nordic dogs, with fox-like appearances, small pricked ears, profuse coats, and carried-up tails.  

The Eskie’s ancestors were brought to America in the 1800s, by German immigrants. Spitz-type of dogs were commonly found in the German immigrant communities. These early dogs were employed as all-around helpers in the farms.  The American Eskimo Dog is thought to be originated from the German Spitz, deriving this conclusion from their place of birth. Presumably, other breeds were also involved in the development process of the Eskie, including the Pomeranian, the Italian Spitz, and the Keeshond. By the beginning of the 19th century, as dog shows and hobby pet keeping was emerging, as a style, it became impossible to keep these eye-catching dogs solely for working purposes on the farms. The breed’s enthusiasts started to show the breed on dog shows, showcasing the Eskie’s agility, and beautiful physical attributes. At that time, traveling circuses were very popular in the United States. The American Eskimo Dog became known as the ultimate circus entertainer in the 19th century, with their astonishing abilities to perform tricks. The Eskie stole everyone’s hearts after dancing to music with clowns at the Barnum and Bailey Circus. The breed also got a huge popularity boost, when a specimen, named Pierre, in 1930, became the first dog to walk across the tight rope several feet up in the air.

As the United States entered into the First World War, in 1917, the breed was renamed from American Spitz to American Eskimo Dog, because of patriotic ideologies. In 1919, the UKC (United Kennel Club) recognized the American Eskimo Dog, even though the breed was lacking standard until 1985. The American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed in 1985, and ten years later, in 1995 the AKC (American Kennel Club) registered the breed too.

Today, in spite of the American Eskimo Dog’s long history, many major kennel clubs still do not recognize the breed. Moreover, some owners still compete their Eskies in international championships as German Spitzes, even though these two breeds have not been considered the same for a very long time now. Today, the breed comes in three varieties in size; the standard, the miniature, and the toy, but usually they are all white-coated. Originally the Eskie had multiple color variations, but breeders always preferred the dogs with the white coat, thus with selective breeding, they managed to build the breed standard around a white dog. Nowadays, the Eskie is still a popular choice by families, who are looking for an intelligent and fun companion.

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American Eskimo Dog Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Jonathan Martinez

    Sep 4, 2020, 5:10:09 PM:

    I’m an Autistic 16 year old, my dog is a very smart and bright dog, he tends to know when someone is sick and protective of the sick person. Very friendly and energetic and is playful!

  • Atziri Carrillo

    Jul 2, 2020, 10:39:25 PM:

    My girl Alaska is a year old and she is the dog smartest dog i’ve met. she’s mischievous, but such a sweetheart. she does extremely well with my border terrier. she’s my best friend , she loves giving kisses and cuddling. Eskies are the best dog breed