• 0

Pomeranian Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Pomeranian so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank22
User Ratings
Compare Compare
OriginGermany Poland
Other Names
What other names does the Pomeranian have? The dog breed also known as...
Pom, Pom Pom, Deutsche Spitze, Zwergspitz, Spitz Nain, Spitz Enano, Zwers
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
AKC Group
Is Pomeranian recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888 as a Toy breed.
FCI Group
Is Pomeranian recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Spitz and primitive types group, in the European Spitz section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Pomeranian breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Kennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubCanadian Canine Registry
How much does the Pomeranian puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Pomeranian price:
If you choose to purchase the Pomeranian, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Pomeranian for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Pomeranian gets to a happy place.

Pomeranian History

The Pomeranian is an iconic breed that is known for its fluffy fur and cute teddy bear face that has stolen hearts all across the globe. This breed was developed in the province of Pomerania from the ancient Spitz breeds and obviously got its name after the historical region which was in the far north on the border of the countries we know today as Poland and Germany. The region was near the Baltic sea and the name derived from the old Slavic expression “po more” which means “near the sea”. However today’s Pomerania is very different from the dogs that the people in Pomeranian used and even the name ‘Pomeranian’ was not yet given to the at the time, but they were known only as German Spitz. Furthermore, Pomeranians are believed to originally have been working Arctic dogs. The old type was a lot bigger in the early days and as they had a thick double coat they were able to work in the harsh Arctic conditions. They were mostly used for sled and load-carrying. Another main job of these bigger dogs was herding sheep which can be recognized in the character of the modern breed as well. Some people also claim that they have a genetic heritage linking them to working dogs from Iceland and Lapland as well as Alaskan Malamute and Samoyed, which may be true because of the way their tail is curled over their back. Although there is evidence that these dogs were living and working across Europe as there was Pomeranian type of dogs in all sorts of different countries such as Italy, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden. Their name was finally given to them sometime in the 18th century when they started breeding them in Pomerania to the modern, small size we know today. We are not 100 percent sure of the exact date but one of the earliest records researchers have found was from 2nd of November 1764 in the diary of a writer named James Boswells, who wrote that “The Frenchman had a Pomeranian dog named Pomer whom he was mighty fond of”. This was the first sentence mentioning Pomeranians ever.

Moreover, even in the early days of the breed, these dogs were very popular. As their popularity grew even further, notable people were said to have Pomeranians including the theologian Martin Luther, the artist Michelangelo, whose dog sat on a satin pillow and watched him paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, the physicist Isaac Newton and even the composer Mozart, whose Pom was named Pimperl and to whom he dedicated an aria. We can say that the influence of the royalty also had a hand in forming the Pomeranian as it is today. Queen Victoria owned a particularly small Pomeranian and choose to breed that trait into the next generation. She started importing smaller dogs from across Europe in a variety of colors. Also, other royals, such as the wife of Napoleon I and King George IV owned Pomeranians. However, the Queen’s love towards the smaller Pomeranians inspired so many English dog fanciers to begin breeding even smaller Poms. From the late 1880s, Pomeranians often had the largest number of entries at Crufts dog shows with the breed standard being stabilized.

In addition, their popularity spread across the Atlantic and this breed were even one of the three dogs that survived the Titanic. Furthermore, in 1888 a Pom named Dick was the first one that entered into the American Kennel Club studbook. In the early 1900s, the American Pomeranian Club was accepted as a member of the AKC and designated as the Parent Club for the breed and by the mid-century, Poms were one of the most popular dog breeds in America. Overall, today they rank 14th among the 155 breeds and varieties registered by the AKC.

Pomeranian General Appearance

What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Pomeranian size:
How much does the Pomeranian weigh? Pomeranian weight:
3-7 pounds (1-3 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Pomeranian? Pomeranian average weight:
5 pounds (2 kg)
How tall is the Pomeranian? Pomeranian height:
7-12 inches (18-30 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Pomeranian average height:
9.5 inches (24 cm)

Pomeranian Hair & Care

What type of coat does the Pomeranian have? What does this canine coat look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Pomeranian's coat?
Blue GrayRedTanBrownOrangeWhiteBlack
How to groom the Pomeranian and how often?
Average: The Pomeranian requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Pomeranian, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Pomeranian dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Pom? Pomeranian shedding level:
Pomeranians shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.

Pomeranian Characteristics

What kind of personality does the Pomeranian have? What characteristics does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Pomeranian? Are they intelligent?
Very smart: Pomeranian is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys for the first command 85% of the time or better.
Are Pomeranian dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Pomeranians are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
Pomeranians, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark as excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Pomeranian sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Pomeranians don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Pomeranians are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Pom need? Pomeranian social needs:
Pomeranians need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Pomeranian dogs bark a lot? Why does my Pom Pom bark?
Average to high: The Pomeranian is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Pomeranian good as a watchdog?
Pomeranians are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered as their main job.
Do Pomeranian dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Pomeranians strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Pomeranian bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Pom? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Pomeranian? Why do dog bites happen?
The Pomeranian has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Pomeranian do?
Pomeranians have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pomeranians need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Pomeranian to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Pomeranian roam?
Pomeranians are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance for escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Pomeranian have high prey drive?
Pomeranians have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
Apartment Friendly
Is Pomeranian good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Pomeranians are very apartment-friendly dogs. Besides the daily walk outside they don't require a big garden.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pomeranians adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Pomeranians tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Pomeranian dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Pomeranian Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Pomeranians are not the most stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Pomeranian dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Pomeranian and children:
Pomeranians are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice for having a puppy from this breed.
Cat Friendly
How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Pomeranians are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Pomeranian good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Pomeranians are average friendly towards other dogs.
Office Friendly
Are Pomeranians good office dogs? Do Pomeranians make good office friendly dogs? Can Pomeranians be office dogs?
Pomeranian is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Pom temperament with senior people? Are Pomeranian dogs good for elderly owners?
Pomeranians are not the best breed for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Pomeranian dogs get along with other pets? Are Pomeranian dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pomeranians are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Pomeranian breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Pomeranians are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Pomeranian be a service dog?
This breed makes good as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Pomeranian breed is a good choice for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Pomeranian be a therapy dog?
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Pomeranian breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Pomeranian be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Pomeranian is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Pomeranian be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Pomeranian is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Pomeranian be a boat dog?
Not really
Pomeranian breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Pomeranian be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Pomeranian is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Pomeranian Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Pomeranian dogs have health problems?
The Pomeranian is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What health problems does the Pomeranian breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Pomeranian breed? Health risks of Pomeranian:
AllergiesCataractsCollapsed TracheaDry EyeEpilepsyHeat IntoleranceHeatstrokeHip DysplasiaHypothyroidismLegg-perthes DiseasePatellar LuxationPatent Ductus ArteriosisSeizures
Life Expectancy
How long do Pomeranian dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Pomeranian be?
12-16 years
Is the Pomeranian breed hypoallergenic?
Pomeranians don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Pomeranian have?
Pomeranians have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Pomeranian dogs require per day?
Pomeranians exercise need is minimal. If you live a slow life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Pomeranians sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered as a lazy breed.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Pomeranian need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Pomeranian risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Pomeranian's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Pomeranian's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to cold weather conditions
The Pomeranian can adapt to well to cold weather conditions, some dogs even can be a good mountain dog.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Pomeranian has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Pomeranian drool?
The Pomeranian is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Pomeranian could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Pomeranian. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Pomeranian Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Pomeranian: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Pomeranian have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Pomeranian have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
2-5 puppies

Pomeranian Pros & Cons

  • Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Pomeranian is an excellent dog breed.
  • Trainability: Pomeranians are easy to train.
  • Apartment Friendly: Pomeranians are very apartment-friendly dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The Pomeranian is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Mouthiness: Pomeranians have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Pomeranians are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Pomeranians adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Cat Friendly: Pomeranians are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Service Dog: This breed makes good as a service dog.
  • Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
  • Hypoallergenic: Pomeranians don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Weight Gain Potential: Average to High.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Pomeranians tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Child Friendly: Pomeranians are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Pomeranian is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Pomeranians are not the best breed for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Pomeranians are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

Rate The Pomeranian Breed

Pomeranian Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • r

    Sep 29, 2021, 2:53:34 AM:

    very loyal and intelligent. Also very cute

  • z

    Apr 10, 2020, 9:29:17 PM:

    Pomeranians are really cute and loyal to their owners. They are also really friendly dogs. There are some Pomeranians who are lower-quality than others, so be sure to choose a reliable seller.