American Water Spaniel Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about American Water Spaniel so you can get to know the breed more.

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American Water Spaniel dog profile picture
OriginUnited States flagUnited States
Other Names
What other names does the American Water Spaniel have?
American Brown SpanielAmerican Brown Water Spaniel
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

American Water Spaniel Price and Availability

Price
How much does the American Water Spaniel puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of an American Water Spaniel in the United States? How much money is an American Water Spaniel?

Where to buy an American Water Spaniel with a good pedigree?

$800-$1000
If you choose to purchase the American Water Spaniel, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a American Water Spaniel for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the American Water Spaniel gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a American Water Spaniel? How many American Water Spaniel are there in the world?
Frequent: The American Water Spaniel is easier than average to get. Maybe there is some risk of overbreeding, as it is a popular breed.

Due to its popularity, inbreeding may occur. A new study shows that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful and seek the help of an experienced person or a professional, in making your decision.

American Water Spaniel Size

Size
Is an American Water Spaniel small, medium or large dog?

How big do American Water Spaniel get?

What is the average size of an American Water Spaniel?

Medium
Weight
How much does the American Water Spaniel weigh? How much should an American Water Spaniel weight? What is the normal weight of an American Water Spaniel? How much does a full-grown American Water Spaniel weight?
25-45 pounds (11-20 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of an American Water Spaniel?
35 pounds (15.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the American Water Spaniel? American Water Spaniel height:
15-18 inches (36-46 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of an American Water Spaniel?
16.5 inches (41 cm)

American Water Spaniel Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the American Water Spaniel have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Curly
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper American Water Spaniel coats?
BrownLiverChocolate
Grooming
How to groom the American Water Spaniel and how often? How often should I take my American Water Spaniel to the groomer?
Average: The American Water Spaniel requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.

Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.

Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.

Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.

If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your American Water Spaniel, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.

Shedding Level
How much do American Water Spaniel dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the American Brown Spaniel? Do American Water Spaniel dogs shed a lot?
American Water Spaniel dogs shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. American Water Spaniel dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the American Water Spaniel need a bath? How often should you give an American Water Spaniel a bath? Can I bathe my American Water Spaniel every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing.

Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

American Water Spaniel Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the American Water Spaniel have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
EnergeticIntelligentProtectiveFriendlyObedientTrainable
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the American Water Spaniel? Is the American Water Spaniel breed dumb or smart?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.

The American Water Spaniel ranks average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.

Trainability
Are American Water Spaniel dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train an American Water Spaniel?
American Water Spaniel dogs are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The American Water Spaniel is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? American Water Spaniel sensitivity:
Sensitive: American Water Spaniel dogs don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits.

This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is an American Water Spaniel a good family dog?
High: American Water Spaniel dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving, and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dogs for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the American Brown Spaniel need? American Water Spaniel social needs:
American Water Spaniel dogs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do American Water Spaniel dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my American Brown Spaniel bark?
Average: The American Water Spaniel barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Watchdog Ability
Is American Water Spaniel good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
American Water Spaniel dogs are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the American Water Spaniel dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do American Water Spaniel dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
American Water Spaniel dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the American Water Spaniel can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the American Water Spaniel will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do American Water Spaniel bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the American Brown Spaniel? What are the odds of getting bitten by a American Water Spaniel? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The American Water Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the American Water Spaniel has a hard bite? What is the bite force of an American Water Spaniel? How much bite force does an American Water Spaniel have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

American Water Spaniel bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The American Water Spaniel, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the American Water Spaniel do?
American Water Spaniel dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but American Water Spaniel dogs need to be taught a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the American Water Spaniel to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does American Water Spaniel roam?
American Water Spaniel dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does American Water Spaniel have high prey drive?
American Water Spaniel dogs have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
Apartment Friendly
Is American Water Spaniel good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have an American Water Spaniel in an apartment?
Very house-friendly dog the American Water Spaniel breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
American Water Spaniel dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can an American Water Spaniel be left alone? How long can you leave an American Water Spaniel alone?
American Water Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.

American Water Spaniel Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? American Water Spaniel temperament with other people:
American Water Spaniel dogs are very stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do American Water Spaniel dogs get along with other pets? Are American Water Spaniel dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
American Water Spaniels are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are American Water Spaniel dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? American Water Spaniel temperament with children:
American Water Spaniel dogs are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do American Water Spaniel dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the American Water Spaniel breed live with a cat?
American Water Spaniel dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is American Water Spaniel good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do American Water Spaniel dogs get along with other dogs?
American Water Spaniel dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the American Water Spaniel is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is American Water Spaniel breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is American Water Spaniel breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
American Water Spaniels are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are American Water Spaniel dogs good office canines? Do American Water Spaniel dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
No
American Water Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do American Water Spaniel dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the American Brown Spaniel temperament with senior people? Are American Water Spaniel dogs good for elderly owners?
American Water Spaniels are one of the best breeds for elderly people.

American Water Spaniel Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do American Water Spaniel dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The American Water Spaniel is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the American Water Spaniel breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the American Water Spaniel breed? Most common health risks of American Water Spaniel:
AllergiesCataractsDegenerative MyelopathyDistichiasisEpilepsyHeart DiseaseHip DysplasiaHypothyroidismMitral Valve DiseaseProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)Retinal Dysplasia
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the American Water Spaniel breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the American Water Spaniel see the vet?
Average
The American Water Spaniel should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do American Water Spaniel dogs live? How old can a American Water Spaniel be? What is the age limit of the American Water Spaniel? How many years can the oldest American Water Spaniel live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of an American Water Spaniel?

How long is the lifespan of an American Water Spaniel?

9-13 years
The average lifespan of American Water Spaniel: 11 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the American Water Spaniel breed hypoallergenic?
No
American Water Spaniel dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the American Water Spaniel have? What is the activity level of the American Water Spaniel?
American Water Spaniel dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does an American Water Spaniel need? How much exercise do American Water Spaniel dogs require per day?

Do American Water Spaniel dogs need a lot of exercises?

American Water Spaniel dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the American Water Spaniel breed need?
American Water Spaniel dogs don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does an American Water Spaniel need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does an American Water Spaniel breed eat per day? What is good dog food for American Water Spaniel? How much food should I feed my American Water Spaniel?
1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? American Water Spaniel risk for obesity:
Average: The American Water Spaniel has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the American Water Spaniel weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Different dogs have different preferences when it comes to weather conditions. However, in general, most dogs prefer average to warm weather conditions, as they typically find hot weather conditions to be uncomfortable and taxing.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The American Water Spaniel has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the American Water Spaniel drool?
The American Water Spaniel is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the American Water Spaniel could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the American Water Spaniel.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

American Water Spaniel As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can American Water Spaniel be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

American Water Spaniel is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can American Water Spaniel be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a American Water Spaniel be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

American Water Spaniel is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can American Water Spaniel be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

American Water Spaniel is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can American Water Spaniel be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The American Water Spaniel is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can American Water Spaniel be a boat dog?

Yes

American Water Spaniel breed usually likes being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, as a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can American Water Spaniel be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

American Water Spaniel is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where American Water Spaniel dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

American Water Spaniel Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is an American Water Spaniel pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the American Water Spaniel breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female American Water Spaniel: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the American Water Spaniel have in a litter? How many puppies can the American Water Spaniel breed have for the first time? How many puppies does an American Water Spaniel have? How many puppies can an American Water Spaniel give birth to?
4-6 puppies

American Water Spaniel Recognition

AKC Group
Is American Water Spaniel recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1940 as a Sporting breed.
FCI Group
Is American Water Spaniel recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs group, in the Water Dogs section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the American Water Spaniel breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubContinental Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleNational Kennel ClubNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.United Kennel ClubAmerican Canine Association, Inc.

American Water Spaniel Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Trainability: American Water Spaniel dogs are easy to train.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the American Water Spaniel breed.
  • Shedding Level: American Water Spaniel dogs shed none to minimal.
  • Drooling Tendency: The American Water Spaniel is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: American Water Spaniel dogs are good watchdogs.
  • Adaptability: American Water Spaniel dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: American Water Spaniel dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: American Water Spaniels are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: American Water Spaniels are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
  • Boat and Sailor Dog: American Water Spaniel breed usually likes being on a boat.

    Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

    Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages.

Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: American Water Spaniel dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Mouthiness: American Water Spaniel dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: American Water Spaniel dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: American Water Spaniels tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Dog Friendly: American Water Spaniel dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: American Water Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.

American Water Spaniel History

The American Water Spaniel is a rare breed with only an estimated 3000 in existence today. While the American Water Spaniel is one of the few dogs recognized as having been developed in the United States, it has never been a popular breed. The breed was developed in the Fox and Wolf River valleys of Wisconsin during the mid-1800s, where it is officially the State Dog. According to experts, reliable breeding records date back to 1865. The American Water Spaniel’s ancestors probably include the Irish Water Spaniel, the Curly-Coated Retriever, the Field Spaniel, and the now-extinct Old English Water Spaniel.

Whatever his family background is, we know for sure that it was bred to be a versatile hunting buddy. It was frequently used by the market hunters of the day to help harvest all manner of game, but as the folklore says, most notably waterfowl harvested in the Great Lakes Region. In fact, even today, one will find the majority of the American Water Spaniel owners and breeders in Wisconsin, Michigan, Minnesota, and the surrounding states. Moreover, American Water Spaniels are active dogs that will do best when given the opportunity to work off some of their energy, so they are excellent hunting dogs. Their dense, curly coat helps to protect them from the cold water as well as from briars in the woods. Standing about 15-18 inches at the shoulder and weighing in between 24-45 pounds, the breed is considered a medium-sized sporting breed. His medium-size allows waterfowl hunter to take him in a little boat or canoe and he will tenderly retrieve grouse, quail, pheasant, and ducks. The breed sticks close to his human rather than ranging far afield. Hunters along the Mississippi flyway and its northern tributaries often used the breed, taking advantage of the dog’s ability to work in varied from mashes to uplands, his endurance, and his ability to retrieve many birds in a day. However, when larger retriever breeds from England became popular, the little brown spaniel began to fall out of favor. Fortunately, in the early 1900s, Doctor Pfeifer of New London, Wisconsin, was the first to recognize that the little brown spaniels, so well-known in his area, were actually a distinguishable breed. He believed that the breed should be recognized and preserved. He led an effort to gain recognition of what would eventually be called the American Water Spaniel by petitioning the dog registries to recognize the breed. Pfeifer bred and sold American Water Spaniels, formed a breed club, and helped to develop a breed standard. Through his efforts, the breed was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1920. Over the following years others took up his cause and the breed was eventually recognized by the Field Stud Book in 1938 and the American Kennel Club in 1940. It is important to highlight that it was one of Pfeifer’s own dogs, ‘Curly Pfeifer’, who was the first registered American Water Spaniel.

The American Water Spaniel remains rare, but this rarity has probably saved the breed from splitting into two groups, one used for dog show competitions, and the other to continue the breed’s traditional job as a hunting companion, as seen in some other retriever breeds.

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