Cesky Terrier Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Cesky Terrier so you can get to know the breed more.
Compare the Cesky Terrier With Other Dogs |
Select at least one dog breed to make the comparsion.
Other Names |
What other names does the Cesky Terrier have?
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
Is a Cesky Terrier small, medium or large dog?
How big do Cesky Terrier get?
What is the average size of a Cesky Terrier?
How much does the Cesky Terrier weigh? How much should a Cesky Terrier weight? What is the normal weight of a Cesky Terrier? How much does a full-grown Cesky Terrier weight?
|13 - 23 pounds (6 - 10 kg)|
Average Weight |
What is the average weight of a Cesky Terrier?
|13 - 23 pounds (6 - 10 kg)|
How tall is the Cesky Terrier? Cesky Terrier height:
|10 - 13 inches (25 - 32 cm)|
Average Height |
What is the average height of a Cesky Terrier?
|10 - 13 inches (25 - 32 cm)|
How much does the Cesky Terrier puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Cesky Terrier in the United States? How much money is a Cesky Terrier?
Where to buy a Cesky Terrier with a good pedigree?
If you choose to purchase the Cesky Terrier, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Cesky Terrier for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Cesky Terrier gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Cesky Terrier? How many Cesky Terrier are there in the world?
Frequent: The Cesky Terrier is easier than average to get. Maybe there is some risk of overbreeding, as it is a popular breed.
Due to its popularity, inbreeding may occur. A new study shows that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.So be careful and seek the help of an experienced person or a professional, in making your decision.
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Cesky Terrier? Is the Cesky Terrier breed dumb or smart?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Cesky Terrier obey the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
The Cesky Terrier ranks below average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.
Are Cesky Terrier dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Cesky Terrier?
Cesky Terrier dogs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Cesky Terrier good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Cesky Terrier dogs are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Cesky Terrier dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial |
Do Cesky Terrier dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Cesky Terrier dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Cesky Terrier can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Cesky Terrier will take care of unwanted people or animals.
What kind of personality does the Cesky Terrier have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Cesky Terrier sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Cesky Terrier dogs don't tolerate irregular daily routines, noisy households, and frequent guest visits really well.
They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they? Is a Cesky Terrier a good family dog?
Average to High: Cesky Terrier dogs are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Bohemian Terrier need? Cesky Terrier social needs:
Cesky Terrier dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Cesky Terrier to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Cesky Terrier roam?
Cesky Terrier dogs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Cesky Terrier have high prey drive?
Cesky Terrier dogs have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
How playful is this breed?
Average: Cesky Terriers, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Do Cesky Terrier dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Bohemian Terrier bark?
Average: The Cesky Terrier barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.
Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Cesky Terrier good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Cesky Terrier in an apartment?
It is not the best choice if you want to keep them indoors, however, with careful exercise and several walks a day, they will tolerate the indoor environment, so it is possible to keep Cesky Terrier indoors.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Cesky Terrier dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
How long can a Cesky Terrier be left alone? How long can you leave a Cesky Terrier alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.
Bite Force PSI |
Does the Cesky Terrier has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Cesky Terrier? How much bite force does a Cesky Terrier have? How strong is a Cesky Terrier bite?
Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽
Cesky Terrier bite force: Weak. The Cesky Terrier bite force is considered weak when compared to other dog breeds. The bite force Cesky Terrier measurements usually fall below 200 PSI, making them one of the breeds with the weakest bite force. The bite force of a Cesky Terrier may be weak, but it's important to remember that any dog's bite can still be dangerous if not managed properly. Despite the bite force of Cesky Terrier being lower, it does not make them any less lovable or enjoyable as pets.
Cesky Terrier bite wounds might not be as severe, but it is still essential to be cautious and prevent any biting incidents.
They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals. To ensure a well-behaved dog, it's essential to learn how to train a Cesky Terrier puppy not to bite from an early age. With proper training and socialization, a Cesky Terrier can be a wonderful addition to any family, providing love and companionship for years to come.
Biting Potential |
Do Cesky Terrier bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Bohemian Terrier? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Cesky Terrier? Why do dog bites happen?
The Cesky Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Cesky Terrier do?
Cesky Terrier dogs have an average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Cesky Terrier dogs need to be taught a good attitude.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Cesky Terrier dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Cesky Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems |
What genetic/health problems does the Cesky Terrier breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Cesky Terrier breed? Most common health risks of Cesky Terrier:
|Hip Dysplasia Patellar LuxationEye ProblemsLens LuxationScottie Cramp|
Veterinarian Visits |
How often does the Cesky Terrier breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Cesky Terrier see the vet?
The Cesky Terrier should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy |
How long do Cesky Terrier dogs live? How old can a Cesky Terrier be? What is the age limit of the Cesky Terrier? How many years can the oldest Cesky Terrier live?
What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Cesky Terrier?
How long is the lifespan of a Cesky Terrier?
The average lifespan of Cesky Terrier: 13 years
Weather and Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
| Tolerates warm and cold weather |
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Cesky Terrier have? What is the activity level of the Cesky Terrier?
Cesky Terrier dogs have a lower energy level than other dogs. If you live a chilled life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need |
How much exercise does a Cesky Terrier need? How much exercise do Cesky Terrier dogs require per day?
Do Cesky Terrier dogs need a lot of exercises?
Cesky Terrier dogs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long ones on weekends.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does the Cesky Terrier breed need?
Cesky Terrier dogs like sleeping so they do sleep a lot. They're not the most active dog breed. If you live an active life, this breed can be a bad choice for you.
Average daily food consumption |
How much food does a Cesky Terrier need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Cesky Terrier breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Cesky Terrier? How much food should I feed my Cesky Terrier?
|1 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Cesky Terrier risk for obesity:
Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Cesky Terrier's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.
If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Cesky Terrier weight regularly.
Coat / Hair Types |
What type of coat does the Cesky Terrier have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Cesky Terrier coats?
How to groom the Cesky Terrier and how often? How often should I take my Cesky Terrier to the groomer?
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition. The Cesky Terrier requires grooming on a daily basis.
Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer is essential. Everyday brushing of the dog's coat is necessary to reduce shedding.
Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath should be on a weekly schedule.
Taking good care of your Cesky Terrier is time-consuming and requires excellent grooming skills. If you don't have the time and skill search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level |
How much do Cesky Terrier dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Bohemian Terrier? Do Cesky Terrier dogs shed a lot?
Cesky Terrier dogs shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. Cesky Terrier dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency |
How often does the Cesky Terrier need a bath? How often should you give a Cesky Terrier a bath? Can I bathe my Cesky Terrier every day?
| 4-6 weeks |
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time.
Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.
Is the Cesky Terrier breed hypoallergenic?
Cesky Terrier dogs do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Cesky Terrier has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency |
Does the Cesky Terrier drool?
The Cesky Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Cesky Terrier could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Cesky Terrier.
If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Cesky Terrier dogs get along with other pets? Are Cesky Terrier dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Cesky Terrier dogs are generally with other pets.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Cesky Terrier temperament with other people:
Cesky Terrier dogs are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Child Friendly |
Are Cesky Terrier dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Cesky Terrier temperament with children:
Cesky Terrier dogs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Cesky Terrier dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Cesky Terrier breed live with a cat?
Cesky Terrier dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly |
Is Cesky Terrier good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Cesky Terrier dogs get along with other dogs?
Cesky Terrier dogs are not dog-friendly. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Cesky Terrier is not the best choice.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Cesky Terrier breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Cesky Terrier breed suitable for first-time owners?
Cesky Terrier dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly |
Are Cesky Terrier dogs good office canines? Do Cesky Terrier dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Cesky Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Cesky Terrier dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Bohemian Terrier temperament with senior people? Are Cesky Terrier dogs good for elderly owners?
Cesky Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Cesky Terrier be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).
Cesky Terrier is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Cesky Terrier be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Cesky Terrier be an emotional support animal?
This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.
Cesky Terrier is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Cesky Terrier be a sniffer dog?
They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Cesky Terrier is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Cesky Terrier be a search and rescue dog?
This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.
The Cesky Terrier is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Cesky Terrier be a boat dog?
Cesky Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.
Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Cesky Terrier be a drafting dog?
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.
Cesky Terrier is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog |
Where Cesky Terrier dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Gestation Length |
How long is a Cesky Terrier pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Cesky Terrier breed is pregnant?
Reproductive cycle of the female Cesky Terrier: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.
During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.
The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.
The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.
The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.
The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Cesky Terrier have in a litter? How many puppies can the Cesky Terrier breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Cesky Terrier have? How many puppies can a Cesky Terrier give birth to?
AKC Group |
Is Cesky Terrier recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2011 as a Terrier breed.|
FCI Group |
Is Cesky Terrier recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Recognized by FCI in the Terriers group, in the Small sized Terriers section.|
Breed Recognition |
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Cesky Terrier breed?
|American Kennel ClubFederation Cynologique InternationaleContinental Kennel ClubAmerican Rare Breed Association|
Cesky Terrier Pros and Cons
- Hypoallergenic: Cesky Terrier dogs do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
- Shedding Level: Cesky Terrier dogs shed none to minimal.
- Drooling Tendency: The Cesky Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
- Watchdog Ability: Cesky Terrier dogs are good watchdogs.
- Child Friendly: Cesky Terrier dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Cesky Terriers are usually recommended for elderly people.
- Good For First Time Owners: Cesky Terrier dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
- Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
- Grooming: Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
- Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High: If you don't pay attention to the Cesky Terrier's weight, he can easily gain weight.
- Dog Friendly: Cesky Terrier dogs are not dog-friendly.
- Office Friendly: Cesky Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Cesky Terrier History
The Cesky Terrier is a relatively new breed, a Czech terrier, that was created in 1949 by a Czech breeder called Frantisek Horak in Czechoslovakia. Horak crossed the Sealyham with Scottish Terrier to create the ideal Bohemian woodland hunting dog, which would explain why the occasional Cesky Terrier has a Scottish cramp.
Prior to the creation of the Cesky Terrier, Horak worked for many years as a geneticist at the Academy of Science located in Prague. There, he bred dogs as part of his work as a research assistant. Horak was not only a geneticist but a hunter as well. It is said that the Cesky was created as a hunting dog to track rats and foxes to their dens, and Horak intended to produce a breed with a small head and chest to allow the dog to follow the prey into the burrow. Horak was also interested in breeding a dog with a good temperament because he considered the Scottish Terrier in his possession to be a bit too aggressive for his taste, so when he came across a Sealyham Terrier owner, he discussed with him a possible cross-bred Terrier, a pleasing mix of the two breeds.
Moreover, for all European dog breeds and their breeders, the World Wars were devastating. Horak would not be able to start working on the Cesky Terrier until after World War II ended. The breed’s genesis would occur in 1949, when a female Scottish Terrier, Donka Lovu Zdar would be mated to a male Sealyham Terrier, Buganier Urquelle. Donka was a conformation dog as well as being used for hunting. Buganier was kept as a member of a hunting pack of Terriers. These two dogs produced the first Cesky Terrier pup. The new puppy was called Adam Lovu Zdar and it was born on the 25th of December in 1949. Horak bred his dogs to have very specific physical and psychological features. During his breeding program, he documented everything. He recorded and kept track of bloodlines and any other pertinent information about the dogs in his kennel. As a result of this, the Cesky Terrier is one of the few breeds that have a complete account of its genesis, as well as its breeding lines and development since that time. Unfortunately, in the 1950s. the first Cesky puppy was accidentally shot and killed, causing a minor delay in the breeds development. Horak continued to breed the Scottish Terrier and the Sealyham Terrier despite the dog’s tragic death. Six puppies were born from the second try, making the true start of a brand new breed of Terrier.
Furthermore, the Scottish Terrier was chosen for its hunting abilities, while the Sealyham was chosen for its pleasant temperament. The Cesky Terrier would go on to become known as a small but dependable Terrier breed that was slightly calmer than most other Terrier types. The Cesky Terrier is well suited for hunting in the Bohemian forests where it was raised. The breed became popular not just in its native country, but also in other countries. It is also interesting to know that because the little Terrier was so loved during the communist regime in Czechoslovakia, Horak even received visits from the secret police as there were excessive amounts of mail coming to him from other countries regarding his new breed of hunting Terrier.
In the homeland of the breed, a club dedicated to hunting with the Cesky Terrier was formed. The breed was initially introduced to the public in 1956, and it was formally shown for the first time in 1959. The Cesky Terrier became recognized by the Czechoslovakian Kennel Club, and just a few years later it was granted full registration as a unique and separate breed by the Federation Cynologique Internationale in 1963. The breed was considered a national dog and there was a ban placed on the exportation of the dogs from the country for a period of time. Moreover, they became very popular, especially with hunters, but they also had much success in the show arena. A Cesky Terrier called Javor Lovu Zdar was the first of the breed to achieve championship status, which he received in 1964. The breed’s popularity resulted in high demand for the dog. As a result, the breed began to spread outside Czechoslovakia into other countries. The Cesky Terrier can now be found in the United States, England, Canada, and Australia among other places.
However, later in his breed program, Horak wanted to bring some fresh Terrier blood to the well-established Cesky Terrier line he had been developing for all those years. Eventually, Horak was granted permission by the FCI to bring some new blood into the breed’s lineage. He decided to reintroduce a Sealyham Terrier to the Cesky line. The chosen dog was used twice, originally brought into the breeding in 1984, and then again in 1985.
Overall, the Cesky Terrier is truly a delightful chap and skilled hunter. The breed has gained tremendous acclaim in both its homeland and throughout the world. The American Cesky Terriers Fanciers Association was established and would go on to become the American Kennel Club’s parent club to the breed. Although the Cesky Terrier has been well-liked since its inception, it is still considered a rare breed, one of the six rarest breeds in the world. The Cesky is currently recognized as a unique breed by all the major kennel clubs, and it was granted full recognition as an independent breed by the AKC in 2011.