Coton de Tulear Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Coton de Tulear so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Companion Dogs
Popularity Rank81
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Coton de Tulear dog profile picture
OriginMadagascar flagMadagascar
Other Names
What other names does the Coton de Tulear have?
CotieCoton
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Coton de Tulear Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Coton de Tulear puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it?
$2400-$3000
If you choose to purchase the Coton de Tulear, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Coton de Tulear for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Coton de Tulear gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Coton de Tulear?
Very frequent: The Coton de Tulear is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.

Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.

So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.

Coton de Tulear Size

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog?
Small
Weight
How much does the Coton de Tulear weigh? Coton de Tulear weight:
12-15 pounds (5.5-7 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of the Coton de Tulear? Coton de Tulear average weight:
13.5 pounds (5.6 kg)
Height
How tall is the Coton de Tulear? Coton de Tulear height:
10-12 inches (25-30 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of this fido? Coton de Tulear average height:
11 inches (27.5 cm)

Coton de Tulear Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Coton de Tulear have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Soft
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Coton de Tulear's coat?
White
Grooming
How to groom the Coton de Tulear and how often?
Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition. The Coton de Tulear requires grooming on a daily basis.

Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer is essential. Everyday brushing of the dog's coat is necessary to reduce shedding.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath should be on a weekly schedule.

Taking good care of your Coton de Tulear is time-consuming and requires excellent grooming skills. If you don't have the time and skill search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.

Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Coton de Tulear dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Cotie?
Coton de Tulears are low shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Coton de Tulear need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Coton de Tulear every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing. Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Coton de Tulear Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Coton de Tulear have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AffectionateLivelyTrainableIntelligentPlayfulVocal
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Coton de Tulear? Are they intelligent?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Coton de Tulear obey the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
Trainability
Are Coton de Tulear dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Coton de Tulears are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Coton de Tulear is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Coton de Tulear sensitivity:
Sensitive: Coton de Tulears don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits. This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
High: Coton de Tulears are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Cotie need? Coton de Tulear social needs:
Coton de Tulears are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Coton de Tulear dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Cotie bark?
Average: The Coton de Tulear barks occasionally. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Coton de Tulear good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Coton de Tulears are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but the observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Coton de Tulear dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Coton de Tulears are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend its territory in every situation.
Biting Potential
Do Coton de Tulear bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Cotie? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Coton de Tulear? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Coton de Tulear has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Coton de Tulear has a hard bite?

Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽

Coton de Tulear bite force: Weak. Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI. However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are. They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Coton de Tulear do?
Coton de Tulears have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Coton de Tulears need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Coton de Tulear to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Coton de Tulear roam?
Coton de Tulears have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Coton de Tulear have high prey drive?
Their prey drive is low. Coton de Tulears don't have an impulse to catch or chase small animals.
Apartment Friendly
Is Coton de Tulear good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Very house-friendly dog the Coton de Tulear breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Coton de Tulears adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Coton de Tulears do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.

Coton de Tulear Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Coton de Tulear temperament with other people:
Coton de Tulears are stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Coton de Tulear dogs get along with other pets? Are Coton de Tulear dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Coton de Tulears are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Child Friendly
Are Coton de Tulear dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Coton de Tulear temperament with children:
Coton de Tulears are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Coton de Tulear dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Coton de Tulears are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Coton de Tulear good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Coton de Tulear dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Coton de Tulears are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Coton de Tulear can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Coton de Tulear breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
Yes
Coton de Tulears are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Coton de Tulears good office dogs? Do Coton de Tulears make good office friendly dogs? Can Coton de Tulears be office dogs?
No
Coton de Tulear is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Coton de Tulear dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Cotie temperament with senior people? Are Coton de Tulear dogs good for elderly owners?
Coton de Tulears are usually recommended for elderly people.

Coton de Tulear Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Coton de Tulear dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Coton de Tulear is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Coton de Tulear breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Coton de Tulear breed? Most common health risks of Coton de Tulear:
Hip DysplasiaLuxating PatellaProgressive retinal atrophy (PRA)
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Coton de Tulear breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Coton de Tulear see the vet?
Average
The Coton de Tulear should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Coton de Tulear dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Coton de Tulear be? What is the age limit of the Coton de Tulear? How many years can the oldest Coton de Tulear live?
14-16 years
The average lifespan of Coton de Tulear: 15 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Coton de Tulear breed hypoallergenic?
Yes
Coton de Tulears do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Coton de Tulear have? What is the activity level of the Coton de Tulear?
Coton de Tulears have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Coton de Tulear dogs require per day?
Coton de Tulears have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Coton de Tulears sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered a lazy breed.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does the Coton de Tulear need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
0.5 to 1.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Coton de Tulear risk for obesity:
Average: The Coton de Tulear has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Coton de Tulear's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Coton de Tulear has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Coton de Tulear drool?
The Coton de Tulear is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Coton de Tulear could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Coton de Tulear. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Coton de Tulear As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Coton de Tulear be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Coton de Tulear is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Coton de Tulear be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Coton de Tulear be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Coton de Tulear is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Coton de Tulear be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Coton de Tulear is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Coton de Tulear be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people. The Coton de Tulear is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Coton de Tulear be a boat dog?

Not really

Coton de Tulear breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Coton de Tulear be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Coton de Tulear is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Coton de Tulear dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Coton de Tulear Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Coton de Tulear: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Coton de Tulear have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
4-6 puppies

Coton de Tulear Recognition

AKC Group
Is Coton de Tulear recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2014 as a Non-Sporting breed.
FCI Group
Is Coton de Tulear recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Companion and Toy Dogs group, in the Bichons and related breeds section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Coton de Tulear breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryContinental Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleNational Kennel ClubNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.

Coton de Tulear Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Hypoallergenic: Coton de Tulears do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Coton de Tulear breed.
  • Shedding Level: Coton de Tulears are low shedders.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Coton de Tulear is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Adaptability: Coton de Tulears adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Coton de Tulears are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Coton de Tulears are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Coton de Tulears are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Coton de Tulears are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Coton de Tulears are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
  • Grooming: Professional: This breed needs a lot of work to keep in good condition.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Coton de Tulears do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Coton de Tulear is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Coton de Tulear History

The large island of Madagascar, located off the southeast coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean, is home to many unusual creatures, but one of them has become a beloved export throughout the world: the soft and shaggy Coton de Tulear, a member of the Bichon family who probably came to Madagascar as long as several hundred years ago. The name of the breed reveals its origin. The ‘coton’ refers to the color and the quality of the cotton. ‘De Tulear’ is a small harbor on the huge island of Madagascar. The Cotons were the property of the ruling royal family of Madagascar. It dates back to the 1600s.

The ancestors of the Coton de Tulear were popular companions with the Roman aristocracy who called them ‘table dogs’. The Roman aristocrats were accompanied to dinners and other events by the ‘table dogs’, who were also known as the ‘Meletei’. It is possible that these dogs came to Rome from commercial caravans in Central Asia. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the ‘Meletei’ was mated with another popular breed, the Barbet. The Bichon family was born due to the interbreeding of the Meletei and the Barbet breed. Maltese, Bichon Frise, Bolognese, and Havanese also belong to the mentioned family.

The Coton de Tulear became popular in Europe after the second world war, when Madagascar had attained its independence from the French. The tourism between France and Madagascar increased. Tourists and diplomats, who fell in love with the little dogs while vacationing on Madagascar, brought some of these dogs to their homeland, France, and worked to establish them as a breed. Dr. Robert Jay Russell discovered the breed in Madagascar in 1973 and brought some of them to America. He called the breed ‘Royal Dog of Madagascar’. Dr. Russell established the Coton de Tulear Club of America in 1976. These cute little feral dogs became domesticated more and more as their popularity rose. In 1995 there were 16 Coton breeders in the U.S.

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Coton de Tulear Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Lambchop Magee

    Nov 7, 2021, 9:57:36 PM:

    What a sweet breed a Cotie is! Learns trick over obedience, but that's fun and OK. Well behaved on his own and sleeps so peacefully in our bed. . .after hopping around and making us laugh!

  • Sophie

    Sep 25, 2021, 12:15:37 PM:

    Whoever decided these weren't great therapy dogs was wrong. Sophie was socialized from 10 weeks old and now works at a high school everyday (2 years old). The students love her and she had never met a stranger. These are absolutely wonderful dogs!!!

  • Bibi

    May 31, 2021, 5:16:43 PM:

    My cotton is the most clownish happy and loving dog ever.wouldnt change her for any other dog..and she is so intelligent and i have taught her over 15 tricks

  • Wouldn't change him for anything!

    Mar 9, 2021, 10:08:18 AM:

    Playful, loving, cheeky and devoted.

  • cotons are the best

    Oct 31, 2020, 11:08:43 AM:

    they are literally the best dogs you can ever have!

  • Cotons Rock

    Feb 26, 2020, 3:30:58 AM:

  • Cotons Rock!

    Feb 26, 2020, 3:28:55 AM:

  • Anonymous

    Feb 19, 2020, 5:08:18 PM:

  • me wants .

    Jan 27, 2020, 3:10:44 PM:

    me wants one

  • bkfash

    Jan 27, 2020, 3:06:14 PM:

    coton is the best doggo ever