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Great Pyrenees Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Great Pyrenees so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Pastoral / Herding Dogs
Popularity Rank66
Reviews1
User Ratings
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Great Pyrenees
OriginSpain France
Other Names
What other names does the Great Pyrenees have? The dog breed also known as...
Great Pyrenees, Patou, Chien Des Pyrénées, Chien De Montagne Des Pyrénées, Montañés Del Pirineo, Gos De Muntanya Dels Pirineus
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Great Pyrenees recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1933 as a Working breed.
FCI Group
Is Great Pyrenees recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid and Swiss Mountain and Cattledogs group, in the Molossian type section.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Great Pyrenees breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel Club
Price
How much does the Great Pyrenees puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Great Pyrenees price:
$500-$600
If you choose to purchase the Great Pyrenees, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Great Pyrenees for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Great Pyrenees gets to a happy place.
Availability
Very frequent

Overview

 

Great Pyrenees History

Introduction and ancestry

The Great Pyrenees or in its other name, the Pyrenean Mountain Dog is one of the tallest dog breeds in the world. The breed’s ancestry is believed to date back 10 or 11 thousand years to dogs who originated in Asia Minor. Roman records and documents from at least 2,000 years ago, account for a large-sized herding breed, resembling the Great Pyrenees, indigenous to the Pyrenean Mountain region, that divides Spain and France.

Early history and development

Despite these very ancient artifacts, it was not until the early 16th century, that a concrete description of the Great Pyrenees was written. The breed’s description was made by Brother Miguel Agustin, Prior of the Temple de la Fidelissima of Perpignan. He described this pastoral breed, as sturdy and strong, but athletic enough to chase and to bring down even wolves when protecting the livestock. The dogs’ duty was to watch over and guard the flock deter and occasionally fight predators, whether wolves, bears, or livestock rustlers. The breed’s innate patience came in handy when sitting atop a freezing-cold mountain for days on end with nothing to do but to guard the livestock. Their courage when defending the flock was legendary. Later, in 1675, the Dauphin in the court of King Louis XIV declared that the Great Pyrenees was the Royal Dog of France, with the result that it became the guardian of choice for many of the palais and chateaux all around France. This declaration prompted the many in the French nobility to acquire Great Pyrenees and use them to guard estates and personal properties.

Spreading throughout the world

The Great Pyrenees was first exported to North America during the late 18th century, straight to Newfoundland, Canada. It is thought that the breed had a serious contribution to the creation of the Landseer Newfoundland, which is basically the result after cross-breeding the Newfoundland and the Great Pyrenees. Later, throughout the whole 19th century, the Great Pyrenees gained more popularity mainly in England, in Europe, and in the United States of America, after their introduction. The breed was also introduced in the breeding program of St. Bernard in Switzerland, with the intention of re-establishing the population number in the famous hospice where St. Bernard originated. Nevertheless, in the Great Pyrenees’ homeland, the breed started to deteriorate, because of the unscrupulous breeding practices during the early 20th century.

Modern times

As with many breeds, the two world wars took a toll on the breeding of the Great Pyrenees. Fortunately, several specimens were imported to the United States of America before the European continent was effectively closed because of World War II. After the war, breeders, organizations, and associations started serious breeding programs and made efforts with the intention of reviving this old breed. Nowadays, the Great Pyrenees is renowned for its gentle and caring attitude to children and smaller pets, but equally for its qualities as a guard dog. Consequently, the breed is still kept both as a guard dog, and also as a loving family companion.

Photo Gallery of the Great Pyrenees Breed

Great Pyrenees General Appearance & Basic Info

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Great Pyrenees size:
Giant
Weight
How much does the Great Pyrenees weigh? Great Pyrenees weight:
Male: from 100 pounds (45 kg), Female: from 85 pounds (38 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Great Pyrenees? Great Pyrenees average weight:
Male: from 100 pounds (45 kg), Female: from 85 pounds (38 kg)
Height
How tall is the Great Pyrenees? Great Pyrenees height:
Male: 27-32 inches (69-81 cm), Female: 25-29 inches (63-74 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Great Pyrenees average height:
Male: 29.5 inches (75 cm), Female: 27 inches (68.5 cm)

Great Pyrenees Hair & Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Great Pyrenees have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
DenseDouble
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Great Pyrenees's coat?
White
Grooming
How to groom the Great Pyrenees and how often?
Average: The Great Pyrenees requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential. Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Great Pyrenees, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Great Pyrenees dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Great Pyrenees? Great Pyrenees shedding level:
Great Pyreneess shed above average. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type. If you don't like vacuum cleaning, you might have to reconsider your choice of having a puppy from the Great Pyrenees breed.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Great Pyrenees need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Great Pyrenees every day?
3-4 weeks
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing. Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.

Great Pyrenees Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Great Pyrenees have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AffectionateFearlessPatientConfidentGentleStrongWilled
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Great Pyrenees? Are they intelligent?
Átlagos: Átlagos intelligenciájú Great Pyrenees. Türelemre van szükség ahhoz, hogy ezt a fajtát bármilyen trükkre és parancsra megtanítsd, ám az erőfeszítés megéri. Megértik és megjegyzik az új parancsokat átlagosan 25–40 ismétlés után.
Trainability
Are Great Pyrenees dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Great Pyreneess are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Great Pyreneess are not the most playful dog breed. Sometimes they do like playing, but that's not their favorite activity.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Great Pyrenees sensitivity:
They are a little bit more sensitive than other dog breeds. Soft punishment affects them emotionally. Great Pyreneess don't tolerate irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits really well. They are receptive to their owner's emotions and make wonderful family companions.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Are they affectionate?
Great Pyreneess are average dogs regarding their affection level. Some breeds are forthcoming and friendly, while others are independent and don't bond too closely to their owners.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Great Pyrenees need? Great Pyrenees social needs:
Great Pyreneess are a social breed. They enjoy being around people or other animals. This breed doesn't tolerate being left alone.
Barking
Do Great Pyrenees dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Patou bark?
Average to high: The Great Pyrenees is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Great Pyrenees good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Great Pyreneess are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Great Pyrenees dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Great Pyrenees dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Great Pyreneess strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential
Do Great Pyrenees bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Great Pyrenees? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Great Pyrenees? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Great Pyrenees has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Great Pyrenees has a hard bite?
Above 400 PSI
The strongest: Dogs that have a strong bite force are usually quite powerful and large. They are very protective of themselves and their families, therefore a dog bite from them could be exceptionally dangerous with their PSI being above 400. It is important that they’re trained to be around others safely.
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Great Pyrenees do?
Great Pyreneess have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Great Pyreneess need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Great Pyrenees to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Great Pyrenees roam?
Great Pyreneess have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Great Pyrenees have high prey drive?
Great Pyreneess have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Great Pyrenees dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Great Pyrenees good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Great Pyrenees kutyafajtát. Kertben érzi magát a legjobban, ha mégis lakásban szeretnéd tartani, akkor napi szinten hosszabb sétákkal alaposan le kell mozgatni, így a napi rutinok beiktatásával megoldható Great Pyrenees tartása lakásban.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Great Pyreneess adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Great Pyreneess do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
Fighting Dog
Where Great Pyrenees dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Great Pyrenees Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Great Pyrenees temperament with other people:
Great Pyreneess are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly
Are Great Pyrenees dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Great Pyrenees temperament with children:
Great Pyreneess are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Great Pyrenees dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats?
Great Pyreneess are cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Great Pyrenees good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Great Pyrenees dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Great Pyreneess are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Great Pyrenees breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Great Pyreneess are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Great Pyrenees be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Great Pyrenees is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Great Pyrenees be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Great Pyrenees be an emotional support animal?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Great Pyrenees is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Great Pyrenees be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Great Pyrenees is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Office Friendly
Are Great Pyreneess good office dogs? Do Great Pyreneess make good office friendly dogs? Can Great Pyreneess be office dogs?
No
Great Pyrenees is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Great Pyrenees be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Great Pyrenees is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Great Pyrenees dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Great Pyrenees temperament with senior people? Are Great Pyrenees dogs good for elderly owners?
Great Pyreneess are usually recommended for elderly people.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Great Pyrenees be a boat dog?
Not really
Great Pyrenees breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Great Pyrenees dogs get along with other pets? Are Great Pyrenees dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Great Pyreneess are usually friendly towards other pets.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Great Pyrenees be a drafting dog?
Yes
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Great Pyrenees breed is a good choice for drafting purposes.

Great Pyrenees Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Great Pyrenees dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Great Pyreneess are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Great Pyrenees breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Great Pyrenees breed? Most common health risks of Great Pyrenees:
Addison's DiseaseBloatCataractsDrug SensitivityElbow DysplasiaEntropionHip DysplasiaPatellar Luxation
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Great Pyrenees breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Great Pyrenees see the vet?
Rare
The Great Pyrenees should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Great Pyrenees dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Great Pyrenees be? What is the age limit of the Great Pyrenees? How many years can the oldest Great Pyrenees live?
10-12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Great Pyrenees breed hypoallergenic?
No
Great Pyreneess don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Great Pyrenees have? What is the activity level of the Great Pyrenees?
Great Pyreneess have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much activity does this dog need? How much exercise do Great Pyrenees dogs require per day?
Great Pyreneess have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long one on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Great Pyreneess don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Great Pyrenees need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
8 to 10 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Great Pyrenees risk for obesity:
Average to High. If you don't pay attention to the Great Pyrenees's weight, he can easily gain weight. More than one daily walk should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Great Pyrenees's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers cold weather
The Great Pyrenees can adapt well to harsh weather conditions, and also can be a good mountain dog.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Great Pyrenees has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Great Pyrenees drool?
The Great Pyrenees is a perfect example for low drooling tendency. If you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, the Great Pyrenees could be a good choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool less than others, just like the Great Pyrenees. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Great Pyrenees Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long does this dog pregnant? How long does it take to have puppies?
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Great Pyrenees: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Litter Frequency Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Great Pyrenees have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
6-9 puppies

Great Pyrenees Pros & Cons

Pros
  • Trainability: Great Pyreneess are easy to train.
  • Health Issues: Great Pyreneess are commonly healthy dogs.
  • Drooling tendency: The Great Pyrenees is a perfect example for low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Great Pyreneess are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Mouthiness: Great Pyreneess have lower than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Adaptability: Great Pyreneess adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Great Pyreneess are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Great Pyreneess are cat-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Great Pyreneess are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog: A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Great Pyreneess don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Nem ajánlott lakásban tartani Great Pyrenees kutyafajtát.
  • Shedding Level: Great Pyreneess shed above average.
  • Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Average to High.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Great Pyreneess have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Great Pyreneess do best when a family member is at home during the day or if their workplace is dog-friendly so they can take the dog at work.
  • Office Friendly: Great Pyrenees is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Great Pyreneess are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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Great Pyrenees Comments, Reviews & Questions

  • Olivia Hutchinson

    Jan 9, 2020, 1:52:38 AM: