Pont-Audemer Spaniel Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Pont-Audemer Spaniel so you can get to know the breed more.
Compare the Pont-Audemer Spaniel With Other Dogs |
Select at least one dog breed to make the comparsion.
Other Names |
What other names does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel have?
|Setter of Pont-AudemerEpagneul Pont-Audemer|
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
Is a Pont-Audemer Spaniel small, medium or large dog?
How big do Pont-Audemer Spaniel get?
What is the average size of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
How much does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel weigh? How much should a Pont-Audemer Spaniel weight? What is the normal weight of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel? How much does a full-grown Pont-Audemer Spaniel weight?
|44-60 pounds (20-27 kg)|
Average Weight |
What is the average weight of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
|52 pounds (23.5 kg)|
How tall is the Pont-Audemer Spaniel? Pont-Audemer Spaniel height:
|20-23 inches (50-58 cm)|
Average Height |
What is the average height of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
|21.5 inches (54 cm)|
How much does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel in the United States? How much money is a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
Where to buy a Pont-Audemer Spaniel with a good pedigree?
If you choose to purchase the Pont-Audemer Spaniel, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Pont-Audemer Spaniel for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Pont-Audemer Spaniel gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Pont-Audemer Spaniel? How many Pont-Audemer Spaniel are there in the world?
Average: The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.
Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Pont-Audemer Spaniel? Is the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed dumb or smart?
Very smart: Pont-Audemer Spaniel is an excellent dog breed. You can teach them many tricks and commands. The limit is your creativity. They understand and memorize new commands in 5-15 repetitions. This breed obeys the first command 85% of the time or better.
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is one of the top breeds in the dog intelligence ranking.
Are Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Pont-Audemer Spaniel good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial |
Do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are average defenders. Some dogs are very protective of their territory, while others easily let a stranger to trespass. This breed is not sure to defend its territory in every situation.
What kind of personality does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Pont-Audemer Spaniel sensitivity:
Sensitive: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits.
This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they? Is a Pont-Audemer Spaniel a good family dog?
High: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving, and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dogs for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Setter of Pont-Audemer need? Pont-Audemer Spaniel social needs:
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Pont-Audemer Spaniel to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Pont-Audemer Spaniel roam?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Pont-Audemer Spaniel have high prey drive?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
How playful is this breed?
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Setter of Pont-Audemer bark?
Average to High: The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and the same barks could have different meanings.
Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Pont-Audemer Spaniel good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Pont-Audemer Spaniel in an apartment?
It is not recommended to keep the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed in the home. It does best in the garden, but if you do want to keep it indoors, it should be exercised thoroughly with long daily walks, so you can keep the Pont-Audemer Spaniel indoors by introducing daily routines.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
How long can a Pont-Audemer Spaniel be left alone? How long can you leave a Pont-Audemer Spaniel alone?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Bite Force PSI |
Does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel? How much bite force does a Pont-Audemer Spaniel have? How strong is a Pont-Audemer Spaniel bite?
Between 200 and 400 PSI ⏺
Pont-Audemer Spaniel bite force: Ordinary. Bite force Pont-Audemer Spaniel measurements typically fall within the range of 200 to 400 PSI. The bite force of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel is considered ordinary when compared to other dog breeds, but it is still quite powerful. This Pont-Audemer Spaniel bite force PSI can cause bite wounds. Pont-Audemer Spaniel bite PSI is not something that should be feared if the dog is well-trained and managed. To avoid any issues, it's essential to learn how to train a Pont-Audemer Spaniel puppy not to bite from an early age.
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.
However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.
In conclusion, while the Pont-Audemer Spaniel bite force is certainly an interesting aspect of the breed, it is important not to let it overshadow the many other reasons why these dogs are so loved and respected. With proper training and socialization, a Pont-Audemer Spaniel can be a loyal and protective companion for your family.
Biting Potential |
Do Pont-Audemer Spaniel bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Setter of Pont-Audemer? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Pont-Audemer Spaniel? Why do dog bites happen?
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel do?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs need to be taught a good attitude. We have compiled a list of Mouthy Dog Breeds.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
Pont-Audemer Spaniels are commonly healthy dogs. Vet costs aren't expensive with this breed.
Veterinarian Visits |
How often does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Pont-Audemer Spaniel see the vet?
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel should have a complete physical check-up at least every 12-18 months (but preferably once per year). If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy |
How long do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs live? How old can a Pont-Audemer Spaniel be? What is the age limit of the Pont-Audemer Spaniel? How many years can the oldest Pont-Audemer Spaniel live?
What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
How long is the lifespan of a Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
The average lifespan of Pont-Audemer Spaniel: 13 years
Weather and Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
| Tolerates warm and cold weather |
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel have? What is the activity level of the Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need |
How much exercise does a Pont-Audemer Spaniel need? How much exercise do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs require per day?
Do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs need a lot of exercises?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed need?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption |
How much food does a Pont-Audemer Spaniel need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Pont-Audemer Spaniel? How much food should I feed my Pont-Audemer Spaniel?
|2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Pont-Audemer Spaniel risk for obesity:
Average: The Pont-Audemer Spaniel has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.
If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Pont-Audemer Spaniel weight regularly.
Coat / Hair Types |
What type of coat does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Pont-Audemer Spaniel coats?
|Black White Brown|
How to groom the Pont-Audemer Spaniel and how often? How often should I take my Pont-Audemer Spaniel to the groomer?
Average: The Pont-Audemer Spaniel requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.
Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.
Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.
Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.
If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Pont-Audemer Spaniel, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.
Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level |
How much do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Setter of Pont-Audemer? Do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs shed a lot?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency |
How often does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel need a bath? How often should you give a Pont-Audemer Spaniel a bath? Can I bathe my Pont-Audemer Spaniel every day?
| 3-4 weeks |
More often than average. These dog coats tend to be longer, softer, and oilier than short-haired breeds. While a good bath every now and then is a great way to keep your buddy from becoming overly smelly, be mindful about overbathing.
Bathing will wash away your dog’s natural oils, while a simple brushing every few days should keep them clean.
Is the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed hypoallergenic?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions. Some dog breeds are even considered to higher possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency |
Does the Pont-Audemer Spaniel drool?
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool more than others, just like the Pont-Audemer Spaniel.
If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs get along with other pets? Are Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are generally with other pets.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Pont-Audemer Spaniel temperament with other people:
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are average friendly towards strangers.
Child Friendly |
Are Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Pont-Audemer Spaniel temperament with children:
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed live with a cat?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly |
Is Pont-Audemer Spaniel good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs get along with other dogs?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are very dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Pont-Audemer Spaniel can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed suitable for first-time owners?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly |
Are Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs good office canines? Do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Setter of Pont-Audemer temperament with senior people? Are Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs good for elderly owners?
Pont-Audemer Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Pont-Audemer Spaniel be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).
Pont-Audemer Spaniel is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Pont-Audemer Spaniel be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Pont-Audemer Spaniel be an emotional support animal?
This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.
Pont-Audemer Spaniel is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Pont-Audemer Spaniel be a sniffer dog?
They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Pont-Audemer Spaniel is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Pont-Audemer Spaniel be a search and rescue dog?
This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Pont-Audemer Spaniel be a boat dog?
Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.
Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Pont-Audemer Spaniel be a drafting dog?
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.
Pont-Audemer Spaniel is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog |
Where Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Gestation Length |
How long is a Pont-Audemer Spaniel pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed is pregnant?
Reproductive cycle of the female Pont-Audemer Spaniel: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.
During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.
The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.
The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.
The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.
The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Pont-Audemer Spaniel have in a litter? How many puppies can the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Pont-Audemer Spaniel have? How many puppies can a Pont-Audemer Spaniel give birth to?
AKC Group |
Is Pont-Audemer Spaniel recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.|
FCI Group |
Is Pont-Audemer Spaniel recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Recognized by FCI in the Pointing Dogs group, in the Continental Pointing Dogs section.|
Pont-Audemer Spaniel Pros and Cons
- Intelligent Rank: Very smart: Pont-Audemer Spaniel is an excellent dog breed.
- Trainability: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are very easy to train.
- Health Issues: Pont-Audemer Spaniels are commonly healthy dogs.
- Adaptability: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
- Child Friendly: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
- Dog Friendly: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are very dog-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Pont-Audemer Spaniels are usually recommended for elderly people.
- Good For First Time Owners: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
- Hypoallergenic: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions.
- Apartment Friendly: It is not recommended to keep the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed in the home.
- Drooling Tendency: The Pont-Audemer Spaniel drools quite a lot, so if you dislike being covered by slobber spots on your clothes, you may want to choose another dog breed.
- Mouthiness: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Impulse to Wander or Roam: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
- Tolerates Being Left Alone: Pont-Audemer Spaniel dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
- Office Friendly: Pont-Audemer Spaniel is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Pont-Audemer Spaniel History
The exact origin of the Pont-Audemer Spaniel breed is unknown, nonetheless, it is commonly thought that it has been developed around the 1800s, and its predecessors are likely to have been a mix of English and Irish Spaniels, more precisely on one hand the Irish Water Spaniel, and on the other hand, the French Picardy Spaniel. The breed’s name suggests that the dogs were developed around the region of Pont-Audemer within Normandy county in the northern part of France.
According to some sources, it is stated that the Barbet also played a role in the creation of the Pont-Audemer Spaniel. Traditionally, the breed was known as a setter and they were used to hunt waterfowl in or near water. The setter is a type of dog that sets or crouches down when they spot their prey. The hunters had noticed them pointing and standing completely still and then usually flush the prey out themselves independently. Thus, the breed was well-known and appreciated among hunters for its abilities, hunting competencies, and intelligence. The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is sometimes lovingly referred to as “Le Petit Clown de Marais” in French, which translates to “the little clown of the marshes”, indicating that locals still appreciate both its funny personality and its unparalleled ability to hunt in wet conditions.
In the early years of the breed’s existence, they were widespread within the country, nevertheless by the end of the Second World War, around the mid-1950s, their numbers had significantly declined. Because of this decrease, the president of the Pont-Audemer breed club allowed breeders to cross other spaniel breeds with the Pont-Audemer Spaniels’ existing gene pool, in order to prevent and alleviate the risk of interbreeding to a high extent. In spite of these incentives, the breed’s population remained low. In 1980, with the proposal of the Société Centrale Canine, the Pont-Audemer Spaniel Club was merged with the Picardy Spaniel breed club and is now recognized by the FCI as the Pont-Audemer Spaniel. Albeit the serious breeding efforts, even nowadays, the breed’s population size remains incredibly low and it is a distinct possibility that the purebred Pont-Audemer Spaniels will cease to exist in the near future.
The Pont-Audemer Spaniel is recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, the International Kennel Association, and also in 1996, by the United Kennel Club in the United States of America, despite the fact that the breed was never popular outside of France, it is surprisingly well-recognized among other breed registries including the American Rare Breed Association, the International Canine Kennel Club and the Continental Kennel Club.