Wire Fox Terrier Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Wire Fox Terrier so you can get to know the breed more.
Compare the Wire Fox Terrier With Other Dogs |
Select at least one dog breed to make the comparsion.
Other Names |
What other names does the Wire Fox Terrier have?
|FoxieWire Hair Fox TerrierWirehaired TerrierWire Fox Terrier|
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
Photo Gallery of the Wire Fox Terrier Breed
How much does the Wire Fox Terrier puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of a Wire Fox Terrier in the United States? How much money is a Wire Fox Terrier?
Where to buy a Wire Fox Terrier with a good pedigree?
If you choose to purchase the Wire Fox Terrier, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Wire Fox Terrier for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Wire Fox Terrier gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Wire Fox Terrier? How many Wire Fox Terrier are there in the world?
Very frequent: The Wire Fox Terrier is quite easy to get. There is a risk of overbreeding, as it is an extremely popular breed.
Inbreeding is common because of its popularity. A new study suggests that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.So be careful, buy from a trustworthy place or kennel and seek the help of an experienced person, a professional, to make the right decision.
Is a Wire Fox Terrier small, medium or large dog?
How big do Wire Fox Terrier get?
What is the average size of a Wire Fox Terrier?
How much does the Wire Fox Terrier weigh? How much should a Wire Fox Terrier weight? What is the normal weight of a Wire Fox Terrier? How much does a full-grown Wire Fox Terrier weight?
|Male: 15-20 pounds (7-9 kg), Female: 13-18 pounds (6-8 kg)|
Average Weight |
What is the average weight of a Wire Fox Terrier?
|Male: 17.5 pounds (8 kg), Female: 15.5 pounds (7 kg)|
How tall is the Wire Fox Terrier? Wire Fox Terrier height:
|Male: 14-16 inches (36-41 cm), Female: 13-15 inches (33-38 cm)|
Average Height |
What is the average height of a Wire Fox Terrier?
|Male: 15 inches (38.5 cm), Female: 14 inches (35.5 cm)|
Coat / Hair Types |
What type of coat does the Wire Fox Terrier have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Wire Fox Terrier coats?
|White White & Black White & TanWhite & Black & TanWhite & Tan & Black|
How to groom the Wire Fox Terrier and how often? How often should I take my Wire Fox Terrier to the groomer?
Average: The Wire Fox Terrier requires average grooming effort. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't essential.
Brushing the dog's coat is useful to reduce shedding. Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections.
Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Dog nail trimming and dog bath can be helpful sometimes.
Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and give your dog a pleasant experience of a dog bath.
If you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of your Wire Fox Terrier, search for a dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment.
Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk-in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level |
How much do Wire Fox Terrier dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Foxie? Do Wire Fox Terrier dogs shed a lot?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. Wire Fox Terrier dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency |
How often does the Wire Fox Terrier need a bath? How often should you give a Wire Fox Terrier a bath? Can I bathe my Wire Fox Terrier every day?
| 8-12 weeks |
Very rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.
For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.
What kind of personality does the Wire Fox Terrier have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Wire Fox Terrier? Is the Wire Fox Terrier breed dumb or smart?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.
The Wire Fox Terrier ranks average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.
Are Wire Fox Terrier dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train a Wire Fox Terrier?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
The Wire Fox Terrier is a highly playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Wire Fox Terrier sensitivity:
Wire Fox Terrier dogs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music.
Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally by moderate punishment.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they? Is a Wire Fox Terrier a good family dog?
High: Wire Fox Terrier dogs are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving, and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dogs for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Foxie need? Wire Fox Terrier social needs:
Wire Fox Terrier dogs need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Do Wire Fox Terrier dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Foxie bark?
A lot: Wire Fox Terrier is a particularly loud breed. They often enjoy barking and howling loudly. If you want a quiet dog, not the best choice.
The main triggers for barking are fear, attention, alarm, boredom, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking, and defense.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Wire Fox Terrier good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs are average watchdogs. If they sense something different, they will alert you, but observation isn't considered their main job.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial |
Do Wire Fox Terrier dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential |
Do Wire Fox Terrier bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Foxie? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Wire Fox Terrier? Why do dog bites happen?
The Wire Fox Terrier has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force |
Does the Wire Fox Terrier has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Wire Fox Terrier? How much bite force does a Wire Fox Terrier have?
Between 100 and 200 PSI 🔽
Wire Fox Terrier bite force: Weak. Dogs that have the weakest bite force below 200 PSI.
However, it is important to note that despite the fact that their bite force is considered the “weakest” it can still be very dangerous as all dog bites are.
They are usually not aggressive and very friendly towards children and other animals.
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Wire Fox Terrier do?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Wire Fox Terrier dogs need to be taught a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Wire Fox Terrier to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Wire Fox Terrier roam?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Wire Fox Terrier have high prey drive?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs have a high impulse to chase and catch something. Cats or any other small animals are in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Wire Fox Terrier dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Wire Fox Terrier good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have a Wire Fox Terrier in an apartment?
It is not the best choice if you want to keep them indoors, however, with careful exercise and several walks a day, they will tolerate the indoor environment, so it is possible to keep Wire Fox Terrier indoors.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
How long can a Wire Fox Terrier be left alone? How long can you leave a Wire Fox Terrier alone?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Wire Fox Terrier temperament with other people:
Wire Fox Terrier dogs are average friendly towards strangers.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Wire Fox Terrier dogs get along with other pets? Are Wire Fox Terrier dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs do best when they’re the only pet at the family.
Child Friendly |
Are Wire Fox Terrier dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Wire Fox Terrier temperament with children:
Wire Fox Terrier dogs are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Wire Fox Terrier dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Wire Fox Terrier breed live with a cat?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs are not cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly |
Is Wire Fox Terrier good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Wire Fox Terrier dogs get along with other dogs?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Wire Fox Terrier is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Wire Fox Terrier breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Wire Fox Terrier breed suitable for first-time owners?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly |
Are Wire Fox Terrier dogs good office canines? Do Wire Fox Terrier dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Wire Fox Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Wire Fox Terrier dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Foxie temperament with senior people? Are Wire Fox Terrier dogs good for elderly owners?
Wire Fox Terriers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Wire Fox Terrier dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Wire Fox Terrier is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems |
What genetic/health problems does the Wire Fox Terrier breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Wire Fox Terrier breed? Most common health risks of Wire Fox Terrier:
|Legg-perthes DiseaseEye ProblemsEpilepsyDeafnessArthritis|
Veterinarian Visits |
How often does the Wire Fox Terrier breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Wire Fox Terrier see the vet?
The Wire Fox Terrier should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy |
How long do Wire Fox Terrier dogs live? How old can a Wire Fox Terrier be? What is the age limit of the Wire Fox Terrier? How many years can the oldest Wire Fox Terrier live?
What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Wire Fox Terrier?
How long is the lifespan of a Wire Fox Terrier?
The average lifespan of Wire Fox Terrier: 13 years
Is the Wire Fox Terrier breed hypoallergenic?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction. However there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs in the world, there are a variety of breeds that are considered to reduce or minimize the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Wire Fox Terrier have? What is the activity level of the Wire Fox Terrier?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need |
How much exercise does a Wire Fox Terrier need? How much exercise do Wire Fox Terrier dogs require per day?
Do Wire Fox Terrier dogs need a lot of exercises?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does the Wire Fox Terrier breed need?
Wire Fox Terrier dogs don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption |
How much food does a Wire Fox Terrier need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Wire Fox Terrier breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Wire Fox Terrier? How much food should I feed my Wire Fox Terrier?
|1 to 2 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Wire Fox Terrier risk for obesity:
Low to Average: The Wire Fox Terrier has a low to the average risk for obesity. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.
If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Wire Fox Terrier weight regularly.
Weather and Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
| Tolerates warm and cold weather |
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Wire Fox Terrier has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency |
Does the Wire Fox Terrier drool?
The Wire Fox Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Wire Fox Terrier could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Wire Fox Terrier.
If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Wire Fox Terrier be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).
Wire Fox Terrier is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Wire Fox Terrier be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Wire Fox Terrier be an emotional support animal?
This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.
Wire Fox Terrier is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Wire Fox Terrier be a sniffer dog?
They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Wire Fox Terrier is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Wire Fox Terrier be a search and rescue dog?
This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.
The Wire Fox Terrier is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Wire Fox Terrier be a boat dog?
Wire Fox Terrier breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.
Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Wire Fox Terrier be a drafting dog?
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.
Wire Fox Terrier is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog |
Where Wire Fox Terrier dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Gestation Length |
How long is a Wire Fox Terrier pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Wire Fox Terrier breed is pregnant?
Reproductive cycle of the female Wire Fox Terrier: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.
During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.
The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.
The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.
The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.
The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Wire Fox Terrier have in a litter? How many puppies can the Wire Fox Terrier breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Wire Fox Terrier have? How many puppies can a Wire Fox Terrier give birth to?
AKC Group |
Is Wire Fox Terrier recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1885 as a Terrier breed.|
FCI Group |
Is Wire Fox Terrier recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Not recognized by FCI.|
Breed Recognition |
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Wire Fox Terrier breed?
|American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleKennel Club of Great BritainNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Australian National Kennel CouncilContinental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubNew Zealand Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubClub Espanol De Terriers|
Wire Fox Terrier Pros and Cons
- Trainability: Wire Fox Terrier dogs are easy to train.
- Hypoallergenic: Wire Fox Terrier dogs do well with allergy sufferers by causing fewer allergic reaction.
- Shedding Level: Wire Fox Terrier dogs shed none to minimal.
- Drooling Tendency: The Wire Fox Terrier is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
- Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity: Low to Average: The Wire Fox Terrier has a low to the average risk for obesity.
- Adaptability: Wire Fox Terrier dogs adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
- Child Friendly: Wire Fox Terrier dogs are very kid-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Wire Fox Terriers are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
- Good For First Time Owners: Wire Fox Terrier dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
- Mouthiness: Wire Fox Terrier dogs have a strong tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people.
- Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wire Fox Terrier dogs have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
- Tolerates Being Left Alone: Wire Fox Terrier dogs tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
- Cat Friendly: Wire Fox Terrier dogs are not cat-friendly dogs.
- Dog Friendly: Wire Fox Terrier dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
- Office Friendly: Wire Fox Terrier is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Wire Fox Terrier History
The Fox Terrier can trace its history back to the late 1700s, during the heyday of British foxhunting. The breed was developed in order to bolt the foxes out of their lair, enabling other hound breeds and horsemen to join the pursuit over open country. Breeders started to work on the Terrier breed's appearance and dark-colored coats, with the intention of making them lighter. This was important for the hunters, for the reason that a light coated dog is easily distinguishable from its surroundings and from the game.
The Fox Terrier is thought to be developed from the cross-breeding of the now-extinct rough-coated, Black-and-Tan terriers, the Old English Terrier, Bull Terriers originating from Wales, Durham, and Derbyshire. Later, Greyhounds and Beagles were also added to the breading mix in order to enhance the Fox Terriers’ speed and physique. Initially, two different types of Fox Terriers were created, the Smooth and the Wire. It is widely accepted that the Wire Fox Terrier was developed long before the Smooth one, however, the Wire did not make an appearance in the show rings for 20 years after the Smooth was presented. At first, these two types appeared in the same litters, and breeders did not make a difference between them. However, towards the end of the 19th century, a stricter breed standard was drawn up, which separated the Smooth and the Wire variety of the Fox Terrier. By the end of the 1800s, the Wire Fox Terrier’s demand increased significantly, both as show and champion dogs. In the breed’s native land, in England, the two varieties have been recognized as separate breeds, with different registries and standards since the early 20th century. However, the AKC (American Kennel Club) recognized both the Wire and the Smooth Fox Terriers as one breed in 1885 along with 14 other breeds. Interestingly, the AKC did not make a distinction between the two varieties until 1985, when the club finally recognized them as separate breeds.
The Wire Fox Terrier was very well-esteemed and beloved by many famous people throughout history. First, the breed appeared alongside Queen Victoria, and her heir, along with King Edward VII on paintings and in real life too. King Edward was fond of the breed and had several specimens in his life, the most well-known, and his favorite was named Caesar. The Wire Fox Terrier’s popularity peaked, thanks to a major boost in the 1930s and 1940s, when a Wire named Asta co-starred with William Powell and Myrna Loy in six “Thin Man” movies. Another popular show called “The Adventures of Tintin” also featured a Wire Fox Terrier, named Milou. Since then, thanks to the breed’s striking looks, natural performing skills, and loveable features, the dogs are considered usual guests and stars in TV commercials, series, and movies.
Nowadays, the Wire Fox Terrier is fully separated from the Smooth one, and there are strict breeding protocols that eliminate the further interbreeding of these cousin breeds. Despite this, the two varieties still share many identical physical characteristics and behavioral traits. Until 2019, the Wire Fox Terrier received more Best in Show titles at the Westminster Kennel Club dog shows than any other breed in history. Thus, it is safe to say, that the breed’s popularity did not decrease yet. Nowadays, the breed is mostly kept as family companions and sporting dogs, rather than underground vermin hunters.
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Wire Fox Terrier Comments, Reviews and Questions
Dec 15, 2020, 4:13:19 PM:
Loving, loyal, caring, independent, intelligent and feisty! A good family dog and master show dog. Not a great dog for beginners though. They require a calm, firm and loving human companion.