Wirehaired Vizsla Information & Dog Breed Facts
Collection of all the general dog breed info about Wirehaired Vizsla so you can get to know the breed more.
Compare the Wirehaired Vizsla With Other Dogs |
Select at least one dog breed to make the comparsion.
Other Names |
What other names does the Wirehaired Vizsla have?
|Hungarian Wirehaired VizslaDrótszőrű magyar vizsla|
Breed Type |
What type of dog breed is it?
Photo Gallery of the Wirehaired Vizsla Breed
How much does the Wirehaired Vizsla puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is a Wirehaired Vizsla?
If you choose to purchase the Wirehaired Vizsla, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Wirehaired Vizsla for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Wirehaired Vizsla gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Wirehaired Vizsla? How many Wirehaired Vizsla are there in the world?
Frequent: The Wirehaired Vizsla is easier than average to get. Maybe there is some risk of overbreeding, as it is a popular breed.
Due to its popularity, inbreeding may occur. A new study shows that inbreeding contributes to the incidence of disease and health problems.So be careful and seek the help of an experienced person or a professional, in making your decision.
Is a Wirehaired Vizsla small, medium or large dog?
How big do Wirehaired Vizsla get?
How much does the Wirehaired Vizsla weigh? How much should the Wirehaired Vizsla breed weight? What is the normal weight of a Wirehaired Vizsla?
|Male: 45-60 pounds (20-27 kg), Female: 40-55 pounds (18-25 kg)|
Average Weight |
What is the average weight of a Wirehaired Vizsla?
|Male: 52.5 pounds (23.5 kg), Female: 47.5 pounds (21.5 kg)|
How tall is the Wirehaired Vizsla? Wirehaired Vizsla height:
|Male: 23-25 inches (57-64 cm), Female: 21-23.5 inches (53-60 cm)|
Average Height |
What is the average height of a Wirehaired Vizsla?
|Male: 24 inches (60.5 cm), Female: 21-23.5 inches (56.5 cm)|
Coat / Hair Types |
What type of coat does the Wirehaired Vizsla have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Wirehaired Vizsla's coat?
How to groom the Wirehaired Vizsla and how often?
Easy to groom: The Wirehaired Vizsla doesn't require a lot of grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.
Ears and eyes should be cleaned regularly to avoid infections. Wirehaired Vizsla is a good choice if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.Recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level |
How much do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Hungarian Wirehaired Vizsla?
Wirehaired Vizslas shed none to minimal. Having a puppy from this breed you don't have to be afraid of your couch or car being covered by dog hair. Wirehaired Vizsla dogs could be the best choice if you don't tolerate dog hair.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency |
How often does the Wirehaired Vizsla need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Wirehaired Vizsla every day?
| 8-12 weeks |
Very rarely. Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.
For example, short-haired dog breeds can go a very long time in between baths. These short-haired breeds shed regularly and that shedding works to naturally remove excess dirt and oil. So unless your weenie dog got into the garbage can, you can probably hold off on a bath for a while.
What kind of personality does the Wirehaired Vizsla have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Intelligent Rank |
How smart is the Wirehaired Vizsla? Is the Wirehaired Vizsla breed dumb or smart?
Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one. Keep in mind that if you want to teach them any tricks, they understand and memorize new commands in 40-80 repetitions. Wirehaired Vizsla obey the first command 30% of the time or better. So if you want to have a smart dog, you might have to reconsider your choice with this breed.
The Wirehaired Vizsla ranks below average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.
Are Wirehaired Vizsla dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Wirehaired Vizslas are easy to train. They find out the association between commands and actions quite quickly.
How playful is this breed?
The Wirehaired Vizsla is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level |
How sensitive are they? Wirehaired Vizsla sensitivity:
Sensitive: Wirehaired Vizslas don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household, and frequent guest visits.
This breed's emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level |
How affectionate are they? Is a Wirehaired Vizsla a good family dog?
High: Wirehaired Vizslas are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and are considered great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs |
How much social interaction does the Hungarian Wirehaired Vizsla need? Wirehaired Vizsla social needs:
Wirehaired Vizslas are kinda antisocial. This breed doesn't like being around people all the time, they tolerate being left alone.
Do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Hungarian Wirehaired Vizsla bark?
Low: The Wirehaired Vizsla barks none to minimal. Perfect choice if you prefer a quiet breed.
Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability |
Is Wirehaired Vizsla good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Wirehaired Vizslas are good watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're consistent in their effort. Good vocal cords and a sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're territorial and protective about their property, so the Wirehaired Vizslas will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial |
Do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Wirehaired Vizslas strongly protect their territory. This breed is a complete security guard, so you don't have to be afraid in case of danger.
Biting Potential |
Do Wirehaired Vizsla bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Hungarian Wirehaired Vizsla? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Wirehaired Vizsla? Why do dog bites happen?
The Wirehaired Vizsla has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force |
Does the Wirehaired Vizsla has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Wirehaired Vizsla? How much bite force does a Wirehaired Vizsla have?
Between 200 and 400 PSI ⏺
Wirehaired Vizsla bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.
The Wirehaired Vizsla, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.
However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Wirehaired Vizsla do?
Wirehaired Vizslas have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Wirehaired Vizslas need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam |
How likely is the Wirehaired Vizsla to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Wirehaired Vizsla roam?
Wirehaired Vizslas have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world. Safer to walk them on a leash unless you teach them how to get back to you on command. This breed is also able to cause damage to your fence.
Prey Drive |
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Wirehaired Vizsla have high prey drive?
Wirehaired Vizslas have low to an average impulse to chase and catch something like a cat or any other small aminals.
Apartment Friendly |
Is Wirehaired Vizsla good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
It is not recommended to keep the Wirehaired Vizsla breed in the home. It does best in the garden, but if you do want to keep it indoors, it should be exercised thoroughly with long daily walks, so you can keep the Wirehaired Vizsla indoors by introducing daily routines.
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Wirehaired Vizslas adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone |
How long can a Wirehaired Vizsla be left alone?
Wirehaired Vizslas handle alone time quite well. They are not prone to have separation anxiety.
Stranger Friendly |
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Wirehaired Vizsla temperament with other people:
Wirehaired Vizslas are stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly |
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs get along with other pets? Are Wirehaired Vizsla dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Wirehaired Vizslas are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly |
Are Wirehaired Vizsla dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Wirehaired Vizsla temperament with children:
Wirehaired Vizslas are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly |
How well do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Wirehaired Vizsla breed live with a cat?
Wirehaired Vizslas are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly |
Is Wirehaired Vizsla good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs get along with other dogs?
Wirehaired Vizslas are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Wirehaired Vizsla can be a great choice.
Good For First Time Owners |
Is Wirehaired Vizsla breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Wirehaired Vizsla breed suitable for first-time owners?
Wirehaired Vizslas are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly |
Are Wirehaired Vizslas good office dogs? Do Wirehaired Vizslas make good office friendly dogs? Can Wirehaired Vizslas be office dogs?
Wirehaired Vizsla is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly |
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Hungarian Wirehaired Vizsla temperament with senior people? Are Wirehaired Vizsla dogs good for elderly owners?
Wirehaired Vizslas are usually recommended for elderly people.
Health Issues |
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Wirehaired Vizsla is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems |
What genetic/health problems does the Wirehaired Vizsla breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Wirehaired Vizsla breed? Most common health risks of Wirehaired Vizsla:
|Addison's DiseaseAutoimmune Hemolytic AnemiaCancerCushing's SyndromeEar InfectionsElbow DysplasiaEpilepsyEye InfectionsHip DysplasiaHypothyroidismInflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)Kidney IssuesSkin Allergies|
Veterinarian Visits |
How often does the Wirehaired Vizsla breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Wirehaired Vizsla see the vet?
The Wirehaired Vizsla should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy |
How long do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs live? How old can a Wirehaired Vizsla be? What is the age limit of the Wirehaired Vizsla? How many years can the oldest Wirehaired Vizsla live?
What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Wirehaired Vizsla?
The average lifespan of Wirehaired Vizsla: 13 years
Is the Wirehaired Vizsla breed hypoallergenic?
| No |
Wirehaired Vizslas don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level |
How much energy does the Wirehaired Vizsla have? What is the activity level of the Wirehaired Vizsla?
Wirehaired Vizslas are high-energy dogs. An active lifestyle makes them happy.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need |
How much exercise does a Wirehaired Vizsla need? How much exercise do Wirehaired Vizsla dogs require per day?
Wirehaired Vizslas need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need |
How much sleep does the Wirehaired Vizsla breed need?
Wirehaired Vizslas don't need too much sleep. They are energetic and desire to live an active life. If you think naps are overrated, this breed can be the best choice for you.
Average daily food consumption |
How much food does a Wirehaired Vizsla need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Wirehaired Vizsla breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Wirehaired Vizsla? How much food should I feed my Wirehaired Vizsla?
|2.5 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.|
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity |
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Wirehaired Vizsla risk for obesity:
Average: The Wirehaired Vizsla has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.
If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Wirehaired Vizsla's weight regularly.
Weather and Climate |
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
| Prefers average to warm weather conditions |
Different dogs have different preferences when it comes to weather conditions. However, in general, most dogs prefer average to warm weather conditions, as they typically find hot weather conditions to be uncomfortable and taxing.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
The Wirehaired Vizsla has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency |
Does the Wirehaired Vizsla drool?
The Wirehaired Vizsla is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Wirehaired Vizsla could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Wirehaired Vizsla.
If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.
Service Dog |
Are they good as service dogs? Can Wirehaired Vizsla be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).
Wirehaired Vizsla is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog |
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Wirehaired Vizsla be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Wirehaired Vizsla be an emotional support animal?
This breed makes a perfect therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.
Wirehaired Vizsla breed is a good choice for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog |
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Wirehaired Vizsla be a sniffer dog?
They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.
Wirehaired Vizsla is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR) |
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Wirehaired Vizsla be a search and rescue dog?
This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.
The Wirehaired Vizsla is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat and Sailor Dog |
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Wirehaired Vizsla be a boat dog?
Wirehaired Vizsla breed usually likes being on a boat.
Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.
Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, as a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog |
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Wirehaired Vizsla be a drafting dog?
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.
Wirehaired Vizsla is not the best breed for drafting purposes.
Fighting Dog / Military Dog |
Where Wirehaired Vizsla dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.
Gestation Length |
How long is a Wirehaired Vizsla pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Wirehaired Vizsla breed is pregnant?
Reproductive cycle of the female Wirehaired Vizsla: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.
During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.
The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.
The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.
The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.
The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size |
How many puppies can the Wirehaired Vizsla have in a litter? How many puppies can the Wirehaired Vizsla breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Wirehaired Vizsla have? How many puppies can a Wirehaired Vizsla give birth to?
AKC Group |
Is Wirehaired Vizsla recognized by the American Kennel Club?
|Recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2014 as a Sporting breed.|
FCI Group |
Is Wirehaired Vizsla recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
|Recognized by FCI in the Pointing Dogs group, in the Continental Pointing Dogs section.|
Breed Recognition |
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Wirehaired Vizsla breed?
|American Canine RegistryAmerican Kennel ClubAmerica's Pet RegistryCanadian Kennel ClubDog Registry of America Inc.Federation Cynologique InternationaleNorth American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.Continental Kennel ClubNational Kennel ClubUnited Kennel ClubAmerican Rare Breed Association|
Wirehaired Vizsla Pros and Cons
- Trainability: Wirehaired Vizslas are easy to train.
- Grooming: Easy to groom: The Wirehaired Vizsla doesn't require a lot of grooming.
- Shedding Level: Wirehaired Vizslas shed none to minimal.
- Drooling Tendency: The Wirehaired Vizsla is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
- Watchdog Ability: Wirehaired Vizslas are good watchdogs.
- Adaptability: Wirehaired Vizslas adapt very well to lifestyle changes and basically all living environments.
- Tolerates Being Left Alone: Wirehaired Vizslas handle alone time quite well.
- Child Friendly: Wirehaired Vizslas are kid-friendly dogs.
- Dog Friendly: Wirehaired Vizslas are dog-friendly dogs.
- Senior Citizens Friendly: Wirehaired Vizslas are usually recommended for elderly people.
- Good For First Time Owners: Wirehaired Vizslas are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
- Therapy Dog: This breed makes a perfect therapy dog.
- Boat and Sailor Dog: Wirehaired Vizsla breed usually likes being on a boat.
Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.
Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages.
- Intelligent Rank: Low to average: This canine intelligence is not the brightest one.
- Hypoallergenic: Wirehaired Vizslas don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
- Apartment Friendly: It is not recommended to keep the Wirehaired Vizsla breed in the home.
- Mouthiness: Wirehaired Vizslas have a higher than average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
- Impulse to Wander or Roam: Wirehaired Vizslas have high wanderlust potential, which means that this breed has a strong desire for exploring the world.
- Office Friendly: Wirehaired Vizsla is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Wirehaired Vizsla History
Although the Vizsla’s history is said to go back many centuries, the Wirehaired Vizsla is a relatively recent development. The breed originates from Hungary in the 1930s, and as it is a dog that developed in the 20th century, experts know much more about the details of how the Wirehaired Vizsla was created.
They were developed by hunters and falconers who wanted a sturdy dog with a tough, wiry coat that could be somewhat protective against the rough field conditions and harsh winter weather found in northern Hungary. They submitted a plan for creating such a dog to the Hungarian Vizsla Klub. After much controversy, the plan was accepted, on the condition that the Vizsla’s inherent qualities and distinctive golden-rust coat color would be preserved. The primary difference would be the coat’s length and texture, which would be long and wiry. Moreover, to create the breed, smooth Vizslas were crossed with a German Wirehaired Pointed. Apparently, it was developed by Vasas Jozsef, owner of the Csabai Vizsla kennel along with Laszlo Gresznarik, who owned the de Selle German Wirehaired Pointer kennel. Two Vizsla bitches, Zsuzsi and Csibi, both of whom combined excellent pedigrees with good working ability, were selected to breed with a totally liver-colored German Wirehaired Pointer. Zsuzsi’s sire was known to have offspring with longer coats. The best of Zsuzsi’s and Csibi’s offspring were selected and bred together and Dia de Selle, the first Wirehaired Vizsla to be exhibited was born. She had the same body as a shorthaired Vizsla, but her head was the shape of the German Wirehaired Pointer. While her coat was not rough and thick enough, she was the promising beginning of the creation of the new breed. The breed is a versatile, natural hunter endowed with an excellent nose and above-average trainability. Although they are lively, gentle and mannered, demonstrably affectionate, and sensitive, they are also fearless and possessed of a well-developed protective instinct. The breed also has a firmness on point, is an excellent retriever, and has a determination to remain on the scent even when swimming. However, World War II resulted in the reduction of the populations of Vizslas and Wirehaired Vizslas so because of this they were further crossed with a Pudelpointer, a Wirehaired pointing Griffon, an Irish Setter, and possibly a Bloodhound.
Furthermore, the Wirehaired Vizsla was recognized by the Federation Cynologique Internationale in 1966. Not so much later they were also imported to the United States, in the early 1970s, but they didn’t receive full recognition from the American Kennel Club until 2014. The Canadian Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1978, and the North American Versatile Hunting Dog Association recognized them in 1986. In 2006, the United Kennel Club also recognized the breed as the Hungarian Wire-Haired Vizsla.
Latest Wirehaired Vizsla Compares
Wirehaired Vizsla Names
How old is my Wirehaired Vizsla in human years?
Rate The Wirehaired Vizsla Breed
Wirehaired Vizsla Comments, Reviews and Questions
- Hungarian Wire Haired Vizsla
Jun 25, 2020, 5:40:48 PM:
I have had a Vizsla since I was two and they are great family dogs as they are gentle to children, know their place in the family and are easy to train.If you are a first time dog owner I wouldn't recommend them as they are very full on.