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Azawakh Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Azawakh so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Hunting Dogs
Popularity Rank492
User Ratings
Compare the Azawakh With Other Dogs
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Azawakh dog profile picture
OriginMali flagMali
Other Names
What other names does the Azawakh have?
BareeruHansheeOskaRawonduTuareg SloughiWuloIdi
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?

Azawakh Size and Weight

Is an Azawakh small, medium or large dog?

How big do Azawakh get?

What is the average size of an Azawakh?

How much does the Azawakh weigh? How much should an Azawakh weight? What is the normal weight of an Azawakh? How much does a full-grown Azawakh weight?
Male: 44–55 pounds (20–25 kg), Female: 33–44 pounds (15–20 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of an Azawakh?
Male: 44–55 pounds (20–25 kg), Female: 33–44 pounds (15–20 kg)
How tall is the Azawakh? Azawakh height:
Male: 25–29 inches (64–74 cm), Female: 24–28 inches (60–70 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of an Azawakh?
Male: 25–29 inches (64–74 cm), Female: 24–28 inches (60–70 cm)

Azawakh Price and Availability

How much does the Azawakh puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of an Azawakh in the United States? How much money is an Azawakh?

Where to buy an Azawakh with a good pedigree?

If you choose to purchase the Azawakh, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Azawakh for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Azawakh gets to a happy place.
How easy is it to get a Azawakh? How many Azawakh are there in the world?
Rare: You may rarely see each other in everyday life, but you might catch a glimpse of each other at dog shows.

There are very few of them, and there have been times when they have almost drifted to the brink of extinction, so few are left.

Azawakh Trainability and Intelligence

Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Azawakh? Is the Azawakh breed dumb or smart?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.

The Azawakh ranks average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.

Are Azawakh dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training? How hard is it to train an Azawakh?
Azawakh dogs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Watchdog Ability
Is Azawakh good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Azawakh dogs are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Azawakh dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Azawakh dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Azawakh dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Azawakh can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Azawakh will take care of unwanted people or animals.

Azawakh Personality and Temperament

What kind of personality does the Azawakh have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Azawakh sensitivity:
Azawakh dogs have an average emotional level and are not the most sensitive dog breed. Sometimes it's okay to change the daily routine, have guests and listen to loud music.

Some dogs handle moderate punishment very well, while others crumble apart at a dirty look. This breed is not affected emotionally by moderate punishment.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is an Azawakh a good family dog?
Average to High: Azawakh dogs are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Bareeru need? Azawakh social needs:
Azawakh dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Azawakh to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Azawakh roam?
Azawakh dogs tend to escape less than other breeds. They have low to average wanderlust potential. Exploring the world is not the best activity they can imagine.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Azawakh have high prey drive?
Azawakh dogs have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Azawakh dogs are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.

Azawakh Activity and Playfulness

How playful is this breed?
Average: Azawakhs, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Do Azawakh dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Bareeru bark?
Low to Average: The Azawakh rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Apartment Friendly
Is Azawakh good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat? Can you have an Azawakh in an apartment?
Very house-friendly dog the Azawakh breed. It's good if you have a small garden where he can go out and do his business, but it's not important at all. You can get enough exercise with one or two walks a day, so keeping them indoors shouldn't be a problem.

Azawakh Adaptability and Independence

Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Azawakh dogs don't adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't like moving from one place to another.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can an Azawakh be left alone? How long can you leave an Azawakh alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.

Azawakh Bite Characteristics

Bite Force PSI
Does the Azawakh has a hard bite? What is the bite force of an Azawakh? How much bite force does an Azawakh have? How strong is an Azawakh bite?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Azawakh bite force: Ordinary. Bite force Azawakh measurements typically fall within the range of 200 to 400 PSI. The bite force of an Azawakh is considered ordinary when compared to other dog breeds, but it is still quite powerful. This Azawakh bite force PSI can cause bite wounds. Azawakh bite PSI is not something that should be feared if the dog is well-trained and managed. To avoid any issues, it's essential to learn how to train an Azawakh puppy not to bite from an early age.

The Azawakh, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

In conclusion, while the Azawakh bite force is certainly an interesting aspect of the breed, it is important not to let it overshadow the many other reasons why these dogs are so loved and respected. With proper training and socialization, an Azawakh can be a loyal and protective companion for your family.

Biting Potential
Do Azawakh bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Bareeru? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Azawakh? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Azawakh has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Azawakh do?
Azawakh dogs have an average tendency to nip, chew, playbite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Azawakh dogs need to be taught a good attitude.

Azawakh Health and Lifespan

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Azawakh dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Azawakh is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Azawakh breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Azawakh breed? Most common health risks of Azawakh:
HypothyroidismBloatHeart ProblemsSkin AllergiesAnesthesia SensitivityAutoimmune ThyroiditisEosinophilic MyositusIdiopathic EpilepsyLacerationsSeizuresWobbler's Syndrome
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Azawakh breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Azawakh see the vet?
The Azawakh should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Azawakh dogs live? How old can a Azawakh be? What is the age limit of the Azawakh? How many years can the oldest Azawakh live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of an Azawakh?

How long is the lifespan of an Azawakh?

10-12 years
The average lifespan of Azawakh: 11 years
Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Prefers warm weather
Dogs that prefer warm weather conditions are typically breeds that were originally bred in warmer climates.

Azawakh Energy and Activity

Energy Level
How much energy does the Azawakh have? What is the activity level of the Azawakh?
Azawakh dogs have an average energy level, so if you live a semi-active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does an Azawakh need? How much exercise do Azawakh dogs require per day?

Do Azawakh dogs need a lot of exercises?

Azawakh dogs have an average exercise need. This breed is satisfied with short walks every weekday and a long ones on weekends.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Azawakh breed need?
Azawakh dogs sleep 12-14 hours a day as an average dog and they're not considered a lazy breed.

Azawakh Diet and Weight Management

Average daily food consumption
How much food does an Azawakh need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does an Azawakh breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Azawakh? How much food should I feed my Azawakh?
2 to 3 cups of a high-quality dog food a day.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Azawakh risk for obesity:
Average: The Azawakh has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Azawakh weight regularly.

Azawakh Allergies and Grooming

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Azawakh have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
What color is the breed's coat? What color are proper Azawakh coats?
BlackGray Blue White Brown Brindle Golden
How to groom the Azawakh and how often? How often should I take my Azawakh to the groomer?
Effortless: The Azawakh requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Azawakh is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Azawakh dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Bareeru? Do Azawakh dogs shed a lot?
Azawakh dogs shed moderately. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Regular brushing reduces the amount of hair that sheds. It mostly depends on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Azawakh need a bath? How often should you give an Azawakh a bath? Can I bathe my Azawakh every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time.

Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Is the Azawakh breed hypoallergenic?
Azawakh dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions. Some dog breeds are even considered to higher possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?


The Azawakh has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Azawakh drool?
The Azawakh is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Azawakh could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Azawakh.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Azawakh Good With

Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Azawakh dogs get along with other pets? Are Azawakh dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Azawakh dogs do best when they’re the only pet at the family.
Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Azawakh temperament with other people:
Azawakh dogs are not stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Azawakh dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Azawakh temperament with children:
Azawakh dogs are not the most kid-friendly dogs. If you have children, you may have to reconsider your choice of having a puppy from this breed.
Cat Friendly
How well do Azawakh dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Azawakh breed live with a cat?
Azawakh dogs are not cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Azawakh good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Azawakh dogs get along with other dogs?
Azawakh dogs are average friendly towards other dogs.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Azawakh breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Azawakh breed suitable for first-time owners?
Azawakh dogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Office Friendly
Are Azawakh dogs good office canines? Do Azawakh dogs make good office-friendly pets? Can they be office dogs?
Azawakh is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Azawakh dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Bareeru temperament with senior people? Are Azawakh dogs good for elderly owners?
Azawakhs are not the best breed for elderly people.

Azawakh As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Azawakh be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Azawakh is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Azawakh be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Azawakh be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Azawakh is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Azawakh be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Azawakh is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Azawakh be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Azawakh is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Azawakh be a boat dog?

Not really

Azawakh breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Azawakh be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Azawakh is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Azawakh dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Azawakh Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is an Azawakh pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Azawakh breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Azawakh: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Azawakh have in a litter? How many puppies can the Azawakh breed have for the first time? How many puppies does an Azawakh have? How many puppies can an Azawakh give birth to?
4-6 puppies

Azawakh Recognition

AKC Group
Is Azawakh recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Recognized by the American Kennel Club as a Miscellaneous breed.
FCI Group
Is Azawakh recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Recognized by FCI in the Sighthounds group, in the Short-haired Sighthounds section.

Azawakh Pros and Cons

  • Apartment Friendly: Very house-friendly dog the Azawakh breed.
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Azawakh requires minimal grooming.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Azawakh is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Azawakh dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Azawakh dogs tend to escape less than other breeds.
  • Hypoallergenic: Azawakh dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reactions.
  • Adaptability: Azawakh dogs don't adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Azawakh dogs are not the most kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Azawakh dogs are not cat-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Azawakh is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Azawakhs are not the best breed for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Azawakh dogs are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

Azawakh History

The original homeland of the Azawakh is the endless arid regions of the southern Sahara and the Sahel zone. Geographically encompassing the border region of Mali and Niger lies in the center of the Azawakh Valley. The Azawakh breed is also known as the Tuareg Sloughi, named after the Tuareg nomads. The breed has a few alternative names, including “Idii n’ illeli”, which means sighthound of the free people, or noble dog of the free people. The Azawakh is regarded as a respectful breed and enjoys appreciation from the nomads.

Moreover, while it is unknown exactly how old the Azawakh is, it is probably among the most ancient of all dogs, or at least directly descended from them. Genetics, archeologists, and other specialists disagree over when the dog was first domesticated, with estimates ranging between 14,000 and 100,000 years ago. Several archaeological findings spanning from 5,000 to 9,000 years ago show dogs that have been identified as potential ancestors to a number of modern breeds. Among the oldest of these varieties were dogs that closely resemble sighthounds, which are frequently depicted running down fleet-footed gazelles and hares. These ancient Middle Eastern sighthounds almost certainly developed into the Saluki and the Afghan Hound, two of the world’s oldest breeds. For many years, it was widely assumed that these two breeds spread over the world as a result of conquest and trade, eventually resulting in the profusion of sighthounds that can now be found all over the world. It is believed, that the Saluki spread to the Maghreb where it was developed into a very similar breed, the Sloughi. The Sloughi was then supposedly acquired by the few tribes who managed to survive in the Sahara such as the Tuareg. According to one theory, the tribes traveling brought their Sloughi dogs south to the Sahel, and then the Sahelian people gradually bred the Sloughi to localized conditions until it developed into the Azawakh.

However, while this traditional Middle Eastern theory is still possible and is supported by many, recent evidence has provided an alternative that seems more reliable. Genetic tests conducted on dogs across the world have shed light on the actual relationships between them. They have also demonstrated that sighthounds evolved independently several times over history and that the similarities in appearance are the result of being bred for similar purposes, rather than actual relationships. The tests have shown that the Azawakh is more closely related to the African Pariah dogs than it is to other sighthound breeds. Moreover, these tests have also indicated that the Azawakh possesses a unique variety of the glucose isomerase gene, which can be found in foxes, jackals, Italian wolves, Sloughis, and a few Japanese breeds. This has led to speculation, that the Azawakh’s ancestors may have interbred with jackals occasionally.

Furthermore, the Azawakh has gone through a difficult time when people were forced to abandon their dogs as the Sahel was a very difficult place to live and still is as many famines strike the region. There are not always enough resources for a tribe to support an excessive amount of dogs, therefore only the dogs considered the highest quality are selected to live. In most years, one puppy is selected from each litter, and the others are euthanized. This practice may seem cruel to Western eyes, but it is a necessity in the harsh environment of the Sahel. For cultural reasons, male Azawakhs are greatly preferred over females, and most of the puppies kept are male. Females are usually only kept when there is a need to produce more dogs. The Azawakh was subject to extreme natural selection, in addition to man-made selection. Any dog who was unable to cope with the Sahel’s high temperatures, arid conditions, and tropical diseases, passed away.

Moreover, the primary purpose of the sighthound is to chase down and catch fast-moving prey. The Azawakh is similarly used and is capable of reaching very fast speed in extremely high temperatures. They are exceptional hunters with an eye for obtaining meat and are known to hunt hare, antelope, and wild boar. They are renowned for their relentless stamina and ability to run 40 mph. They were previously trained to protect camps and hunt with owners, although today, the Azawakh prefer to hunt within a pack.

The breed was almost entirely isolated for centuries. Despite the growing interest in dog breeding, the European imperialists that gained control of much of the Sahel in the 19th century paid little to no attention to the Azawakh. This began to change in the 1970s when the French were in the process of granting independence to their remaining colonies. At the time, a Yugoslavian diplomat named Dr. Pecar was stationed in the West African nation of Burkina Faso. He became interested in the breed, but local customs prohibited their sale. These dogs could be offered as gifts, and Dr. Pecar was given his first female in thanks for killing a bull elephant who was terrorizing a community. Pecar was later able to acquire two littermates. He brought these three dogs back to Yugoslavia where they became the first Azawakhs to arrive on the European continent. Shortly after, French bureaucratic officials working in Mali returned to Europe with seven more individual Azawakhs. In 1981, the Azawakh was first recognized as a unique breed by the Federation Cynologique Internationale under the name Sloughi-Azawakh. Five years later, the Sloughi was officially dropped from the name. Although rare, imports of Azawakhs continued to arrive periodically. Three such dogs formed the basis of the Coppe Line, which together with the French and Yugoslavian lines constitute the majority of the descendants of the original seven dogs. Although, it is not exactly clear when the first Azawakh was imported to the United States, it was probably during the early 1980s. The first confirmed litter whelped in the US was born in 1987. All of the earliest American Azawakhs were red with white markings, the most commonly found colors in Europe.

As interest in the breed slowly increases in the US, a few dogs were imported directly from Africa, and a group of breeders met in 1989 to form the American Azawakh Association. In 1993, the United Kennel Club granted full recognition to the Azawakh as a member of the Sighthound & Pariah Group. The Azawakh is also recognized by the AKC as a Miscellaneous breed.

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Azawakh Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Ishant

    Apr 10, 2022, 3:04:11 PM: