Catahoula Leopard Dog Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Catahoula Leopard Dog so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Working Dogs
Popularity Rank393
Reviews4
User Ratings
Compare the Catahoula Leopard Dog With Other Dogs
Select at least one dog breed to make the comparsion.
 
 
Catahoula Leopard Dog dog profile picture
OriginUnited States flagUnited States
Other Names
What other names does the Catahoula Leopard Dog have?
Catahoula CurCatahoula HoundCatahoula Hog Dog
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred

Catahoula Leopard Dog Price and Availability

Price
How much does the Catahoula Leopard Dog puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? How much money is a Catahoula Leopard Dog?
$300-$500
If you choose to purchase the Catahoula Leopard Dog, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Catahoula Leopard Dog for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Catahoula Leopard Dog gets to a happy place.
Availability
How easy is it to get a Catahoula Leopard Dog? How many Catahoula Leopard Dog are there in the world?
Average: The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a commonly available dog breed. There is less risk of overbreeding compared to the very popular dogs.

Of course, they may be more popular in some countries, and inbreeding may occur, so be careful.

Catahoula Leopard Dog Size

Size
Is a Catahoula Leopard Dog small, medium or large dog?

How big do Catahoula Leopard Dog get?

Large Medium
Weight
How much does the Catahoula Leopard Dog weigh? How much should the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed weight? What is the normal weight of a Catahoula Leopard Dog?
55-80 pounds (16-37 kg)
Average Weight
What is the average weight of a Catahoula Leopard Dog?
67.5 pounds (26.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Catahoula Leopard Dog? Catahoula Leopard Dog height:
Male: 22-26 inches (56-58 cm), Female: 20-24 inches (51-61 cm)
Average Height
What is the average height of a Catahoula Leopard Dog?
Male: 24 inches (57 cm), Female: 22 inches (56 cm)

Catahoula Leopard Dog Grooming, Hair and Care

Coat / Hair Types
What type of coat does the Catahoula Leopard Dog have? What does this canine coat/fur look like?
Smooth
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Catahoula Leopard Dog's coat?
Blue BrownRedTricolorTanBrindleGraySilverBlack
Grooming
How to groom the Catahoula Leopard Dog and how often?
Effortless: The Catahoula Leopard Dog requires minimal grooming. Seasonal flea treatment is needed, but cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer isn't necessary.

Ears and eyes should be cleaned sometimes to avoid infections. Catahoula Leopard Dog is one of the best choices if you don't have the time, skill, or money to take care of a high-maintenance dog.

Highly recommended for beginners.
Shedding Level
How much do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Catahoula Cur?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are low shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.
Bath Time / Bathing Frequency
How often does the Catahoula Leopard Dog need a bath? How often should bathe this dog? Can I bathe my Catahoula Leopard Dog every day?
4-6 weeks
Average. Experts recommended at least every 4-6 weeks for this family pup. According to a study, 56% of pet parents don’t bathe their dogs as frequently as they should, and 60% use the sniff test when deciding when it’s bath time.

Bathing your dog is beneficial to them in more ways than just one. It’s also a good time to look for unusual scratches, bumps, fleas, and other irregularities. When their hair is wet and flat against their body, these details are more visible.

Catahoula Leopard Dog Personality / Temperament

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Catahoula Leopard Dog have? What characteristics or traits does the breed have?
AlertEnergeticIndependentLovingProtectiveCourageousGentleIntelligentLoyal
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Catahoula Leopard Dog? Is the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed dumb or smart?
Average: It takes patience to teach this breed any tricks or commands, but the effort is worth it. They understand and remember new commands after an average of 25-40 repetitions.

The Catahoula Leopard Dog ranks average in the intelligence ranking of dogs.

Trainability
Are Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are quite easy to train. Sometimes they can be challenging, but if you're consistent in teaching new commands they will obey for sure.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
Average: Catahoula Leopard Dogs, like any other dog breed, like playing. Sometimes they bark in excitement for playing, but they are not the most playful dog breed.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Catahoula Leopard Dog sensitivity:
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are less sensitive than other dog breeds. They aren't receptive to their owner's emotions and handle soft punishment quite well.

They don't mind an always changing daily routine, a hectic household, young children, a noisy or office environment, and frequent guest visits.

Affection Level
How affectionate are they? Is a Catahoula Leopard Dog a good family dog?
Average to High: Catahoula Leopard Dogs are highly affectionate dogs. They like being involved in the family's life. This breed isn't considered an aloof dog.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Catahoula Cur need? Catahoula Leopard Dog social needs:
Catahoula Leopard Dogs need for social interaction is average. This breed likes being around people or other animals, but they don't mind being left alone for a few hours either.
Barking
Do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs bark a lot? Are they barkers/noisy? Why does my Catahoula Cur bark?
Low to Average: The Catahoula Leopard Dog rarely barks. This breed could be a good choice if you're looking for a quiet breed. They don't bark unless there is a good reason.

Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention-seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.

Watchdog Ability
Is Catahoula Leopard Dog good as a watchdog? Are they alert at night?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Guarding Behavior / Territorial
Do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs have aggressive behavior to protect their home/house/territory? Do they have guarding instincts?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect its territory so the Catahoula Leopard Dog can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Catahoula Leopard Dog will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Catahoula Leopard Dog bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Catahoula Cur? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Catahoula Leopard Dog? Why do dog bites happen?

Low 🔽

The Catahoula Leopard Dog has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Bite Force
Does the Catahoula Leopard Dog has a hard bite? What is the bite force of a Catahoula Leopard Dog? How much bite force does a Catahoula Leopard Dog have?

Between 200 and 400 PSI

Catahoula Leopard Dog bite force: Ordinary. Average dogs have a bite force between 200 and 400 PSI.

The Catahoula Leopard Dog, and many others, have a fearsome presence because they have significant jaw strength, so it is important not to anger the dog and have it around strangers until it is fully trained.

However, they are usually quite calm and good companions, they work well in families and are easy to care for.

Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Catahoula Leopard Dog do?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs have an average tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Catahoula Leopard Dogs need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Catahoula Leopard Dog to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Catahoula Leopard Dog roam?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs have average wanderlust potential. Sometimes they like to explore the world and they might escape once or twice, but usually, they prefer staying safely at home. Safer to teach them how to get back to you on command.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Catahoula Leopard Dog have high prey drive?
Their prey drive is low. Catahoula Leopard Dogs don't have an impulse to catch or chase small animals.
Apartment Friendly
Is Catahoula Leopard Dog good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Not an apartment-friendly dog the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed. If you don't have a garden, think carefully about your decision, keeping Catahoula Leopard Dog indoors can cause a lot of problems.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Average: Catahoula Leopard Dogs adapt to lifestyle changes and different living environments quite okay usually.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
How long can a Catahoula Leopard Dog be left alone?
Just like every puppy, they are prone to panic, cry, bark, whine when they left alone by their owner. With proper socialization and quality time with the dog can solve this problem.

Catahoula Leopard Dog Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they aggressive or friendly towards/with strangers? Catahoula Leopard Dog temperament with other people:
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are not the most stranger-friendly dogs.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs get along with other pets? Are Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are generally with other pets.
Child Friendly
Are Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Catahoula Leopard Dog temperament with children:
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are kid-friendly dogs. This breed is a good choice if you have children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats? Can they be good with cats? Can the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed live with a cat?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are average friendly towards cats.
Dog Friendly
Is Catahoula Leopard Dog good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs get along with other dogs?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Catahoula Leopard Dog is not a good choice.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Catahoula Leopard Dog breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners? Is Catahoula Leopard Dog breed suitable for first-time owners?
Yes
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Office Friendly
Are Catahoula Leopard Dogs good office dogs? Do Catahoula Leopard Dogs make good office friendly dogs? Can Catahoula Leopard Dogs be office dogs?
No
Catahoula Leopard Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Catahoula Cur temperament with senior people? Are Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs good for elderly owners?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.

Catahoula Leopard Dog Health

Health Issues
Is it a healthy or unhealthy breed? Do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs have health problems or genetic diseases?
The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Health Problems
What genetic/health problems does the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed have? What are the health issues and concerns of the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed? Most common health risks of Catahoula Leopard Dog:
BloatDeafnessHip Dysplasia
Veterinarian Visits
How often does the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed need to go to the vet? How often should you take your dog to the vet? How often should the Catahoula Leopard Dog see the vet?
Average
The Catahoula Leopard Dog should have a complete physical check-up at least once per year. If your dog shows any symptoms, call your veterinarian.
Life Expectancy
How long do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs live? How old can a Catahoula Leopard Dog be? What is the age limit of the Catahoula Leopard Dog? How many years can the oldest Catahoula Leopard Dog live?

What is the average life expectancy / lifespan of a Catahoula Leopard Dog?

11-13 years
The average lifespan of Catahoula Leopard Dog: 12 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed hypoallergenic?
No
Catahoula Leopard Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Catahoula Leopard Dog have? What is the activity level of the Catahoula Leopard Dog?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Activity Requirement / Exercise Need
How much exercise does a Catahoula Leopard Dog need? How much exercise do Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs require per day?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs need a lot of exercises. Long walks should be on a daily schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed need?
Catahoula Leopard Dogs are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend too much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Average daily food consumption
How much food does a Catahoula Leopard Dog need? What dog products should I buy? How much food does a Catahoula Leopard Dog breed eat per day? What is good dog food for Catahoula Leopard Dog? How much food should I feed my Catahoula Leopard Dog?
3 to 4.5 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential / Prone to Obesity
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Catahoula Leopard Dog risk for obesity:
Average: The Catahoula Leopard Dog has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding.

If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Catahoula Leopard Dog's weight regularly.

Weather and Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot or cold weather and climate?
Tolerates warm and cold weather
Dogs that tolerate hot and cold weather are typically those that have a double coat of fur. Dogs with a double coat of fur have a layer of fur that insulates their skin and helps protect them from the cold and the heat.
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?

Medium

The Catahoula Leopard Dog has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling Tendency
Does the Catahoula Leopard Dog drool?
The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Catahoula Leopard Dog could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimum compared to others, just like the Catahoula Leopard Dog.

If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Catahoula Leopard Dog As a Working Dog

Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Catahoula Leopard Dog be a guide dog? Are they used as seeing-eye dogs?

Not really

This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act).

Catahoula Leopard Dog is not the best breed for service purposes.

Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Catahoula Leopard Dog be a therapy dog? Are they good anxiety dogs? Can a Catahoula Leopard Dog be an emotional support animal?

Not really

This breed is generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and people with anxiety disorders or autism.

Catahoula Leopard Dog is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.

Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Catahoula Leopard Dog be a sniffer dog?

Not really

They are not typically employed for this type of work, but there may be exceptional cases. A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones.

Catahoula Leopard Dog is not the best breed for detection purposes.

Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Catahoula Leopard Dog be a search and rescue dog?

Not really

This dog breed is not typically used as a search and rescue dog. The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and locating missing people.

The Catahoula Leopard Dog is not the best breed for SAR purposes.

Boat and Sailor Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Catahoula Leopard Dog be a boat dog?

Not really

Catahoula Leopard Dog breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.

Boat dogs were typically bred for their strength, stamina, and water resistance, as they were often required to perform tasks such as pulling in fishing nets, and jumping into the water to retrieve ropes or lines, or helping to move cargo.

Sailor dog is a type of dog that was bred to accompany sailors on their voyages. They were typically used for three purposes: as a working dog, a watchdog, and as a companion. A boat dog is a term used to describe a type of dog that was traditionally bred and used as a working dog on boats.

Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Catahoula Leopard Dog be a drafting dog?

Not really

A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination.

Catahoula Leopard Dog is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Fighting Dog / Military Dog
Where Catahoula Leopard Dog dogs used as fighting / military dogs in history?

Not really

In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Catahoula Leopard Dog Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long is a Catahoula Leopard Dog pregnant?How long does it take to have puppies? How to tell if the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed is pregnant?

60-64 days

Reproductive cycle of the female Catahoula Leopard Dog: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days.

During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge.

The second part is the Estrus when the female is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days.

The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color.

The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the female’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating.

The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.

Litter Frequency

Once a year.

More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Catahoula Leopard Dog have in a litter? How many puppies can the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed have for the first time? How many puppies does a Catahoula Leopard Dog have? How many puppies can a Catahoula Leopard Dog give birth to?
8-12 puppies

Catahoula Leopard Dog Recognition

AKC Group
Is Catahoula Leopard Dog recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Catahoula Leopard Dog recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed?
American Canine RegistryAmerica's Pet RegistryDog Registry of America Inc.North American Purebred Registry, Inc.American Canine Association, Inc.United Kennel ClubAnimal Research FoundationAmerican Rare Breed AssociationFoundation Stock Service

Catahoula Leopard Dog Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Grooming: Effortless: The Catahoula Leopard Dog requires minimal grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Catahoula Leopard Dogs are low shedders.
  • Drooling Tendency: The Catahoula Leopard Dog is a perfect example of a very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Catahoula Leopard Dogs are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Child Friendly: Catahoula Leopard Dogs are kid-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Catahoula Leopard Dogs are usually recommended for elderly people.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Catahoula Leopard Dogs are good for novice owners, due to their easy-going personality.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Catahoula Leopard Dogs don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Apartment Friendly: Not an apartment-friendly dog the Catahoula Leopard Dog breed.
  • Dog Friendly: Catahoula Leopard Dogs are not the most dog-friendly dogs.
  • Office Friendly: Catahoula Leopard Dog is not the best dog breed for office environment.

Catahoula Leopard Dog History

There are many claims and theories are made about the history of the Catahoula Leopard Dog, but nothing is known for sure about the true origins. All that is certain is that the breed originated somewhere along the Gulf Coast of the United States, most likely in northern Louisiana, between the 1520s and the mid-1800s. They are sometimes known as Catahoula Curs, Catahoula Leopard Curs, or Catahoula Hounds, but the name was officially changed to Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog.

Moreover, the Catahoula Leopard Dog is thought to have been created by combining local Native American dogs with dogs brought in by European explorers and settlers. Although there isn’t enough evidence to confirm this idea, the evidence that does exist appears to strongly support it. The exploration trips of Panfilo de Narvaez in 1528 and Hernando De Soto in 1542 marked the beginning of European colonization in Louisiana. Both parties crossed the Mississippi River and approached Catahoula Parish within a hundred miles. It is well recorded that De Soto’s mission was accompanied by a number of “Spanish war dogs”.

These war dogs were used with great success and extreme brutality against Native American populations, who had never before encountered a dog used for battle. At the time, they were probably the world’s finest dogs and they were divided into three different types; Alaunts, Mastiffs, and Sighthounds. It is widely believed that the Catahoula Leopard Dog was developed by the local Native Americans when they crossed their dogs with the above-mentioned war dogs. This theory could be very possible as historians claim that De Soto is known to have abandoned several of his war dogs after a lost battle in the region. Additionally, many Native American tribes were impressed with the European dogs and acquired them through trade. Furthermore, if we take a closer examination of the Spanish war dogs, both Alaunts and Mastiffs were extensively used for catching bulls and hogs, in fact, they still are. This may explain the hog catching ability of the Catahoula Leopard Dog, which might be a direct result of Alaunt and Mastiff ancestry.

Despite being the first Europeans to arrive in Louisiana, the Spanish were not the first to populate the area significantly. Southern Louisiana was predominantly populated by French Acadian refugees fleeing the British occupation of eastern Canada, whereas northern Louisiana was primarily settled by Americans migrating west across the continent. Both groups are known to have brought their own dog breeds with them, which then crossed with the existing Spanish and native American dogs. According to historians, there is documentation that strongly suggests that the French brought along a dog known at the time as the Berger de Beauce, which is today known as the Beauceron and it is widely believed that the Beauceron first introduced the merle coloration into the Catahoula Leopard Dog.

Moreover, the Catahoula Leopard Dog became nearly legendary across the American South for its ability to catch and cattle and hogs, either domestic or wild. The breed’s ability to work in a pack is one of the main reasons for its success with cattle and hogs. Although the Catahoula Leopard Dog was still in evolution for several centuries, by the early 19th century, it was probably certainly in a form that was near to its modern state. One of the first records of the species can be found in the diary of Jim Bowie, the great American pioneer who lived from 1796 to 1836. Jim and his brother grew up in Louisiana near Catahoula Parish, and both had Catahoula Leopard Dogs as children. Furthermore, the Catahoula Leopard Dog gained a variety of unique characteristics over time that helped it survive in Louisiana. Louisiana is home to some of the world’s largest swamps and marshes, as well as a vast number of rivers and lakes.

The breed developed webbed feet to work on water as well as land. To work and survive in temperatures that frequently reach 100 degrees Fahrenheit, the breed evolved to exceptionally heat tolerant. Commercial dog food did not exist during the time the Catahoula Leopard Dog was being developed, therefore canines were fed table scraps, which were sometimes insufficient to keep them alive. These dogs were expected to supplement their diet by hunting for themselves, and the Catahoula became a highly skilled and intensely dedicated hunter of small game as a result. The breed was also one of the purest dogs in the United States for many decades. This purity was maintained because the working ability and drive of these dogs are so strong that even one cross can seriously compromise it for future generations. Those features for which the dog became most well-known, a merle coat and glass exes, were selected more because they showed the dog’s purity than an actual appearance preference. Although breeders kept their dogs pure, they were more interested still in their working abilities, not in dog shows or pedigrees. As a result, the breed was not registered with the AKC or even the working dog-focused United Kennel Club for many decades.

Throughout the 20th century, the Catahoula Leopard Dog continued to spread throughout the American South. The breed’s developing reputation as a tireless worker, exceptionally talented stock dog, and ardent hunter accounted for much of this increase. The breed became known as the “King of All Stock Dogs” towards the end of the 20th century. Although precise statistics are hard to get, the breed is likely the second most frequent in rural areas of the United States, behind only the American Pit Bull Terrier. Moreover, in 1979, the state of Louisiana officially named the Louisiana Catahoula Leopard Dog the state dog. As the breed’s reputation has grown in recent decades, it has begun to expand outside the U.S., and the breed members have been shipped all over the world, primarily to nations with large hog populations.

Although the breed is still very commonly seen as a working livestock catch dog and hunter, the last few decades have also seen the Catahoula take on a number of new roles. The breed has been used for search and rescue, herding, therapy, and law enforcement. In 1995, the UKC formally granted recognition to the breed as a member of the Herding Dog Group after having them compete in a number of events unrecognized for many years. The following year, a small group of dedicated fanciers also formed the Catahoula Owners, Breeders, and Research Association.

Rate The Catahoula Leopard Dog Breed

Catahoula Leopard Dog Comments, Reviews and Questions

  • Mark

    Feb 4, 2022, 7:05:50 PM:

    My dog is a Catahoula Lab mix, rescue dog. Brindle coat, sheds a lot. The Catahoula genes are very strong. He is smart, loyal, and loving to all family members. Gentle, soft mouth, with a lot of energy. Highly recommend this breed for families.

  • Angie

    Jan 27, 2021, 6:03:46 PM:

    This site give a good details and you can learn a lot about this breed. But their isn’t recommended as a first dog. They are super smart and have a really good senses, they are hunted dog. don’t call the female as bitch...

  • AL

    Nov 20, 2019, 5:58:34 AM:

    This page does not properly describe Catahoulas. They're not dogs for first-time owners! They have a great sense of smell since they track and head cows and hogs.

  • Ricsi

    Sep 14, 2019, 7:16:35 PM: