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Scotch Collie Information & Dog Breed Facts

Collection of all the general dog breed info about Scotch Collie so you can get to know the breed more.

Group Pastoral Dogs (Herding Dogs)
Popularity Rank500
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OriginScotland
Other Names
What other names does the Scotch Collie have? The dog breed also known as...
Farm Collie, Old Farm Collie, Scottish Collie
Breed Type
What type of dog breed is it?
Purebred
AKC Group
Is Scotch Collie recognized by the American Kennel Club?
Not recognized by the American Kennel Club.
FCI Group
Is Scotch Collie recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI)?
Not recognized by FCI.
Breed Recognition
What kennel clubs and organizations recognize or register the Scotch Collie breed?
Dog Registry of America Inc.
Price
How much does the Scotch Collie puppy cost? What is the price range of this puppy? What is the average price of this dog in the United States? Is this puppy expensive? How much should I pay for it? Scotch Collie price:
$700-$900
If you choose to purchase the Scotch Collie, you should know that the mentioned amount of money is an average of the collected data from breeders’ sites and puppy finder places. If you have a Scotch Collie for sale, please advertise it on a reliable website to make sure the Scotch Collie gets to a happy place.

History

The Scotch Collie is a Collie dog that is thought to be naturally developed over many centuries in Scotland. The Scotch Collie is also referred to simply as Collie in parts of Scotland, and also as Old Farm Collie, for the reason being that the breed was first extensively used by farmers. The breed was mostly valued for their farmyard abilities, including guarding and shepherding livestock, thus the Scotch Collie was considered to be a quintessential farm dog.

It is widely believed that Collie’s ancestors were brought to Scotland nearly 2000 years, by the Romans during their conquest of Britain in the first century of the Common Era. Over multiple centuries, the Roman herding stock was cross-bred with local breeds. Sometimes within this long period of undocumented history, a stout-hearted shepherding dog, with great resemblance to the Collie, came into the focus of both breeders and farmers as the ideal working companion. Queen Victoria was the first famous royal, who got charmed by the breed. Her abiding love for the Scotch Collie made a lasting impact on Collie’s history. During her extended stays at the Balmoral Castle, on the Scottish Highlands, she always surrounded herself with these loving dogs. By the second half of the 19th century, thanks to Queen Victoria’s efforts, she managed to popularize the breed. Her enthusiasm for Collies led the breed to become a worldwide canine superstar.

In the early 1800s, the breed got exported to the United States of America and to Canada, where they also stole the hearts of both the city and the farmer people. However, the breed mostly was used around farms, as a multi-purpose shepherding dog, who could also keep the number of mice and rats down in the sheds and barns. The Scotch Collie was portrayed in several paintings in the early 1800s, by artists Sir Edwin Henry Landseer and by Richard Ansdell. In 1885, one year after the AKC (American Kennel Club) was established, it recognized the breed, nevertheless, later, the Club changed the Collie classifications to Rough Collie and Smooth Collie, consequently pushing the original Scotch Collie to the side. These varieties of the Collie were a product of crossbreeding the Scotch Collie with either the Borzoi or the Greyhound. The Scotch Collie is also considered as a foundation of the Broder Collie and the Australian Shepherd. As time passed by, the Scotch Collie’s popularity declined and got replaced with the modern varieties. The breed’s numbers decreased to the point when it was fearful that the breed will be lost. In the 1990s, there was a movement in the United States, focusing on the restoration and the revitalization of the breed. This renewed type of Collie is referred to as Old-Time Farm Shepherds or Old-Fashioned Collies to avoid confusion.

Nowadays the breed’s numbers are around 200, so it is safe to say, that the breed remains in rarity, even though the breed is extremely well-known in pop culture. In the 20th century in America, an author and dog enthusiast named Albert Payson Terhune popularized the Scotch Collie for generations when he wrote the Adventures of the Sunnybank Collies. Later, in 1940, a British author, Eric Knight one of the most famous pop-culture franchises of all time with his novel Lassie Come Home. Because of Knight’s books, many spin-off movies, series were made in the name of Lassie, who stole the younglings’ hearts.

General Appearance

Size
What size is this breed? How big is this dog? Scotch Collie size:
Large
Weight
How much does the Scotch Collie weigh? Scotch Collie weight:
Male: 45-70 pounds (20-32 kg), Female: 45-60 pounds (20-27 kg)
Avg. Weight
What is the average weight of the Scotch Collie? Scotch Collie average weight:
Male: 57.5 pounds (26 kg), Female: 52.5 pounds (23.5 kg)
Height
How tall is the Scotch Collie? Scotch Collie height:
Male: 21-24 inches (53-61 cm), Female: 20-22 inches (51-56 cm)
Avg. Height
What is the average height of this fido? Scotch Collie average height:
Male: 22.5 inches (57 cm), Female: 21 inches (53.5 cm)

Hair & Care

Coat
What type of coat does the Scotch Collie have? What does this canine coat look like?
DenseFlatThick
Colors
What color is the breed's coat? What color is a proper Scotch Collie's coat?
SableBlack & WhiteBlue & MerleWhite
Grooming
How to groom the Scotch Collie and how often?
Advanced: The Scotch Collie requires a lot of grooming. Cutting the dog's hair by a professional groomer can be helpful sometimes. Regular brushed dog's coat is less likely to shed. Ears and eyes should be cleaned often to avoid infections. Don't skip the seasonal flea treatment too. Occasional dog nail trimming and dog bath is important. Check the local pet store for dog grooming supplies and find the best dog shampoo to keep its coat healthy and to give your Scotch Collie a pleasant experience of a dog bath. If you don't have the time, skill or money to take care of your Scotch Collie, search for the best dog groomer or clipping service in your area and book an appointment. Maybe you're lucky to have a dog boarding service that includes grooming or walk in dog bath places nearby.
Shedding Level
How much do Scotch Collie dogs shed? How to control, reduce and prevent the shedding of the Farm Collie? Scotch Collie shedding level:
Scotch Collies are heavy shedders. It's a natural process of the hair growth cycle. Be prepared for the daily vacuum cleaning. The amount and frequency of hair loss mostly depend on their health status and breed type.

Characteristics

Temperament
What kind of personality does the Scotch Collie have? What characteristics does the breed have?
FriendlyGentleIntelligentLoyalProtectiveResponsiveSocial
Intelligent Rank
How smart is the Scotch Collie? Are they intelligent?
Smart: Scotch Collie's has great intelligence. They understand and memorize new commands in 15-25 repetitions.
Trainability
Are Scotch Collie dogs easy to train? Do they go well on dog training?
Scotch Collies are very easy to train. They easily find out the association between commands and actions.
Playfulness
How playful is this breed?
The Scotch Collie is a playful breed. Excited barking and sometimes nipping will alert you to play.
Sensitivity Level
How sensitive are they? Scotch Collie sensitivity:
Scotch Collies don't like an irregular daily routine, noisy household and frequent guest visits. This breed emotional level reflects their owner's feelings and they don't handle punishments well.
Affection Level
How affectionate are they?
Scotch Collies are genuinely loyal, soft and gentle, loving and affectionate dogs toward their handlers. They enjoy quality time with their owners despite the activity and considered as a great therapy dog for those in need. This breed responds strongly to their handler's emotions because they bond closely. Their happiness is your happiness.
Social Needs
How much social interaction does the Farm Collie need? Scotch Collie social needs:
Scotch Collies need a lot of social interaction. They desire to always be with someone or around people. This breed hates being left alone.
Barking
Do Scotch Collie dogs bark a lot? Why does my Old Farm Collie bark?
Average to high: The Scotch Collie is a vocal breed. Not the best choice if you prefer a quiet breed. They often bark loudly and howl sometimes. They can change their barks depending on their emotional level and what they're trying to say. Different barks could mean the same and same barks could have a different meaning. Top reasons for barking: protection, alarm, fear, boredom, attention seeking, greeting, separation anxiety, compulsive barking.
Watchdog Ability
Is Scotch Collie good as a watchdog?
Scotch Collies are one of the best watchdogs. Their main job is to observe and they're very consistent in their effort. The best vocal cords and sense of hearing belong to them. Usually, they're very territorial and protective about their property, so the Scotch Collie dogs will alert you if they sense something different.
Territorial
Do Scotch Collie dogs have an aggressive behavior to protect their territory?
Scotch Collies are extremely protective guard dogs. This breed doesn't hesitate to protect their territory so the Scotch Collie can be a good choice if you want an excellent guard dog. Keep calm and the Scotch Collie will take care of unwanted people or animals.
Biting Potential
Do Scotch Collie bite humans? How likely are you to get bitten from the Farm Collie? What are the odds of getting bitten by a Scotch Collie? Why do dog bites happen?
Low
The Scotch Collie has a low chance of biting somebody. Top reasons for dog bite: protection, pain, excitement, herding instinct, being provoked. (Data based on the available online bite statistics.)
Mouthiness
How much mouthing/nipping/play biting does the Scotch Collie do?
Scotch Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people. It's a common habit during puppyhood, not aggressive behavior. These "bites" don't hurt, but Scotch Collies need to be taught for a good attitude.
Impulse to Wander or Roam
How likely is the Scotch Collie to run away? Does this breed explore or wander a lot? Does Scotch Collie roam?
Scotch Collies are not the biggest explorers. They have low wanderlust potential. Low chance for escaping from home with this breed.
Prey Drive
Do this canine have a strong prey drive? Does Scotch Collie have high prey drive?
Scotch Collies have a higher impulse to chase and catch something than other dog breeds. Cats or any other small animals might be in danger. It's a natural instinct, doesn't necessarily mean that Scotch Collies are aggressive. Better to keep this breed on a leash.
Apartment Friendly
Is Scotch Collie good as an apartment dog? Can they live in a flat?
Scotch Collies are not the best choice for an apartment lifestyle, but they don't mind being inside if you walk them several times every day.
Adaptability
Are they adaptable and easy-going?
Scotch Collies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments. They don't mind moving from one place to another with their owner.
Tolerates Being Left Alone
Can you leave this breed home alone?
Scotch Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
Fighting Dog
Where Scotch Collie dogs used as a fighting dog in the history?
Not really
In history, this breed was not really used for combat dog.

Good With

Stranger Friendly
Are they friendly with strangers?
Scotch Collies are stranger friendly dogs.
Child Friendly
Are Scotch Collie dogs kid-friendly? Are they good with young children? Scotch Collie and children:
Scotch Collies are very kid-friendly dogs. This breed enjoys being surrounded by children.
Cat Friendly
How well do Scotch Collie dogs get along with cats? Are they good with kittens? What is this fido's temperament with cats?
Scotch Collies are very cat-friendly dogs.
Dog Friendly
Is Scotch Collie good with other dogs? Are they dog-friendly dogs? How well do Scotch Collie dogs get along with other dogs? What is this canine temperament with other dogs?
Scotch Collies are dog-friendly dogs. If you want more dogs in your family or you'd like to join dog meetups, the Scotch Collie can be a great choice.
Office Friendly
Are Scotch Collies good office dogs? Do Scotch Collies make good office friendly dogs? Can Scotch Collies be office dogs?
No
Scotch Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
Senior Citizens Friendly
Are they senior citizens friendly dogs? How well do Scotch Collie dogs get along with the elderly people? What is the Farm Collie temperament with senior people? Are Scotch Collie dogs good for elderly owners?
Scotch Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Pet Friendly
Are they pet-friendly dogs? How well do Scotch Collie dogs get along with other pets? Are Scotch Collie dogs good with pets? What is this canine temperament with other pets?
Scotch Collies are one of the friendliest dog breeds.
Good For First Time Owners
Is Scotch Collie breed good for first-time owners? Do they make a good dog for novice owners?
No
Scotch Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.
Service Dog
Are they good as service dogs? Can Scotch Collie be a service dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a service dog. A service dog is a term used in the USA to refer to any type of assistance dog specifically trained to help people who have disabilities, such as visual impairment, hearing impairments, mental disorders, seizures, mobility impairment, and diabetes. Service dogs are protected under the ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act). Scotch Collie is not the best breed for service purposes.
Therapy Dog
Are they good as therapy dogs? Can Scotch Collie be a therapy dog?
Not really
This breed generally not used as a therapy dog. A therapy dog is a dog that might be trained to provide affection, comfort, and love to people in hospitals, retirement homes, nursing homes, schools, hospices, disaster areas, and to people with anxiety disorders or autism. Scotch Collie is not the best breed for therapeutic purposes.
Detection Dog or Sniffer Dog
Are they good as detection dogs? Can Scotch Collie be a sniffer dog?
Not really
A detection dog or sniffer dog is a dog that is trained to use its senses (mostly its smell) to detect substances such as explosives, illegal drugs, wildlife scat, currency, blood, and contraband electronics such as illicit mobile phones. Scotch Collie is not the best breed for detection purposes.
Search and Rescue Dog (SAR)
Are they good as SAR dogs? Can Scotch Collie be a search and rescue dog?
Not really
The use of dogs in search and rescue (SAR) is a valuable component in wilderness tracking, natural disasters, mass casualty events, and in locating missing people. The Scotch Collie is not the best breed for SAR purposes.
Boat Dog
Are they good as boat dogs? Can Scotch Collie be a boat dog?
Not really
Scotch Collie breed usually doesn't like being on a boat.
Cart Pulling or Drafting Dog
Are they good as cart pulling dogs? Can Scotch Collie be a drafting dog?
Not really
A drafting dog or draft dog is a dog bred and used for cart pulling. Dogs bred for this work have strong builds and qualities that are needed, strength and determination. Scotch Collie is not the best breed for drafting purposes.

Health Factors

Health Issues
Is it a healthy breed? Do Scotch Collie dogs have health problems?
The Scotch Collie is a healthy breed, but there are certain health issues that you should check with your vet regularly.
Life Expectancy
How long do Scotch Collie dogs live? What is the average lifespan of this breed? How old can a Scotch Collie be?
12-14 years
Hypoallergenic
Is the Scotch Collie breed hypoallergenic?
No
Scotch Collies don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction. Some of the dog breeds are even considered to higher the possibility of an allergic response. Coat type isn't necessarily relevant, because most people are allergic to dander (flakes on the dog's skin) or saliva, not actually to dog hair.
Energy Level
How much energy does the Scotch Collie have?
Scotch Collies have a higher energy level than other dog breeds. If you want a dog for snuggling on the couch, this breed isn't the perfect choice for you.
Exercise Need
How much exercise does this dog need? How much exercise do Scotch Collie dogs require per day?
Scotch Collies need quite a lot of exercise. Daily walks should be on schedule. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Sleeping Need
How much sleep does this fido need?
Scotch Collies are quite energetic dogs and they don't spend to much time with sleeping. If you live an active life, this breed can be a good choice for you.
Avg. daily food consumption
How much food does the Scotch Collie need? How often should I feed my canine? What dog products should I buy?
2 to 3 cups of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Weight Gain Potential
How easy to gain weight for this dog? Scotch Collie risk for obesity:
Average. The Scotch Collie has an average risk for obesity. Daily walks should be on schedule. To make your dog happy and fit, feed him with quality dry dog food and live an active life together. Try to find the happy medium between exercise and feeding. If you notice any weight gain, consult your veterinarian and make a diet plan. Reduce unhealthy food and snacks, and measure the Scotch Collie's weight regularly.
Weather & Climate
Which weather condition is preferred by this dog? Can they tolerate hot and cold weather & climate?
Prefers average to warm weather conditions
Stinkiness
How stinky is this dog? Why does it smell bad and how to get rid of the smell?
Medium
The Scotch Collie has an average chance of bad smell. Top reasons for dog stinkiness: infection of bad tooth/ear/skin folds, gas attacks.
Drooling tendency
Does the Scotch Collie drool?
The Scotch Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency. If you're disgusted by slobber spots on your clothes, the Scotch Collie could be a perfect choice for you. Drooling is the unintentional saliva flowing outside of the mouth. It can be completely normal or a sign of a health problem. Certain dog breeds drool minimal compared to others, just like the Scotch Collie. If you notice any change in your dog's drooling habit, you should contact a vet as soon as possible.

Reproducibility

Gestation Length
How long does this dog's pregnancy last? How long is the Scotch Collie pregnant? How long does it take to have this dog puppies? Scotch Collie pregnancy time period:
60-64 days
Reproductive cycle of the female Scotch Collie: The first period called Proestrus lasts for about 9 days. During this time the females start to attract males. You can notice by swelling vulva and bloody discharge. The second part is the Estrus when the bitch is receptive for the male. It lasts for about 3 to 11 days. The sign of the proestrus part is the soft and enlarged vulva. The discharge decreases and lightens in color. The third part is the Diestrus. Normally, it occurs around day 14. In this period the bitch’s discharge changes for vivid red and coming to its end. The vulva returns to average, and she will no longer permit mating. The fourth part called the Anestrus. The time frame between heat periods normally lasts about six months.
How often can the Scotch Collie have a litter? Once a year.
More frequent breeding is not healthy. It is very important not to buy a dog from a puppy mill, where the needs of the pups and their mothers are ignored. It's an inhumane high-volume dog breeding facility, where puppies born several times a year.
Litter Size
How many puppies can the Scotch Collie have? What is the average litter size of this fido?
8-12 puppies

Pros & Cons of Scotch Collie

Pros
  • Intelligent Rank: Smart: Scotch Collie's has great intelligence.
  • Trainability: Scotch Collies are very easy to train.
  • Drooling tendency: The Scotch Collie is a perfect example for very low drooling tendency.
  • Watchdog Ability: Scotch Collies are one of the best watchdogs.
  • Impulse to Wander or Roam: Scotch Collies are not the biggest explorers.
  • Adaptability: Scotch Collies adapt well to lifestyle changes and different living environments.
  • Child Friendly: Scotch Collies are very kid-friendly dogs.
  • Cat Friendly: Scotch Collies are very cat-friendly dogs.
  • Dog Friendly: Scotch Collies are dog-friendly dogs.
  • Senior Citizens Friendly: Scotch Collies are one of the best breeds for elderly people.
Cons
  • Hypoallergenic: Scotch Collies don't do well with allergy sufferers by causing allergic reaction.
  • Grooming: Advanced: The Scotch Collie requires a lot of grooming.
  • Shedding Level: Scotch Collies are heavy shedders.
  • Mouthiness: Scotch Collies have a strong tendency to nip, chew, play-bite, or herd people.
  • Tolerates Being Left Alone: Scotch Collies tend to have separation anxiety when their owners left them alone at home because they bond very closely with them.
  • Office Friendly: Scotch Collie is not the best dog breed for office environment.
  • Good For First Time Owners: Scotch Collies are not good for novice owners, due to their stubborn personality.

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